The ADA stands for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). In September 2010, the Department of Justice (DOJ) released the act named American with Disabilities (ADA) Standards for Accessible Design. The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) standards stated that each information technology and electronics should be accessible to people with disabilities. The ADA is not like section 508 rules, which are the modification to the 1973 Rehabilitation Act and which applies to all the information technology such as documentation, computer hardware, and software.
In other words, ADA compliance means people with disabilities are able to understand, interact, perceive, and navigate with their website.
Important things about ADA Compliances
There are various important things which you have to know about the ADA Compliances:
1. Accessibility Benefits to Everyone: - We know that most of the users who can see the screen of My Computer, listen to audio, and navigate the websites simply with the help of the mouse, it is easy to fall in the trap of thinking that all the person using my site will be in a similar manner. Although at the time, when the accessibility strategies are implemented, we are not making the website usable for only those peoples who have permanent visual, motor impairments, or audial: we make the site in such a manner so that everyone can use it easily. By guaranteeing the functionality of the keyboard navigation and screen reader optimization, we are also guaranteeing that users with temporary impairments get a seamless browsing experience. Always think about those peoples like someone who?s suffering from vision loss, someone whose wrist is not working properly, or the person who is watching a video on your website with the sound off in a quiet mode make the site accessible that helps these people to browse and also obtain information from your website.
2. Know the LINGO: - When it comes to accessibility, probably we hear a number of different acronyms such as WCAG, ARIA, ADA. Each of these acronyms relates to something different, and each acronym defines some guidelines which are useful to your website accessibility to everyone.
ADA compliance generally refers to the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, which bans discrimination against disabled persons. Since the Internet has only become more omnipresent, the websites come under the category of those services which are vulnerable to a lawsuit if all the users cannot access it. WCAG is a set of guidelines which you have to follow for the creation and maintenance of website accessible, and WAI-ARIA is a kind of markup used by the developers to create accessible website functions.
3. As a Website Owner, it is your Job to Help Maintain Compliance: - Generally, you spent huge money and time in evaluating your site and getting it up to the ADA compliance. But as the owner of the website, you always have to remember that you participate in the process of compliance and understand how this all affects your website. Although maintaining compliance is developer task as they feature on your site and develop new pages, always remember that if you add content to your website, these are the best strategies that you will also need to implement. In your images, always add an alt tag, use descriptive link text, and avoid use markup if not required. If related to the basis, you have any queries, then never hesitate to ask some ground rules from the compliance testing agency or your developer.
4. ADA-Compliance Testing is a Specialized Service: - Although many developers know the accessibility basics, it is great to go to the experts for an indeed complaint site. Learning how to implement and understand the WAI-ARIA markup and WCAG guidelines is an important skill that you can understand with more practice. You wish to trust your website with the one who has more experience with these standards and can test them comfortably.
5. Your Website is at Risk for an ADA Lawsuit: - However, different users or court cases can interpret definitions and guidelines differently, it is generally agreed that anything that you serve as a public accommodation must be compliant with ADA. As it applies to the public building, in the same way, it is also applied to the websites. Although the government buildings are maintained to the highest level, so the business apartments and restaurants must be accessible equally to every user. On the Internet your site is published, and it gives valuable information to the users, so care should be taken to serve anybody who wants to use it.
Who needs to Follow ADA Requirements
Organizations which have to comply with ADA requirements comprise:
Since the ADA incorporates information technology and electronics such as the Internet and its websites, the ADA compliance affects almost every webmasters and business. Sites and its designs do not intentionally ignore ADA requirements in most of the cases. However, if the ADA compliance does not apply to you, then it is still essential to develop a website which can use everyone.
How can we Achieve ADA Compliance for the Website
If you want to achieve ADA compliance for your website, then you have to go-to the recommendation which revolves around the guidelines of WCAG 2.0.
The main principles which guide WCAG contain:
1. Perceivable: - Users should be able to perceive all the information which is appearing on the website such as images, text, video, etc. Even if the users are not able to see the text of your website or not able to listen to the videos of your website, and then give some other substitute.
2. Operable: - Another important thing that you want is users have the ability to navigate your website and use all the features of your website easily. For example, Users must have the means so that they can use the core navigation and website tool, also such as Calculators.
3. Understandable: - You need users that have the means in order to understand the content of your website. It means users are able to understand the tools, images, videos, and the text of your website. For example, the websites contain some instructions about how users can use the features of your website, such as contact form or calculator.
4. Robust: - Another essential thing that you want for the users to have the same experience even if they are using assistive technology. For example, Users who read your content versus those who use a voice reader get the same content even if it is delivered in a different way.
Resources that help your Company or Business to be ADA Compliant
There are various resources that help your company or business to be ADA Compliant:
1. Making Files Accessible Checklist: - If you are making a website with ADA compliant, then you always make sure that every file which you link from your website meets the standards of accessibility. With the help of this checklist, you can organize the files into a compliant format.
2. Color Contrast Checker: - The Color contrast helps in easy reading of your content for those who are suffering from color blindness or other sight disabilities.
3. Website Accessibility Checklist: - The website accessibility checklist is a comprehensive checklist for letting you know about how to develop a website in a way that is accessible to the disabled persons. You are already so close to attain compliance if you are using modern web standards. It is not very difficult, just detailed.
4. Accessibility of Websites PDF: - The overview of the ADA Compliance offered by the US Justice Department.