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C++ Multiset operator<

C++ Multiset Operator< is a non-member overloaded function of multiset in C++. This function is used to check whether the first multiset is less than other or not.

Note: Operator < sequentially compares the element of multiset and comparison will stop at first mismatch.

Syntax

Parameter

lhs: First multiset object.

rhs: Second multiset object.

Return value

It returns true if the left side of the multiset object is less than the right side of the multiset object otherwise false.

Complexity

Complexity will be constant, if the size of lhs and rhs is different.

Otherwise, up to linear in the size of lhs and rhs.

Iterator validity

No changes.

Data Races

Containers, lhs and rhs are accessed.

Concurrently accessing the elements of unmodified multiset is always safe.

Exception Safety

This function does not throw an exception.

Example 1

Let's see the simple example to check whether the first multiset is less than second multiset or not:

Output:

Multiset m1 is less than m2.
Multiset m1 is not less than m2.

In the above example, there are two multisets m1 and m2. m2 contains one element and m1 is empty. When we compare both multisets then it will display the message "multiset m1 is less than m2" and after assigning m2 to m1 both multisets have equal element then it will display the message that "multiset m1 is not less than m2".

Example 2

Let's see a simple example:

Output:

The multiset m1 is less than the multiset m2.
The multiset m1 is not less than the multiset m3.

Example 3

Let's see a simple example:

Output:

0
1

In the above example if multiset s1 is less than s2 then it will return 1 otherwise 0.

Example 4

Output:

1).
---------Login----------

Enter the password: 
xyz@123
Password you have entered: 
xyz@123
Password stored in the system :
xyz@123

Welcome to your Page...


2).
---------Login----------

Enter the password: 
abc@123
Password you have entered: 
abc@123
Password stored in the system:
xyz@123

Incorrect Password...

In the above example, there are two multisets m1 and m2. m1 contains password and second multiset m2 stores user's entered password. It checks whether the m1 is less than m2 or not. If password of m1 is not less than m2 then login is successful otherwise login fails.

Next TopicC++ multiset




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