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List of Major Gardens in India

In almost every state of India, you can find lots of world-famous gardens that are known for their natural beauty, a wide range of flora, architecture and structures related to the rich heritage of India. These gardens are visited by a large number of local and foreign tourists every day. Some gardens are so beautiful that they are visited by tourists from all parts of the world. We have shortlisted some of the famous gardens in India and described them below including their characteristics features, timings to visit and other important information.



1) Hanging Garden, Mumbai

It is located on the western side of the Malabar Hill district in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It was built on multi-level stone terraces over the main water reservoir of Mumbai in 1880 by Ulhas Ghapokar. However, it was renovated in 1920. The hanging garden is also known as Pherozeshah Mehta Garden in honour of Pherozeshah Mehta who was a famous social activist, politician, and lawyer in the city of Mumbai.

List of Major Gardens in India

It is believed that this garden was made over the water reservoir to protect its water from pollution and contamination caused by the nearby silence tower that was used by a community to cremate dead bodies their people.

The garden is full of greenery that includes tree, shrubs and lots of colourful flowers and animal-shaped hedges. It also offers an amazing view of the Arabian Sea. These features make amazing backdrops to click pictures. Hanging Garden is 22 km far from Mumbai Airport and the nearest metro station is Girgaon Metro Station. It is a perfect place for people away from the hustle and bustle of the city. People come here for jogging, yoga, or as a day out with family or friends.

Main attractions at Hanging Garden in Mumbai:

  • A marble sundial is placed on an upright concrete slab.
  • An attractive flower clock is placed at the centre of the garden.
  • Viewing Gallery allows you to view Marine Drive, Chowpatty, and Mumbai Harbor
  • When viewed from the sky, one can see the letters PNG in cursive writing that sands for Pherozeshah Mehta Gardens
  • The boot house made of stone which is also called old woman's shoe.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Malabar hills
  • Sri Sri Radha Gopinath Temple
  • Priyadarshini Park
  • Kamala Nehru Park
  • Gateway of India
  • Chowpatty Beach
  • Mani Bhavan Gandhi Museum

Timings: 5 am to 9 pm

Entry: Free


2) Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanical Garden, Kolkata

It is located in Shibpur Kolkata on the Howrah side of Hoogly River. It is spread over an area of 273 acres. Originally it was founded by Colonel Robert Kyd in 1787 and was known as the company garden at that time. He was an officer in the British East India Company, he established this garden to make money by growing plant species of commercial value. The garden is now under the aegis of BSI or Botanical Survey of India.

List of Major Gardens in India

The garden was known by different names in the past that include Calcutta Botanical Garden, Indian Botanical Garden, and Royal Botanical Garden. For example, after independence, it was renamed Indian Botanic Garden in 1950. It got its present name on 25 June 2009 in the memory of Bengali scientist, Jagdish Chandra Bose.

The Great Banyan tree with the largest canopy in the world is one of the main attractions of this garden. Apart from this, the picturesque landscape, topography, glasshouse, greenhouses, conservatories and artificial lakes can be seen in the garden.

As per the 2007 census, the garden is home to around 14000 species of trees, over 13000 species of plants and various exotic plants from all over the world. Besides this, the garden has a very strict policy for cleanliness, e.g. use of plastic, littering and smoking is not allowed in the garden.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Howrah Bridge
  • Millennium Park
  • Prinsep Ghat
  • John's Church
  • Sundarban Houseboat
  • Marble Palace Kolkata
  • Victoria Memorial Hall

Timings: 10 am to 5 pm

Entry: Paid


3) Chambal Garden, Kota

It is located on the banks of the Chambal River at Amar Niwas in Kota, Rajasthan, India. It is a lush green garden that offers a mesmerizing view of the sparkling Chambal Lake. Besides this, there is a pond in the garden where you can see plenty of gharials. There is a suspension bridge over the pond to cross it and the facility of boating to view the fish-eating gharials closely.

List of Major Gardens in India

The garden was a royal site for the kings of Kota to relax and rejuvenate. Today it is a perfect place for tourists, nature lovers, and botanists who want to study plant species. Besides this, one can spend time here with family or friends amidst tall trees, green shrubs and colourful flower buds. Besides this, one can spend time here with family or friends amidst tall trees, green shrubs and colourful flower buds.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Godawari Dham Mandir
  • Gandhi Udyan
  • Lakshman Jhoola
  • Ram Mandir
  • Shakti Mandir
  • Dadabadi Digamber Jain Nasiaji

Timings: 10 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid


4) Lalbagh Garden, Bangalore

Lalbagh is located in the south of Bangalore and is one of the oldest botanical gardens in India. It is not only a popular tourist attraction in South India but also a world-famous site for study and conservation of plants and to explore the natural beauty.

List of Major Gardens in India

It is spread over 240 acres of land and is home to over 1800 species of plants, and an aquarium, and a lake. Hyder Ali planned to establish this garden in 1760 and its construction was completed by his son Tipu Sultan. A flower show is held every year in the famous glass house. The planned routes and arrangement of flowers and glasshouses add to the beauty of this garden.

The rare species of plants of Afghani, Persian, and French origin are grown in the garden. The king Tipu Sultan planted imported trees here that he brought from different countries. Besides this, it houses a lot of birds such as Parakeets, Myna, Crows, Pond Heron, Common Egret, Brahminy Kite, and Purple Moor Hen.

Main Attractions at Lalbagh Botanical Garden:

  • Glass House: It is made of glass and iron and houses some of the rare plants. A flow show is held at this house twice in a year that allows visitors to see some of the exotic flowers and plants brought and grown here from all over the world.
  • Lalbagh Rock: It is the main attraction of this garden. It is a national geological monument that was brought and placed in the garden by the Geological Survey of India. It is the oldest rock in the world.
  • Floral Clock: It is a natural clock consist of flower plants and shrubs and has a diameter of 7 meters.
  • Lalbagh Lake: It is a natural lake beside the garden. It has the boating facility and offers a perfect picnic spot beside the lake to relax and rejuvenate with family or friends.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Chikka Tirupati Temple
  • Dodda Ganapathi Temple
  • Infant Jesus Shrine
  • Bull Temple
  • Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum
  • Cubbon Park
  • M Chinnaswamy Stadium

Timings: 6 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid, free for children


5) Brindavan Gardens, Mysore

Brindavan Garden is located below the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam across the Cauvery River at a distance of around 20 km from the city of Mysore. It is one of the best terrace gardens in the world that is laid down in three terraces and ends in a horseshoe shape.

List of Major Gardens in India

It is spread over an area of 60 acres. It was constructed by the Diwan of Mysore, Mirza Ismail in 1932. The garden is divided into two parts; north and south. The Cauvery River splits the north and south parts of the garden. The garden remains open on all days from 6 am to 8 pm.

The garden is known for its symmetrical design of well-manicured grass, flowerbeds, ornamental plants and trees. Its main attraction is colourful, illuminated water fountains or fountain show that starts after the sunset. Besides this, it offers the boating facility for the visitors. The Brindavan garden has four main parts namely Main Gate, North Brindavan, South Brindavan, and Children's Garden. After entering the garden through the main gate, a rose garden can be seen on both sides.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Krishnaraja Sagar Dam
  • Venugopala Swamy Temple
  • Mysuru Palace
  • Balmuri Falls
  • Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
  • Planet Earth Aquarium

Timings: 6 am to 8 pm

Entry: Paid, free for children


6) Rock Garden, Chandigarh

It is located in sector 1 of Chandigarh near Sukhna Lake, which is also a popular tourist spot. The speciality of this garden is that it is made up of waste materials. It has lots of sculptures and art pieces that are entirely made of waste materials and discarded items such as light fixtures, terracotta pots, broken lights, bulbs, toilet pots, glasses, bangles, tiles, ceramic pots, electric waste, broken pipes, etc. Besides this, it also has artificial interlinked waterfalls and water bodies.

List of Major Gardens in India

Rock Garden is designed and established by Nek Chand in 1957 single-handedly in his spare time. It is spread over a land of 40 acres. It is also called Nek Chand's Rock Garden to honour its founder. Initially, Nek Chand was secretly building this garden but after few years in the month of February in 1973, it was accidentally found by Dr S.K Sharma soon thereafter in June 1973, Dr M.S Randhawa the then chief commissioner of Chandigarh suggested to preserve this garden in its present form. Consequently, the Rock Garden was inaugurated in 1976.

At present, around 5000 visitors come here daily to see and admire the amazing artwork. There is also a Doll museum inside the Rock Garden. It was inaugurated to mark the second death anniversary of Nek Chand by V.P. Singh Badnore. It contains 200 rag dolls made of waste cloth by Neck Chand in the 1970s.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Capitol Complex
  • Smriti Upavan
  • Sukhna Lake
  • Rose Garden Chandigarh
  • Panjab University
  • ISKON Temple Chandigarh
  • Butterfly Park

Timings: 9 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid


7) Pinjore Garden, Panchkula

It is located at Pinjore in Panchkula, Haryana at a distance of 22 km from Chandigarh on the Ambala-Shimla highway. The garden is spread over 100 acres of land. Originally, it was constructed by Nawab Fidai Khan of Patiala Dynasty in the 17th century. Later, it was reconstructed by Maharaja Yadavindra Singh of the princely state of Patiala. So, it is also known as Yadvindra Garden in his memory.

List of Major Gardens in India

Its attractive features include well-maintained green landscapes, water fountains, and water bodies. Besides this, it has Shish Mahal, Hawa Mahal, Rang Mahal and the Jal Mahal that provides the garden with a royal look.

A mango festival is held every year during Baisakhi in this garden. It also has a mini zoo, a Japanese garden, a nursery and picnic spots. It is also believed that the Pandava also stayed here for a short duration during their exile. The evening is the best time to visit this garden as the entire garden lit up after sunset that makes it more mesmerizing.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Rock Garden Chandigarh
  • Sukhna Lake Chandigarh
  • Rose garden Chandigarh
  • Mansa Devi Temple
  • Bhima Devi Temple

Timings: 7 am to 10 pm

Entry: Paid


8) Lodi Garden, Delhi

It is one of the major gardens in Delhi that is spread over an area of 80 acres and is located beside the Safdarjung Tomb and Khan Market of Delhi. The tombs of Sayyid dynasty ruler Mohammed Shah and king of Lodhi dynasty Sikander Lodhi are present in this garden. Besides this, it also houses the Sheesh Gumbad and Bara Gumbad. At present, it is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

List of Major Gardens in India

Formerly, it was known as 'Lady Willingdon Park'. After India got independence it was renamed. The combination of tombs and lush green landscape of garden is most liked by the visitors. The nearby people come here for morning and evening exercises and jogging.

Its construction started in the 15th century under the Lodhi reign. It was built by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah as a tribute to Mohammad Shah. The architecture of this place is a mixture of Sayyidis and Lodhis artwork and reflects Delhi's memorable history. It offers both greenery and history together.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Gandhi Smriti
  • Khan Market
  • Rashtrapati Bhavan
  • Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
  • Humayun's Tomb
  • Qutub Minar

Timings: 6 am to 7:30 pm

Entry: Free to all


9) Mughal Gardens, New Delhi

It is also known as the soul of the Presidential Palace as it is located in the Rashtrapati Bhawan Complex in New Delhi. The garden was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for Lady Harding in 1917. It covers an area of 13 acres and is a symbol of Mughal architecture with a mix of British style. It features a large variety of blooming flowers.

List of Major Gardens in India

More than 150 species of rare and endangered flowers are grown here including daffodils, hyacinth, tulips, Asiatic lilies, etc. Its construction and design are inspired by the Mughal Gardens of Jammu and Kashmir. The garden remains open for the visitors during a specific time of the year more specifically during the annual festival called Udyanotsav, which is organized in the month of February or March.

The garden features Mughal style canals, fountains and terraces. It is divided into 3 parts, one is rectangular in shape, the second one is long, and the last one has a circular shape. These are known as Pearl garden, butterfly garden, and a circular garden, respectively.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Vijay Chowk
  • Rajpath
  • Gandhi Smriti
  • Birla Mandir Temple
  • Gurudwara Rakab Ganj
  • Talkatora Garden
  • Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum
  • National Museum

Timings: Check online before visiting as it keeps changing

Entry: Free


10) Nishat Bagh, Srinagar

It is a terraced Mughal garden located to the east side of the Dal Lake at a distance of 11 km from the Srinagar city centre, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is the second-largest Mughal garden in the Srinagar after Shalimar Bagh. Its design and layout are based on Persian architecture.

List of Major Gardens in India

It is nestled amidst mountains and natural water bodies. The sunset view of Dal Lake beneath the snow-clad Pir Pinjal Mountain is very fascinating. The Zabarwan Mountains offer an amazing backdrop for photography. 

In the middle of the garden, a water channel is flowing that divides the garden into two sections and has water fountains and is bordered by tall chinar trees.

Nishat Bagh was constructed by Asif Khan, the elder brother of Nur Jehan in 1633. It offers amazing backdrops for photography, the garden floor is carpeted by green grass and multi-coloured flowers and trees like chinar, Cyprus, almond, etc.

Besides this, the Nishat Garden is known for its 12 terraces decorated with flowers like lilies, roses, etc. Each terrace represents a zodiac sign.

Nearby Places to Visit:

  • Dal Lake
  • Shalimar Bagh
  • Tulip Garden
  • Hazratbal Shrine
  • Chashm-E-Shahi

Timings: 9 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid


11) Ooty Botanical Gardens, Ooty

It is located on the lower slopes of the Doddabetta peak near the Coimbatore in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is built over 22 hectares of land and is divided into several parts and has a terraced layout.

List of Major Gardens in India

Toda hill in the garden, which is also called Toda mund, represents the lives and cultures of Todas, a tribe of the Nilgiris. It also houses a fossil tree trunk that is around 20 million years old.

It is maintained by the Horticultural Department of Tamil Nadu. At present, the garden has five sections or parts, which are as follows:

  • Lower Garden: It comprises entrance, fern house and lawn. Fern house that contains over 100 species of fern including an exclusive collection of orchid varieties.
  • New Garden: It has rose garden, natural ponds, flower beds, carpeted national and state emblem.
  • Italian Garden: It is laid out in an Italian style.
  • Conservatory: It showcases flowering plants and marshland for marsh plants.
  • Nurseries: This section has eight houses and terraces for the cultivation of plants.

Furthermore, a flower show is organized here as a part of the Summer Festival in Ooty. In this festival, you can see different varieties of flowers, ferns, and orchids.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Upper Bhavani Lake
  • Stephen's Church
  • Toy Train
  • Tea Museum
  • Union Church
  • Tribal Research Centre
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • Elk Hill Murugan Temple
  • Second World War Memorial Pillar
  • Holy Trinity Church

Timings: 7 am to 6: 30 pm

Entry: Paid


12) Shalimar Bagh, Srinagar

It is located amidst the sublime beauty of Kashmir on the outskirt area of Srinagar City, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is connected to the Dal Lake through a channel. It is also known as Farah Baksh and Faiz Baksh. It is also regarded as the "Crown of Srinagar." It is laid out attractively and is the largest garden in the valley with the view of sparkling waters of the Dal Lake.

List of Major Gardens in India

Shalimar Bagh was built in 1619 by Jahangir for his beloved wife Nur Jahan. It shows the standard craftsmanship of Mughals in the field of horticulture. The entire garden is carpeted with lavish green grass. It also has fruit trees such as almonds, and walnuts. As of now, it is maintained and managed by Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Department.

Main attractions:

  • Chini khanas located behind the waterfalls, this area is lighted with oil lamps at night that makes waterfalls more attractive.
  • Light and sound show that is held in the evening.
  • Divided into three terraces each has its own beauty and speciality.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Dal Lake
  • Nishat Bagh
  • Shalimar Bagh

Timings: 9 am to 7 pm April to October

10 am to 5 pm November to March

Entry: paid


13) Pilikula Botanical Garden, Mangalore

It is situated at Vamanjoor area in Mangalore city Karnataka, India. It is developed over 80 acres of land in which more than 50000 seedlings that belong to 235 different species are being planted. Pilikula was constructed under the Indo Norwegian Environment programme to protect the plant species in the Western Ghats from urbanization and human invasion.

List of Major Gardens in India

A greenhouse is set up in the garden for the rare endangered plant species of Western Ghats including a nursery to protect the plants and to attract the tourists. The nursery also acts as a source of income. The plants are distributed at low prices to promote gardening and cultivation of trees. Furthermore, around 28 species of Bamboos are developed including different species of Canes at this garden.

The garden also has 6 acres of land where medicinal plants are cultivated and often visited by botany and Ayurveda students to study different species of plants with medicinal properties. You can also see aquatic ponds with plants of lilies and lotus.

Nearby places to visit:

  • New Mangalore Port, Mangalore
  • Panambur Beach Mangalore
  • Tannirbhavi Beach Mangalore

Timings: 10 am to 6 pm in summers;
9:30 am to 5:30 pm in winters

Entry: Paid


14) Company Gardens, Allahabad

It is located on the Panna Lal road behind the Allahabad Museum in Allahabad city of Uttar Pradesh. Formerly, it was known as the Alfred Park during the British colonial era. It was built to honour the Prince Alfred's visit to the city. It is a public garden spread over 133 acres of land covered with lots of shady trees and blooming shrubs and a huge George V and Victoria. Children come here for recreational activities and the elderly for morning and evening walk.

List of Major Gardens in India

This garden has witnessed an important incident related to the freedom struggle of India. The famous freedom fighter of India, Chandra Shekhar Azad sacrificed his life here under a tree to avoid being captured by British police. A statue of Azad is built and placed at the place of his sacrifice. The park remains open for public from morning to evening without an entry fee.

Main Attractions:

  • Chandra Shekhar Azad Memorial.
  • Victoria Memorial, a large structure made of Italian limestone.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Rani Victoria Tomb
  • Samadhi Richard Sahab
  • St Josephs Cathedral
  • Allahabad Museum

Entry: Free


15) Lumbini Gardens, Bangalore

The Lumbini garden is situated on the banks of the Nagawara Lake in the Bangalore city of Karnataka, India. The garden is devoted to Lord Budhha and is stretched along the Nagawara Lake up to a length of 1.5km. The 1.5 km long track is decorated with sculptures and a wide range of flowers and trees.

List of Major Gardens in India

The green landscape, plants, trees and lake including water fountain attract everyone. In the evening, it is illuminated with lights that make its environment very mesmerizing. Lumbini Garden also allows people to host events here such as birthday parties, marriage ceremonies, corporate events, etc.

Main attractions:

  • Boating facility: It offers various boating rides and options in the lake.
  • Amusement park: It has a large wave pool that looks like a man-made beach in the city that does not have a real any real beach. It also offers many dry and water amusement rides.
  • Waterfront: It is a waterfront garden that offers a beautiful walking track away from the hustle and bustle of the city.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Mary's Basilica
  • ISKCON Temple Bangalore
  • Malleswaram
  • Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum
  • Infant Jesus Shrine
  • M Chinnaswamy Stadium

Timings: 11 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid


16) Ooty Rose Garden, Ooty

It is located on the slopes of Elk Hill in Ooty, Tamil Nadu. It is also known by different names that include the Nootrandu Roja Poonga, the Jayalalithaa Rose Garden, and Centenary Rose Park. It was established in 1995 to honour the Centenary Flower Show. The garden is maintained by the Horticulture Department of Tamil Nadu.

List of Major Gardens in India

Ooty Rose Garden is a perfect place for the nature lovers and botanists who want to study different species of flowers. It has a large number of rose species with different sizes and colours. Besides this, a flower show is held in the peak flowering season from March to June. Visitors are also allowed to buy roses and bouquets for their friends or loved ones.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Elk Hill Murugan temple
  • Upper Bhavani Lake
  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • Avalanche Lake
  • Stephen's Church
  • Thunder World
  • Second World War Memorial Pillar
  • Tea Museum

Timings: 8:30 am to 6 pm

Entry: Paid


17) Auroville Botanical Garden, Tamil Nadu

It is located at the Auroville town in Tamil Nadu. The construction of Auroville Botanical Garden started in the month of August in 2000. It is spread over an area of 50 acres of old cashew land. The garden also serves as a site for the research work related to environment-friendly approaches for land management including environmental education.

List of Major Gardens in India

The Auroville botanical garden was built to protect the vanishing tropical dry evergreen forest of the Coromandel Coast located in South India and to conserve the genetic diversity in the plants in different climatic conditions.

In 25 acres of this garden, more than 310 tree species are being planted and over 5000 samples have been planted in 10 acres of this land. Besides this, it also has a plant nursery with the capacity of producing 50,000 seedlings per year to conserve and promote the native flora of this region.

Structure of the garden:

The garden is divided into six sections that are as follows:

  • Area of infrastructure: It is spread over 5 acres of land of the garden on the western side. This area has seed centres, environmental education facility, and other buildings such as laboratory, herbarium, and accommodation facilities for the visiting students and teachers.
  • Formal gardens: It covers 2 acres of the garden. It has ornamental plant groups and small gardens of ferns, cactuses, butterflies, and medicinal plants.
  • Conservation gardens: They are built for the conservation of heritage vegetable seeds. It is also used to demonstrate organic practices and drip irrigation techniques.
  • Arboretum: It is the largest section of the garden that covers 25 acres of land and houses over 300 different species of trees and shrubs brought here from different parts of the world with similar climate as that of this region.
  • Tropical Dry Evergreen Forest (TDEF) Conservation Area: It is spread over 10 acres on the eastern side beside a large forest sanctuary area. Here, the visitors can see the natural vegetation of the area that is close to extinction in the forest.
  • Plant nursery: It covers one acre with a capacity of producing around 50,000 plants per year, which are planted in the gardens and sold to projects that are looking for drought-resistant species of plants.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Verudaraja Perumal Temple
  • The Rock Beach
  • Pondy Biking Tour Centre
  • Matrimandir
  • Verudaraja Perumal Temple
  • Seaside Promenade
  • Ayurveda Medicine Class

Visiting Time: It remains open on all days of a week from 10 am to 5 am.

Entry Fee: Rs. 20 for an adult, and Rs. 5 for a child.

Best time to visit: Between October to March.


18) Chashme Shahi Garden, Srinagar

Chashme Shahi is located at the foothills of Zabarwan Mountains at a distance of 8 km from Srinagar. It is spread over 4000 square meters of land and is the smallest Mughal garden in the city. Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan planned to build this garden for his son, Dara Shikoh. Thereafter, on his command, it was constructed by his governor Ali Mardan in 1632.

List of Major Gardens in India

Earlier it was known as Chashme Sahibi in the memory of a famous female saint Rupa Bhawani, who was also known as Sahibi. She had discovered the natural spring around which this garden has been built.

The main attraction of this garden is its natural spring of freshwater that contains minerals. It is a terraced garden with three terraced landscapes that are carpeted with greenery and sprinkled with colourful flowers. The water flows from the upper terrace to the lower terrace in the form of a series of man-made water bodies and aqueducts called chadars. On the uppermost terrace, a double-storey hut has been built at the source of the natural water.

The garden is bordered with Chinar trees and different fruits that further enhances its charm and beauty. The spring is bordered by a red-walled baradari or bara dari, which is square-shaped pavilion or structure with 12 doors; three doors on each side to allow the free flow of air.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Pari Mahal
  • Dal Lake
  • Char Chinar
  • Nishat Garden

Visiting hours: The garden remains open on all days except Friday from 8 am to 7:15 pm.

Best time to visit: From April to October.


19) Tulip Garden, Srinagar

Tulip Garden is the largest tulip garden in Asia that is spread over an area of around 74 acres at Srinagar District in Kashmir. It was established in 2007 to promote floriculture and tourism in Kashmir Valley. It is built on a sloping ground in a terraced manner.

List of Major Gardens in India

Although it is a tulip garden, other species of flowers are also grown here such as daffodils, hyacinths, and ranunculus, etc. In the Tulip Summit that was held in Canada in 2017, it was listed among the top five destinations in the world. It is also known as Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden.

To make the visitors' visit more comfortable it also offers various facilities such as free Wi-Fi, washrooms for differentially abled people, drinking water points, food stalls, and more. Besides this, outside the garden visitors can find various shopping kiosks to buy traditional handcrafter items as a souvenir and food stalls to savour Kashmiri cuisines.

Main Attractions:

  • Annual Tulip Festival: It is held in spring between March and May based on the blooming time of flowers.
  • Large Varieties of Tulips: A large number of varieties of tulip can be seen at this place including the rare variety of tulip, Queen of the Night and other popular varieties such as double blooms, parrot tulip, fringed tulip, single late tulip, fosteriana tulip.
  • Dal Lake View: It offers a stunning view of Dal Lake.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Dal Lake
  • Pari Mahal
  • Chashme Shahi Garden
  • Shalimar Bagh
  • Nagin Lake
  • Mughal Garden
  • Shalimar Bagh
  • Hazrarbal ( a sacred shrine for Muslims)

Timings: The garden remains open from 9 am to 7 pm.

Entry Fee: Rs. 50 for an adult and Rs. 25 for children.

Best time to visit: March to May or during the tulip festival that is organized by the govt. of J&K.


20) Mehtab Bagh, Agra

Mehtab Bagh is located beside the River Yamuna close to the Taj Mahal in the Agra city of Uttar Pradesh. It is the last Mughal garden in the series of 11 gardens that were planned to be built by Babur on the eastern bank of Yamuna.

List of Major Gardens in India

It has a square shape in the form of a char bagh complex (four compartment design). It was built by Babur in the 16th century. It is also called Moonlight Garden as the Urdu meaning of mehtab is moonlight. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan used to view the Taj Mahal from this garden. So, it was also known as a moonlight pleasure garden in the past.

Main attractions:

  • Reflection pond: The main feature of the garden is a large octagonal pond towards the south of the garden. The image of Taj Mahal is formed on its water surface after reflection.
  • Stepped waterfall: It is present on the north side of the garden. The reflection pond is fed by the water of this pond.
  • Sandstone domes: The octagonal domed tower is made of red sandstone. A large water tank is built on the east of the garden. Aqueduct present on the west of the garden feeds the garden.
  • Baradaris: These structures are constructed on the west and east side of the garden.

Besides this, camel ride is available right outside the garden and plenty of shops to buy souvenirs related to local arts.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Taj Mahal
  • Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb
  • Chini ka Rauza
  • Agra Fort

Timings: 6 am to 7 pm.

Entry Fee: For adults Rs. 15 per head; for foreign visitors Rs. 100 per person, for children it is free.

Best time to visit: November to March; early in the morning or during sunset to enjoy the spectacular view of the sun.


21) Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar

Jallianwala Bagh is located beside the Golden Temple in the city of Amritsar, Punjab. It is a public garden that is well-known among the people as it had witnessed one of the most tragic incidents in the history of India while India was fighting for its independence. This incident happened on 13 April 1919 when a troop of British army opened fire on a peaceful gathering of unarmed Indian. So, this tragedy is known as the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

List of Major Gardens in India

Today, it has been converted into a historical tourist spot as a sign of respect to those innocent people that had been massacred here on the occasion of the Punjabi New Year on 13 April 1919. It is a memorial of national significance, which makes it one of the most visited historical places in Amritsar. There is a well inside the garden into which people jumped to save their lives form the bullets of the British army.

The architecture of Jallianwala Bagh:

At present, the garden houses the flame of Liberty (Amar Jyoti) memorial that was inaugurated on 13 April 1961 by the first prime minister of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad. It consists of a central pillar that is 30 feet in height and stands at the centre of a shallow tank. It is made of red sandstone and 300 slabs that are embossed with the Ashoka Chakra. At four corners of the tank, four stone lanterns have been built. On the four sides of the pillar, you can see an inscription "In memory of martyrs, 13 April 1919."

At present, Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust maintains the garden. Although it is converted into a beautiful park, the structures related to the massacre are still there preserved in their original form inside the premises of the garden.

Major attractions in the Jallianwala Bagh:

  • A portion of the wall with bullet marks.
  • The martyr's well into which people jumped to save their lives.
  • A semi-circular veranda that represents the spot from where the British army opened fire on the people.
  • Flame of Liberty (Amar Jyoti)
  • Martyr's Gallery or a museum that is set aside the garden and showcases pictures, paintings and artifacts.
  • Sound and Light Show in the evening in which the voice is provided by the famous Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachhan.

Nearby Places to Visit:

  • Golden Temple
  • Akal Takht
  • Gurudwara Baba Atal Rai
  • Gurudwara Guru Ka Mahal
  • Durgiana Temple
  • Jama Masjid Khairuddin
  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum
  • Gobindgarh Fort

Best Time to visit: October to March as summer months may be very hot.

Timings: 6:30 am to 7:30 pm every day, time may vary depending on the season

Entry fee: Free for everyone


22) Jawaharlal Nehru Botanic Garden, Sikkim

Jawaharlal Nehru Botanic Garden is located in the foothills of Eastern Himalayas, close to the Rumtek Monastery on the Highway in Sikkim, India. It was established in 1987 with an aesthetic appeal and serene beauty that consist of rare plants and trees' species and various species of flowers including the Himalayan Orchids and dense Oak forest.

List of Major Gardens in India

Besides this, more than 50 different species of trees are grown in the garden including one lakh ornamental plants and oak varieties that offer a platform for botany students to study plants. The huge varieties of the plants is due to the varying altitude that ranges from 1800 to 2200 meters. Here, you can find a combination of temperate and tropical plants. At present, it is maintained by the Forest Department of the Govt. of Sikkim.

Main Attractions:

  • A large greenhouse in which a large number of verities of Orchids are grown.
  • A small recreational section for children that comprises swings, see-saw, merry-go-round.
  • A picturesque lake is located at the edge of the garden where people can enjoy boating amidst serene ambiance.
  • It also serves as an ideal picnic spot for the locals and tourists.

Nearby Places to visit:

  • Rumtek Monastery: It is the largest monastery in the Sikkim which is famous for sacred practices and rituals of Karma Kagyu Lineage that are performed by monks.
  • Enchey Monastery: It is around 200 years old monastery in the northeast of Gangtok.
  • Ranka Monastery: It is located in a small village, Ranka in Gangtok. It is also called Lingdum monastery.
  • Tsomgo Lake: It is a beautiful glacial lake.

Facilities available:

  • Washroom facilities
  • Food is available
  • Camera is allowed
  • Lockers are available

Best time to visit: From March to late May when the garden bursts with blooming flowers of different colours, and from October to Mid-December when one can catch an unmatched view of surrounding mountains and snow-covered mountains.

Entry: Paid


23) Lloyd's Botanical Garden, Darjeeling

Lloyd's Botanical Garden is located at a distance of one kilometre from Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Station in the beautiful city of Darjeeling, West Bengal. It is spread over 40 acres of land in the form of terraced lands, rolling slopes that houses tall trees, lush green grass including various species of endangered and exotic species of plants and trees. The garden was established in 1878 in order to preserve the rare species of the native flora of the Himalayan region of Darjeeling.

List of Major Gardens in India

It was named after William Lloyd, the owner of Lloyd's bank during the British rule in India. The land required to construct this garden was gifted by him as a gift to construct one of the best gardens of Asia. The land was given to Ashley Eden who was the secretary to the Govt. of Bengal.

To honour Ashley Eden, hospital Eden Sanatorium was built above the garden and named after him. However, the garden was constructed under the supervision of Sir Gorge King the then superintendent of the garden.

Botanical garden Darjeeling has three distinct sections that include an upper section which contains Darjeeling Himalayan vegetation; the middle section that houses a large number of varieties of alpine trees, fern and conifers and the lowest section that houses weeping willow.

Main attractions:

  • Green house: It contains more than 140 species of cactus and succulents.
  • Orchadium: It houses over 2000 orchids including 50 rare varieties.
  • Fossil trees: Two fossil trees can be seen in the garden that have been brought here from China.
  • Medical Garden: It contains a large number of varieties of plants with medicinal properties.
  • Rock Garden: A rock garden is also built in the garden.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Chowk Bazaar
  • Central Plaza Market
  • Liliput Bazaar
  • Judge Bazaar

Timings to visit: 6 am to 5 pm daily.

Entry fee: Free for all


24) Gulab Bagh, Udaipur

Gulab Bagh, which is also known as Sajjan Niwas Garden, is located beside the banks of Pichola Lake on the Lake Palace Road in Udaipur, Rajasthan. It was constructed by Maharana Sajjan Singh in the 1850s. However, its boundary was constructed in 1885 and the garden was divided into different parts.

List of Major Gardens in India

It is the largest garden of the Rajasthan that is spread over an area of 100 acres. It is famous for its numerous varieties of roses, and due to this, it is also known as Gulab Bagh or Rose Garden. Apart from roses, it also houses other varieties of flowers and trees. You can see various species of mangoes, grapes, mulberry, pomegranate, litchi, wood apple, Arjun trees, bananas, etc., in the garden.

Besides this, the trees are provided with their name plates with English, Hindi, and Botanical Names. The highlight of this garden is the arrangement of rose flower beds and the lotus pond. The people of Udaipur usually come here to relax, unwind and enjoy the natural beauty of this garden.

Main attractions:

  • Toy train and zoo: It has a toy train and a zoo within its premises, so children can also have fun while spending time with their parents.
  • Saraswati Bhawan Library: It was constructed by Maharana Fateh Singh. Here, you can find books related to archaeology, history, Indology, history, etc.
  • Museum: Earlier, it was known as a Victoria Hall Museum. It has a collection of royal household items, ornaments, antiques, relics, etc.
  • Kamal Talai: It is a man-made, oval-shaped artificial water body located towards the north-eastern corner of the garden. There are also four bridges that are connected to each other.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Pichola Lake
  • Vintage car museum
  • Pala Ganesh temple

Timings: 8 am to 6 pm.

Entry: Paid


25) Sims Park, Coonoor, Tamil Nadu

Sims Park is situated to the north of Coonoor railway station in Tamil Nadu. Its altitude from the mean sea level (MSL) is around 1800 meters and is spread over 30 acres of land. The credit for the establishment of this garden goes to the efforts of early European settlers. However, it was inaugurated in the month of December in 1874 with the support and efforts of Mr J.D. Sim, who was the then secretary to Major Murray the then superintendent of the Nilgiris forests. So, the park was named after J.D. Sim.

List of Major Gardens in India

Initially, the garden was a pleasure resort for the visitors but now it has been converted into a botanical garden to allow people, students, and teachers study the various species of exotic plants of economic and environmental importance. It showcases ethnic trees, creepers, shrubs that are brought here from different parts of the world.

Main attractions:

  • Annual fruit and vegetation show.
  • Rudraksha tree (the bead tree)
  • Queensland Karry pine ( a popular ornamental tree)
  • A glass house where ornamental plants are being grown.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Pasteur Institute
  • Pomological Station
  • Silk Worm Seed Station

Timings: 9 am to 6 pm

Entry: Paid


26) Malampuzha Garden, Kerala

Malampuzha Garden is located at Malampuzha town 15 km away from Palakkad district on the front side of the Malampuzha Dam, Kerala. It is spread over foothills of the Western Ghats close to the Malampuzha Dam reservoir built on Malampuzha River. The garden contains tall trees, flower beds, grasslands, and artificial water bodies. This place is also known as the Vrindavan of Kerala.

List of Major Gardens in India

Besides this, it also has the only rock-cut garden in South India made by Neck Chad who is the creator of the rock garden Chandigarh and a Padmashree awardee. The rock garden is made up of waste materials and broken things such as broken tiles, used plastic cans, unused bangles, broken electrical appliances, etc. It has lots of green lawns covered with flower beds. The garden including the dam is lightened at night on weekends, public holidays and other special occasions.

Main attractions:

  • A huge Malampuzha Yakshi, which is a female vampire was built in 1969 by Kanayi Kunhiraman, a famous sculptor from the state. It is an outstanding representation of art that adds immense value to the garden.
  • A ropeway is available that takes you across the garden offering an aerial view of flowering beds, rose garden, water fountains in the garden.
  • Children park with a toy train, a mini zoo, and an aquarium.
  • A huge reservoir, a swimming pool, a canal can be found in the Malampuzha Gardens.
  • A swimming pool that remains open from 9 am to 6 pm with all the security measures.
  • Boating facility is available for the visitors in the backwaters of the Malampuzha dam.
  • A canal is flowing through the centre of the garden with 2 hanging bridges to cross it.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Fantasy Park
  • Malampuzha Rock Garden
  • Kava
  • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve
  • Tipu Sultan Fort
  • Kovai Kutralam Water Falls
  • Dhoni Waterfalls
  • Kovai Kuttralam

Facilities available in the garden:

  • Food court
  • Washrooms
  • Pure drinking water
  • Dam top safari
  • Shopping court
  • Wheelchair
  • Security personals

Timings: 9 am to 8 pm (all days of the week)

Entry: Paid


27) Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur

It is located next to Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur city of Rajasthan. It was established in 2006 by the Mehrangarh Museum Trust in order to restore the natural ecosystem of the large, rocky wasteland. It is spread over 170 acres of land around the Mehrangarh fort. Today, it is one of the prime attractions of the city for tourists, nature lovers and geologists.

List of Major Gardens in India

Although it was built in 2006, it was opened for visitors in 2011 when it was ready with real terrain and vegetation of Rajasthan in its natural environment. The park is divided into various sections where visitors can see rock and crystal formations, natural canals, different types of rocks, and native plants and animal species at this place. Small shops and café are also available in the park. The park has also contributed to the restoration of the historical monuments of this region.

The park is named after Rao Jodha, a ruler that built the Mehrangarh fort in the middle of the 15th century. In the past, it was covered by baavlia ( Prosopis juliflora), a thorny shrub that was brought here from central America almost a century ago. So, there was a need to eradicate the baavlia so that space could be created for native plants. Eradication of this weed was very difficult, but somehow the government managed to get rid of this shrub.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Udai Mandir
  • Umaid Bhavan Palace
  • Masuriya Hill Garden
  • Kaylana Lake

Timings:

  • 7 am to 6:30 pm from April to September
  • 8 am to 5:30 pm from October to March

Entry: Paid


28) Bund Garden, Pune

Bund Garden is located on the right bank of Mula-Mutha River next to Fitzgerald Bridge at a distance of two kilometres from the Pune Railway Station. It is named after a dam called bund, which is constructed across the Mula-Mutha River. The objective of the construction of this garden was to transform the wasteland into a luxurious garden.

List of Major Gardens in India

Bund Garden is constructed by Jamshedji Jeejebhoy. It is also known as Mahatma Gandhi Udyan as it has a bridge that is built across the river up to the Gandhi National Memorial. The garden is known for its well-designed jogging track where you can see people of all ages walking, jogging and running amidst the serene environment of the garden.

The garden offers you a quiet and scenic place where you can spend time in the lap of Mother Nature. Besides this, there are plenty of food junctions around the garden where you can taste the bhel puri, panni puri, sandwiches, ragda patty, etc., at reasonable prices.

Main Attractions:

  • The facility of horse rides, magic shows and boating on the backwaters of the Mula Mutha river
  • A separate section for children where they can play see-saws, swings and other rides.
  • Well maintained Jogging track for the people who want to lose extra fat and stay fit
  • Fitzgerald Bridge that offers a pleasant view of the surroundings
  • During the winter season, it is occupied by migratory birds that come here to protect themselves from the extremely cold weather of their native place

Nearby places to visit:

  • Royal Connaught Boat Club
  • Darshan Museum
  • Paul Anglican Church
  • Nucleus Mall
  • Raja Dinkar Kellar Museum
  • Pataleshwar Cave Temple
  • Trishundha Ganpati Temple
  • National War Museum
  • Chaturshrungi Temple
  • Mulshi Dam

Timings: 6 am to 8 pm

Entry: Paid


29) Blossom Park, Munnar

Blossom part is located close to the Pallivasal hydro-electric project around 3km far from Munar town in Kerala. It is spread over 16 acres of land and is known for its natural beauty that comprises fresh flowers, lush green landscape, Muthirappuzha River, migratory birds, and mountain butterflies. Besides the natural beauty, it also has artificial waterfalls and lawns with lots of facilities for the visitors.

List of Major Gardens in India

This park is situated close to beautiful Muthirappuzha River and misty Kannan Devam hill Tea Estates. The view of the Western Ghats and Kannan Devan Hill Tea Estates is another highlight of Munar park.

A flower show is conducted in the season of monsoons that showcases a large number of varieties of flowers. A play section has been built for children provided with swings and ropeways. The best time to visit the park is from December to February when the park is carpeted by greenery. Littering is not allowed in the park, touching or picking the flowers is also prohibited.

Major Attractions:

  • Trekking is allowed that offers you the chance to explore the place.
  • Boating is another fun activity in the park on the serene waters of Multhirappuzha River.
  • Roller skating, bird watching, and badminton court are available in the park.
  • The facility of a campfire with background music is also available for the tourists.

Nearby Attractions:

  • Elephant Arrival Spot
  • Floriculture Centre
  • The Christ Church
  • High Range Club
  • Rose Garden
  • Echo Point

Timings: 9 am to 7 pm

Entry: Paid


30) Nature Park, YelaGiri

Yelagiri Nature Park is built on the hilltop beside the Punganoor Lake and covers around 12 acres of land. It is constructed by Govt. of India in 2008, so it is also known as the Government Herbal Farm. The park comprises lots of bamboo houses and poly houses and an aquarium that contains a large number of fish species and tortoises.

List of Major Gardens in India

There are lots of things in the park that enhances its beauty such as its fascinating scenery that attracts a large number of tourists and various deep u-shaped turns that one see while traveling from the base of the hill to its highest point.

Main Highlights:

  • Musical fountain show with multi-coloured lights in the evening
  • Bamboo house and poly houses
  • Artificial waterfall with a bathing facility
  • Fish aquarium
  • A perfect place for a picnic as homemade food is allowed in the park.

Nearby places to visit:

  • Velavan Temple
  • Swami Malai Murugan Temple
  • Yelagiri Lake
  • Punganoor Lake

Timings: 7 am to 8 pm

Entry: Paid






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