Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Types of Engineering

When it comes to the study, engineering is considered as one of the broadest fields. There are enormous numbers of colleges and universities offering various engineering courses. One can easily get admission either in Government College or Private College. According to interest and skills, it is essential to select the appropriate engineering branch to ensure a happy and successful engineering career.

Engineers form the basis of development and pave the way for development. The skills and duties of engineers may vary depending on the type of engineering branch they choose.

There are more than 200 types of engineering, here we have listed some popular types of engineering courses in which a person can enroll:

  • Computer Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Software Engineering
  • Design Engineering
  • Network Engineering
  • Quality Engineering
Types of Engineering

Computer Engineering

Computer engineering is the most popular type of engineering that includes different computer science and electronic engineering fields. Computer engineering is mainly used for developing computer software and hardware products.

A computer engineer is usually the person responsible for managing and maintaining an enterprise network, who also works in software and hardware design and development. Typically, a small organization employs a single computer engineer to manage a wide range of computer science tasks. Besides, a large organization may have many computer engineers specializing in specific areas depending on its needs.

Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is another most popular branch that deals with the design and construction of physical infrastructure or naturally built environments, such as dams, airports, roads, bridges, and other large infrastructure projects. Besides, this type of engineering also covers the maintenance of such infrastructure components. Civil engineering is considered one of the oldest branches of engineering discipline; it has existed ever since people started living in permanent settlements and arranging their environments to suit their needs.

A civil engineer is primarily responsible for the development and maintenance of major public construction components. A civil engineer coordinates several groups to maintain a set time for the project and avoid overages or low-quality builds.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is one of the broadest engineering branches that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of mechanical systems (such as machines). This type of engineering is generally known for combining engineering physics and mathematics with material science.

Mechanical engineers use various tools to design, develop, build, and test mechanical devices. This can include everything from small battery athletic equipment to medical equipment and personal computers, air conditioners, automobile engines to electrical power plants. They deal with almost everything that moves, from components to machines to the human body. As in almost all major industries, machinery is used either as a final product or during the production process. Mechanical engineering is one of the most widely applied engineering fields.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is a kind of engineering that deals with devices or systems based on electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Electrical engineering is considered one of the newer branches of engineering discipline; however, it emerged in the late 19th century. This type of engineering is generally spread across different specialties, such as robotics, laser and electro-optics, speech, acoustics, signal processing to electromagnetic compatibility, geoscience and remote sensing, ultra-sonic, automobiles to vehicular technology, and frequency control system, etc.

Electrical engineers work in designing and implementing electric circuits and equipment. The main working may include multiple devices and systems, as small as microchips to huge power station generators. In most cases, an electrical engineer use designing software like CAD for designing plans and software programs. An engineer might also use different tools and software to identify the electrical system's errors and fix any unexpected problem.

Software Engineering

Software engineering is the detailed study of designing and maintaining software products using different well-defined scientific principles, techniques and methods. Software engineering includes the process of analyzing user requirements and then build a software product on time and within the budget. The demand for software engineering has significantly emerged as the use of computers is continually increasing.

Software engineers might work together as a team or individually, depending on the software project's requirements. The software projects may be designed for commercial sale or solely used within the company for performing internal operations. Software engineers are responsible for developing a new software product and working onto the existing company's software to add new features or changes. The field of software engineering includes everything related to software projects, from designing to coding to testing and debugging.

Design Engineering

Design engineering is such a type of engineering that deals with the designing of any product or system. Design engineering is a comprehensive type of engineering discipline as it may have roles of engineers from different fields like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, etc.

Typically, a design engineer works on designing software like CAD (Computer Aided Designs) to design a product structure. The product may vary from small equipment to huge machines to any other physical thing. Designer engineers require excellent knowledge of designing tactics and other technical knowledge to create effective and innovative designs that satisfy all rules and regulations, including the industry standards. Depending on the specialization area, the design engineer may also be called a CAD engineer, product design engineer, or consulting engineers.

Network Engineering

Network engineering is the detailed study of a technology that deals with the setup and maintenance of networks' connectivity in terms of data, voice, videos, and network services. Network engineering mainly includes the process of formulating, implementing, and executing the entire network structure within the enterprises.

A network engineer works on designing, configuring and setting up the network infrastructure. Additionally, a network engineer is responsible for maintaining the networks after they are configured as well as while they are in use. The network infrastructure may include various hardware components from a landline phone network to the satellite-based network. Depending on the specialization area, the network engineer may be tasked to connect these hardware components to a network and the software that powers the network.

Quality Engineering

Quality engineering is the area of learning the skills that deal with product and service quality assurance and control. This engineering-type mainly focuses on ensuring that the products and services are developed or designed to meet user expectations and needs. Quality testing and assurance is an essential part of any organization that import or export bulk products daily.

The quality engineer works on designing and monitoring the overall quality of the product and processes. They play a crucial role in finding and fixing the defects in products in a variety of industries. A quality engineer not only focuses on the quality of the product but also ensures that all staff is following the company's guidelines and making the product as per the specifications. Apart from this, quality engineers also focus on the company's production departments and ensure that the quantity of waste is minimized.


Next TopicCc vs. Bcc




Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now

Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Preparation


Trending Technologies


B.Tech / MCA