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Locating Strategies- (By Name)

In this section, you will learn how to locate a particular web element using the value of its "name" attribute.

Let us consider a test case in which we will automate the following scenarios:

We will create our test case step by step in order to give you a complete understanding of how to use Locators to identify and locate a particular web element.

Step1. Launch Eclipse IDE and open the existing test suite "Demo_Test" which we have created in earlier sessions of this tutorial.

Step2. Right click on the "src" folder and create a new Class File from New > Class.

selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name

Give your Class name as "Name_Test" and click on "Finish" button.

selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name

Step3. Let's get to the coding ground.

  • To invoke Firefox browser, we need to download Gecko driver and set the system property for Gecko driver. We have already discussed this in earlier sessions of this tutorial. You can refer "Running Test on Firefox Browser" to learn how to download and set System property for Firefox driver.

Here is the sample code to set system property for Gecko driver:

  • After that we have to initialize Gecko Driver using Desired Capabilities Class.

Here is the sample code to initialize gecko driver using DesiredCapabilities class.

Combining both of the above code blocks, we will get the code snippet to launch Firefox browser.

  • After that we need to write the code which will automate our second test scenario (navigate to the desired URL)

Here is the sample code to navigate to the desired URL:

The complete code till now will look something like this:

Step4. Now we will try to locate the desired web element by using the value of its "name" attribute. In Selenium, locating a particular web element involves inspection of its HTML codes.

Follow the steps given below to locate the Text box on the sample web page.

selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name
  • It will launch a window containing all the specific codes involved in the development of the text box.
selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name
  • Pick the value of name attribute i.e. "firstName".
selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name

The Java Syntax for locating a web element using its name attribute is written as:

Therefore, for locating the text box on the sample web page we will use the value of its name attribute as:

Step5. To automate our third and fourth test scenario, we need to write the code which will click on the Text box and type the desired values on the text box.

Here is the sample code to click on the Text box and type values as "Selenium Tutorial".

Thus, our final test script will look something like this:

The following screenshot shows the Eclipse window for our test script.

selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name

Step6.

Right click on the Eclipse code and select Run As > Java Application.

selenium webdriver Locating Strategies By Name

Upon execution, the above test script will launch the Firefox browser and automate all the test scenarios.






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