Selenium WebDriver- Running test on Firefox Browser- Gecko (Marionette) Driver
In this section, we will learn how to run your Selenium Test Scripts on Firefox Browser.
Before proceeding with this section, let us first understand the basics of Gecko Driver.
What is Gecko Driver?
The term Gecko refers to Gecko browser engine which was developed by Mozilla Foundation as a part of Mozilla browser.
Gecko Driver serves as a link between your tests in Selenium and the Firefox browser. It acts as a proxy between W3C WebDriver-compatible clients (Eclipse, Netbeans, etc.) to interact with Gecko-based browser (Mozilla Firefox).
Marionette (the next generation of FirefoxDriver) is turned on by default from Selenium 3. Selenium uses W3C Webdriver protocol to send requests to GeckoDriver, which translates them into a protocol named Marionette. Even if you are working with older versions of Firefox browser, Selenium 3 expects you to set path to the driver executable by the webdriver.gecko.driver.
Note: Selenium 3 has upgraded itself to now launch Firefox driver using Marionette driver instead of the default initialisation supported earlier.
Let us consider a test case in which we will try to automate the following scenarios in Firefox browser.
We will create our second test case in the same test suite (Demo_Test).
Step1. Right click on the "src" folder and create a new Class File from New > Class.
Give your Class name as "Second" and click on "Finish" button.
Step2. Open URL: https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases in your browser and click on the appropriate version for GeckoDriver download based on the operating system you are currently working on. Here, we are downloading the 64bit version of GeckoDriver for windows.
The downloaded file would be in zipped format. Unpack the contents in a convenient directory.
Before writing the test script, let us first understand how we can initialize GeckoDriver in Selenium. There are three ways to initialize GeckoDriver:
1. Using Desired Capabilities
First, we have to set the system property for Gecko Driver.
Below is the code to set gecko driver using DesiredCapabilities class.
Here is the complete code:
2. Using marionette property:
Gecko Driver can also be initialized using marionette property.
The code for Desired Capabilities is not required for this method.
3. Using Firefox Options:
Firefox 47 or later versions have marionette driver as a legacy system. Thus, marionette driver can be called using Firefox Options as shown below.
Step3. Now it is time to code. We have embedded comments for each block of code to explain the steps clearly.
The Eclipse code window will look like this:
Step4. Right click on the Eclipse code and select Run As > Java Application.
Step5. The output of above test script would be displayed in Firefox browser.