Difference between Black Tea and Green Tea
Tea is one of the most popular drinks across the world which comes in different varieties. The two varieties which are widely consumed across the world are black tea and green tea. Though both the varieties are obtained from the leaves of the same plant (Camellia sinensis), there are significant differences between them. Let us see how black tea differs from green tea!
It is a fully oxidized tea which has strong aromatic flavour and high caffeine content. To produce the black tea, the whole leaves of tea plant are cut at peak freshness and allowed to wither naturally to reduce the amount of water in the leaves. Then the leaves are kept in a room to let them dry and oxidize completely by a process called fermentation. In other words, after harvesting, the leaves are withered, crushed and oxidized to produce black tea. The fermentation changes the chemical composition of the tea leaves: The leaves become dark and develop their characteristic strong aroma and bold flavour.
The production of green tea begins in the same way as black tea. The main difference lies in the duration of fermentation. The green tea leaves are allowed to wither slightly then they either pan-dried, oven-dried or steamed to prevent oxidation. As the leaves don't undergo fermentation, they retain the green colour and the lighter, grassy or earthy taste.
Furthermore, green tea contains the antioxidant called EGCG which has medicinal properties so green tea can be used to treat various diseases. It also contains caffeine which is a stimulant, so helps improve brain function, concentration, and elevates mood.
Based on the above information, some of the key differences between black tea and green tea are as follows: