Difference between CIDR and VLSM
The internet's exponential growth over the last 20 years exposed flaws in the original IP protocol. CIDR and VLSM provide additional flexibility in creating sub-networks. The terms CIDR and VLSM are expressly utilized to create a network. CIDR is utilized for combining routes to reduce the routing data carried by the core routers. On the other hand, VLSM aids in optimizing the available address space. CIDR is the inverse of VLSM in that it defines rules for referencing a group of networks using a single route statement. On the other hand, VLSM specifies rules for subdividing networks.
In this article, you will learn about the difference between CIDR and VLSM. But before discussing the differences, you must know about CIDR and VLSM with their advantages and disadvantages.
What is CIDR?
CIDR is an abbreviation for "Classless Inter-Domain Routing". It is a collection of Internet Protocol standards that are utilized to generate unique IDs for networks and single devices. IP addresses allow specific data packets to be sent to specified computers. It is an IP address assignment technique that enhances address distribution efficiency. It is also referred to as supernetting and replaces the previous approach based on classes A, B, and C networks. Several unique IP addresses may be defined utilizing a single CIDR IP address. CIDR IP addresses are the same as regular IP addresses, except they end with a slash that is followed by a number.
When compared to classful addressing, there is no waste of IP addresses in CIDR because only the number of IP addresses requested by the user is assigned to the user. The collection of IP addresses is known as Block in CIDR.
CIDR follows both CIDR notation and Slash notation. CIDR notation is represented as x.y.z.w /n, and the x.y.z.w is an IP address, and n is the mask or number of bits that are utilized in network id.
How does CIDR Works?
CIDR IP addresses are composed of two groups of numbers, often referred to as groups of bits. The network address is the most essential of these groupings and is utilized to define a network or sub-network (subnet). Some of the bit groups are the host identifier, and the host identifier is utilized to define which host or device on the network must be receiving incoming data packets.
Unlike classful routing, which categorizes addresses into one of three blocks, CIDR permits internet service providers (ISPs) to be assigned blocks of IP addresses. The blocks are subsequently divided and assigned to consumers of the supplier. In IPv6, a CIDR block is usually given 64 bits to describe network addresses.
Characteristics of CIDR
It dynamically assigns IP addresses based on the user's requirements utilizing the CIDR blocks and certain rules. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) assigns the CIDR block. The CIDR block has IP addresses and several rules. Some rules of CIDR are as follows:
Advantages and Disadvantages of CIDR
There are various advantages and disadvantages of CIDR. Some advantages and disadvantages of CIDR are as follows:
What is VLSM?
VLSM is an abbreviation for "Variable Length Subnet Mask". It is a mechanism for allocating host space of different sizes between networks by dividing a network into numerous subnetworks. It was primarily created to provide greater flexibility for creating a network using several masks.
In other terms, it is a mechanism for applying numerous subnet masks to a given class of addresses over a routed system. Previously, it was not possible because they (such as RIPv1protocol) didn't support the subnet mask of listed networks in their routing updates. As a result, they cannot learn the existence of multiple mask lengths.
Classless routing protocols such as OSPF, IS-IS, RIPv2, EIGRP, and BGP enable VLSM implementation by integrating the subnet mask for the networks announced in routing updates. VLSM also supports several subnet masks inside the same network address space, which is known as "subnetting a subnet". Previously, network utilization was restricted to only/26 masks throughout the system.
How does VLSM work?
Routing protocols have always necessitated that a single network utilizes the same subnet mask. VLSM permits networks to have various subnet masks if the routing protocol used on the network supports it. VLSM also deviates from convention by using the first and last subnets, which were generally reserved to avoid confusion when the network and subnet had the same address. When it is completed, VLSM offers eight useable subnets, each of which may serve 30 hosts.
Implementation of VLSM
In VLSM, subnets utilize block size based on the need, so subnetting is needed multiple times. Suppose an organization has four Classes with different needs, including Class A needs 110 hosts, Class B needs 55, Class C needs 25, and Class needs 5.
Class A: 110 hosts
Class B: 55 hosts
Class C: 25 hosts
Class D: 5 hosts
If an organization has IP 192.168.1.0/24, Class wise IPs may be assigned by utilizing the following these steps:
Step 1: Choose a block size for every segment. This number should be larger than or equal to the total of the host, broadcast, and network addresses. List all possible subnets:
Step 2: Arrange all of the segments in descending order based on the block size needed, from highest to lowest.
Step 3: Assign the suitable subnet mask to every subnet. Determine the highest IP that is available and assign it to the highest need. Therefore, there are 192.168.1.0/25 have 126 valid IP addresses that may be assigned to the 110 hosts needed by Class A. The subnet mask utilized is 255.255.255.128.
Step 4: The next phase necessitates an IP address capable of supporting 55 hosts. The IP subnet with network number 192.168.1.128/26 is the next highest and may be allocated to 62 hosts, fulfilling the development department's needs. The subnet mask utilized is 255.255.255.192.
Step 5: Similarly, the next IP subnet 192.168.1.192/27 may meet the needs of Class C because it includes 30 legitimate hosts' IP addresses that may be allocated to 25 hosts. The mask utilized is 255.255.255.224.
Step 6: The final section needs 5 legitimate hosts' IP addresses, which may be fulfilled by utilizing the subnet 192.168.1.224/29 with the mask 255.255.255.248. The IP with the mask 255.255.255.240 may be selected, but it contains 14 valid host IPs, and the need is less, so the equivalent one is selected.
Advantages and Disadvantages of VLSM
There are various advantages and disadvantages of VLSM. Some advantages and disadvantages of VLSM are as follows:
Key differences between CIDR and VLSM
There are various key differences between CIDR and VLSM. Some of the key differences between CIDR and VLSM are as follows:
Head-to-head comparison between CIDR and VLSM
Here, you will learn head-to-head comparisons between CIDR and VLSM. The main differences between CIDR and VLSM are as follows:
The CIDR enables the aggregation of many networks into a single address, which is accomplished through the use of a routing table entry that describes the network aggregation. On the other hand, the VLSM aids in the creation of a hierarchy of subnets of varying sizes from an IP address space.
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