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Difference between HTML and XML


HTML is the common language for the various scripts, applications, and technologies to generate a web page. All web pages have a fundamental structure thanks to HTML. The most recent version of HTML in use right now is HTML5.

So, let's talk about how HTML and HTML5 vary from one another. To grasp the distinctions between HTML and HTML5, we must first understand what HTML is.

Difference between HTML and XML

In HTML, "Hypertext Markup Language" is denoted. After reading this detailed explanation of HTML, we certainly want to know what hypertext markup language is.

To better understand markup language, let's first discuss HTML and HTML5's similarities before examining their distinctions.

Describe HTML:

Difference between HTML and XML
  • HyperText Markup Language, or HTML, is what it means. Tim Berners developed it to make it possible to generate electronic or web pages.
  • The pages are related using hyperlinks. Everything on the internet is written in a language known as HTML. Web pages can include both text and graphics thanks to HTML. HTML has undergone multiple versions, the most current of which is HTML5.
  • It provides web development projects with direction and a basic appearance by acting as the framework for those projects.
  • The foundation of HTML is tags and attributes. Tags are represented by angle brackets (>), whereas quotations denote attributes.
  • As an example

Since p is a paragraph element in this instance, the text-align attribute correctly aligns with the content. The tag with a slash (/) at the end represents the element's end.

HTML needs to be more unconcerned with the circumstance. When codes are written syntactically, they are error-free and easy for the machine to comprehend. The written files are kept with a ".html" extension and are accessible with any text editor.

HTML Features

  1. The language is simple to pick up. Anyone may pick up the codes and edit them.
  2. Web pages may be created using HTML since it includes many tags.
  3. It makes it possible to build websites with unique content.
  4. Thanks to the offered links to other websites, it is possible to navigate.
  5. Enabling the addition of images, videos, and music greatly improves the appeal of the websites.
  6. Operating systems are not required. It functions identically on Windows, Mac, Linux, and other operating systems.

Benefits of HTML

  1. It is an easy-to-learn Markup language that is widely used.
  2. There is no additional software needed, and it is free to use.
  3. Extra software is optional because many codes create in text editors like notepad.
  4. Programmers may incorporate several visualizations thanks to the Canvas element (canvas).
  5. Programs with the capacity to cache can store large files.

The drawbacks of HTML

  1. It took a lot of work to handle a lot of the code required for pages.
  2. HTML alone cannot guarantee the authenticity of a page. For it, JavaScript and CSS are necessary. Using HTML as the only technology results in static pages.
  3. Dynamic page creation is challenging. HTML is used to create static pages.

Explain XML:

Difference between HTML and XML
  • Extensible Markup Language is referred to as XML.
  • Data is stored in XML as opposed to HTML, which is used to display it.
  • Unlike HTML, which is used to display information, XML is intended to store information.
  • Transferring data is routinely done using it. Since it is a markup language, humans and machines can easily comprehend it.
  • Hardware is not a factor in XML.
  • With XML, we may use elements and develop customized markup languages.
  • Users can create their tags since XML tags are self-descriptive.
  • The W3C developed XML 1.1 in 1996, which is the most recent version.
  • Like HTML tags, XML tags are written within angular brackets (>).


  • XML is used to enclose the data in the tags. The previous example shows that the Data tag contains Allyn Walter's data. The Name, Email, and Contact tags offer contact details, names, and emails. Because of this, data may be transferred between different mediums.
  • In XML, the case makes a difference. The codes saved with the.xml extension may be read, written, and modified using any text editor.

Features of XML

Difference between HTML and XML
  1. Data storage is facilitated by XML by storing information in plain text format. This is easier to access than database storage formats.
  2. XML files are easier to transmit when utilizing tools that cannot display other data formats.
  3. It is now possible for people who are blind or have other disabilities to access data because XML is compatible with reading machines.
  4. May enlarge XML. Users may use any language to create self-descriptive tags based on the application's needs.

Benefits of XML

  1. Transporting and storing data is simple.
  2. The text is supported in Unicode and several languages.
  3. Simple to program and learn.
  4. The accessibility of data is improved.
  5. Switching between platforms is much easier.
  6. Due to its independence from hardware and software, ability to preserve data in plain text, and ability to be both, data transfer is comparatively simple.

The drawbacks of XML

  1. Data types with intrinsic properties are not supported.
  2. The redundant syntax is utilized.

HTML vs. XML: Differences

A new markup language and internet-friendly features are included in an upgraded version of HTML5. The HTML language does not support video and audio. Video and audio may both be handled by HTML5.

As a hypertext markup language (HTML), the primary language used to build web pages, HTML and HTML5, are fundamentally unlike one another (HTML).

Here are some of the main differences between HTML and HTML5, based on different standards: Key Points HTML XML
1 Casing There is no regard for the case. Sensitive to the circumstances.
2 Tags There are predefined tags in HTML. Users can use the tags to build web pages as needed. In XML, users may create tags. Users can use any language that satisfies their needs to create tags.
3 Purpose The data must be demonstrated or displayed as its primary goal. Its primary goals are the storage and transportation of the data.
4 Errors Small errors are not noticed. Must fix Errors because they prevent data from being sent or stored properly.
5 White Spaces White spaces are not allowed in HTML. In XML, white spaces are acceptable.
6 Object Support Native object support is available in HTML. The attributes of an object must be used to express it in XML.
7 Ending Tags There must be a closing or ending tag on every tag. Some tags don't have an ending or closing tag, such as <br>, <hr>, <img>, etc.
8 Document Size Because HTML publications frequently contain structured language and short syntax, they are frequently lower in size. A document in XML has a large file size because of the intricate coding and formatting techniques.
9 Formating Choice The data and the application are connected directly. Translating XML data to the application requires a lot of work and needs to be more straightforward.
10 Learning Learning Since there is no other technology, HTML is incredibly simple to understand. HTML, however, serves to display the data itself. XML is relatively difficult to use since it necessitates understanding technologies like XML DOM (Document Model Object), XPath (XML Path), Schema, etc., to comprehend and arrange the data in the XML document.
12 Integration of JavaScript JavaScript code may be processed directly into an HTML document without extra software. The Document Object Model is necessary for processing JavaScript codes and mapping (DOM).

The Conclusion:

The markup languages for data are XML and HTML. Notably, both originated from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) and may directly or indirectly reply to browser queries using AJAX.

HTML merely displays data, but XML saves and transmits data from one system to another. Even though they both employ markup languages, they operate very differently. Since they are the core and necessary parts of every website and application, learning HTML and XML is important.

Questions and Answers

Question 1: Which format, XML or HTML, should be preferred?

Answer 1: It depends on your objectives. If displaying material is your main objective, HTML is recommended. When sharing or transmitting data, however, XML provides browsers with greater flexibility and power than HTML if the data is particularly dense.

Question 2: What connection is there between XML and HTML?

Answers 2: The acronyms for extensible markup language (XML) and hypertext markup language (HTML), respectively, are used. To emphasize specific web page elements, they are both markup languages that both people and robots may use.

Question 3: Is XML used for the front or back end?

Answer 3: Neither the front end nor the back end is XML. This markup language is utilized by a website or application to store and send data.

Question 4: Is XML compatible with HTML?

Answer 4: Yes. The element allows XML codes to be included in HTML documents.

Question 5: Is XML still in use today?

Answer 5: Yes. JSON is XML's main competitor in parsing data for the browser since XML has more expressive properties and validation. Therefore, despite JSON's popularity, XML is still in use.

Question 6: What are some of XML's benefits over HTML?

Answer 6: A few advantages of XML over HTML include its ability to separate data from HTML, make platform modifications easier, and allow for the creation of flexible tags.

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