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Difference between sauce and ketchup

Now let's understand the main difference between sauce and ketchup in detail. Most people generally consider sauce and ketchup the same, but it's not. When it comes to hunger and eating something, we add some extra flavour to add taste to our food in the form of sauce and ketchup. They are the children's first choice as they found it yummy and flavourful even though some children couldn't eat their meal without ketchup and sauce. Today the trend of fast food loved by everyone is complete with sauce and ketchup.

What is sauce?

The sauce is a flavoured and seasoned thick liquid added to food to enhance its flavour, and it can be sour, sweet, spicy or savoury. The sauce is considered a dressing agent or toping to food, an agent that adds zest or piquancy to food. Sometimes sauce adds various features to food and becomes part of the main dish or accompanies the food being prepared.

The word sauce is derived from the Latin word salsas, which means "salted". According to food historians, the sauce was initially developed for various purposes in cooking also. Firstly it was used as a meat tenderizer to increase its taste. The sauce is a semi-liquid or liquid condiment that enhances the moisture, flavour and aesthetic or visual appeal of food. All over the world, sauce is considered an important food item that can be eaten with savoury dishes and desserts.

Types of sauces

Difference between sauce and ketchup

In broadening, way sauces are defined in ten distinguished ways such as:

  1. Brown sauce: The brown sauce comprises a meat stock base and comes in a dark brown hue. This sauce can be thickened by boiling or simmering process. It is mostly used in foreign countries mainly to enhance the flavour of food in French cuisine. Some brown sauces are:
    • Steak sauce
    • Bordelaise sauce
    • Demi-glace
  2. Butter sauce: Butter sauces are made with melted butter as a main ingredient having creamy and thick consistency in light colours. These sauces are best paired with seafood and meat dishes. Some butter sauces are: beurre blanc and meuniere sauce.
  3. Sweet/dessert sauce: These are most common worldwide and an important part of many delicious and stunning sweet dishes. Some sweet or dessert sauces are caramel sauce, cranberry sauce, chocolate sauce etc.
  4. Fish or seafood-based sauce: These sauces are made from fish or other seafood with enhancing flavours like oyster sauce, fish sauce and worcesterishire.
  5. Mayonnaise family sauce: Of the world, mayonnaise sauce is known as mother sauce which derivative with additional flavours is available in the market, such as mayonnaise, tartar sauce, and hollandaise sauce.
  6. Meat-based sauces: Made from the meat with other ingredients to form a thick or thin sauce eaten with other foods. Examples of meat sauces are amatriciana sauce and Bolognese.
  7. Tomato-based sauces: When we hear about the sauce, our mind sticks to tomato sauce or tomato-based sauce. Some tomato-based sauces are taco sauce, tomato sauce, and marinara sauce.
    Difference between sauce and ketchup
  8. Chilli/hot sauces: Spiciness is also mandatory with the meals. Hence there are famous chilli and hot sauces such as sweet chilli sauce, mustard sauces and siracha.
  9. White sauces: It combines many sauces with a white or creamy texture. Some varieties of white sauce are veloute sauce and béchamel sauce.
  10. Other sauces include varieties different from the above-defined categories: cocktail sauce, barbeque sauce and soy sauce.

What is ketchup?

Difference between sauce and ketchup

Ketchup, pronounced as ketchup and spelt as catchup or catsup, is widely used worldwide. It is a cold, thick, red sauce made from ripened tomatoes, vinegar, and salt-sugar, cinnamon, onion, garlic, various flavours etc. The word ketchup is derived from Chinese ke-tsiap (a pickled fish sauce) or the Malaysian word ketchup and made its way to various countries like Indonesia, the UK, Australia etc.

"Ketchup is a kind of sauce made specifically with tomatoes with added flavours."

Process of making ketchup

There are various brands of ketchup in the market with different formulas (may vary in the amounts of spices or flavouring). The ketchup formula can be adjusted according to the growing condition and type of tomatoes because the acid and sugar content of tomatoes also changes. Making ketchup follows a process such:

a) Developing quality is the first step in making ketchup, where developers seek the best quality tomatoes for their products. Tomato variety should be superior in colour, flavour texture and yield, and this consistency should be maintained to attain the same flavour and colour of the finished product.

b) Preparation of tomatoes

Best seasonal tomatoes are harvested for ketchup then they are sorted, washed and chopped-they are then precooked or scaled and preserved in stainless steel vats and destroy bacteria.

c) Pulping

The preserved tomatoes are placed into the cyclones that mash them up and further separate tomato skins, the seeds and the pulp and that pulp is filtered through a juicer. The filtered pulp makes ketchup and can be stored in the paste later.

d) Add ingredients and cooking.

The pulp is pumped and heated to boiling in large cooking tanks or kettles. If the fresh pulp is used in cooking tanks, then foaming occurs, but if not, anti-foaming compounds or compressed air are used. In this state, spices with onion and garlic (optional), sweeteners, vinegar, salt, and vinegar are mixed. The mixture is cooked for 35-45 minutes, and added salt and sugar. The cooking mixture is circulated by rotating blades installed in the cooking tanks. Temperature plays an important role in creating a good textured and flavour full mixture.

e) Finishing

Cooked ketchup mixture goes through a finishing machine that removes access fibre and particles through screens and results in a smooth consistency ketchup. Smoother consistency is mandatory for further preparation; that is why it can be achieved by milling ketchup at higher temperatures and pressures.

f) Removing air

Growth of bacteria and ketchup discolouration can happen due to access air; therefore, air should be de-aerated.

g) Filling

The prepared is poured into the filling tanks or machines to prevent contamination at a temperature of less than 190o F. ketchup containers of different sizes and shapes are filled with ketchup and immediately sealed to retain the freshness of the product.

h) Cooling the paste

The prepared paste is cooled down properly using cold air and water to prevent flavour loss through stack burning.

i)Labelling and packing

At last, the prepared paste is packed in labelled ketchup containers containing product information like date, location/ address of manufacture, ingredients and shelf life. Before shipping, all the full bottles of ketchup are inspected.

j) Finally, the ketchup is dispatched for sale and reaches its consumers.

Note: The first major producer of ketchup was the Heinz Company, which created a savoury flavour of ripe tomatoes with a hint of sourness and sweetness in ketchup. Soon it becomes familiar to many consumers as it pairs well with a wide range of foods.

A key difference between sauce and ketchup

Difference between sauce and ketchup
Sauce Ketchup
The sauce is a semi-liquid or liquid consistency product that is served with savoury and sweet meals (food) to enhance moisture and taste Ketchup is more condensed tomato sauce served with fast food
It is served in hot and cold form It is always served in cold form
Hot sauce has various benefits, such as:
  • Help in weight loss
  • Pain relief
  • Halt cancer growth
  • Prevents tension
  • It's an old-school cure
  • Reduce the risk of developing heart disease and diabetes
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Improves digestion
  • It makes us feel good
Beneficial for health due to its main ingredient, tomato, having carotenoid lycopene compounds that have anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. Other benefits are
  • Fighting with reproductive disorders
  • Can promote heart health
  • Support consumer's brain
  • Act as antioxidant
  • Protect against cancer etc.
Some kinds of sauce can be allergic to some people and cause constipation, but the sauce has fewer side effects. With the benefits of ketchup, too much eating can show you some side effects because ketchup is high in sugar and salt. It exists in the category of acidic food and may be allergic to some people.
Made up of many different components prepared through a cooking It has tomato as its main ingredient and is a ready-made sauce sold in bottles and packets, sachets etc.

Finally, we can conclude that ketchup is a sauce, but all sauces can't be considered ketchup. Both have their flavour and tastes.

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