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Difference between Management and Administration

We have studied many business-related terms that are applicable in every office or organization. Many business terms like management, team-building, administration, etc., are used almost everywhere. So, what do management and administration mean? Well, in layman's language, management means the way a manager manages the company or an organization by distributing work to employees. On the other hand, administration means that how the business or an organization is running. These are the common definitions of management and administration. Let us look at the business-related meaning of these terms.


Management is defined as the process of administering an organization or a business. The manager can control or guide the employees to reach the tasks/ goals assigned to them. A manager is responsible for handling, guiding, and supervising the employees so that the organization runs smoothly and efficiently. Management is important for every company and organization as each department has to be managed differently. There are three significant kinds of management styles, i.e., autocratic management style, democratic management style, and laissez-faire management style. One of the important examples of management is how a CEO of the company manages all the departments differently.

Management vs Administration


The administration is the process of managing the responsibilities and duties provided to the employees. An administrator is responsible for the smooth and efficient running of an organization. He/ she also make sure that the employees work efficiently so that the company yields profit. Administrators are the intermediaries between employees and senior management. They help in motivating and inspiring the employees so that they can reach their goals. Some of the administrative skills include communication, multi-tasking, responsibility, time management, etc. Well, there are several differences between management and administration. So, let us discuss them.

1. Management is defined as the process of administering an organization. On the other hand, the administration is defined as the process of managing the roles and responsibilities provided to the employees.
2. A manager controls and guides the employees to achieve the tasks assigned to them. An administrator inspires and motivates the employees to achieve their goals.
3. Management can be considered as a skill wherein the people are organized, and the resources are put to work in an efficient way. Administration can be considered as a process wherein the policies are set up and followed.
4. The authority of a manager is from the lower to middle level. The authority of an administrator is only to the upper level.
5. A manager makes sure that the employees follow the policies. On the other hand, an administrator makes sure that the policy is effectively formulated.
6. A manager has an executive role. An administrator has a decisive role.
7. A manager works under an administrator. An administrator does not work under anyone; rather, he/ she has complete control over the activities.
8. A manager manages the work of the employees. An administrator is responsible for creating policies and following them.
9. Management is applied to business organizations. The administration is applied to several areas like government offices, enterprises, hospitals, educational organizations, etc.
10. A manager decides that who has to do the work and how they will do it. An administrator decides that what must be done and when it must be done.

So, these are some of the major differences between management and administration. It is essential to note that management and administration are significant parts of an organization. Now, let us look at some of the types of management and administration.

Types of Management

Management is essential in business organizations. The major types of management are:

  1. Strategic Management: Strategic management is defined as the management in which the manager's main focus is strategy formation. It is an executive function followed by the manager.
  2. Sales Management: A sales manager is responsible for managing the sales of a firm.
  3. Public Relations: A PR manager is a connecting link between the organization and the people.
  4. Marketing Management: A marketing manager is responsible for taking care of marketing strategies of brands and products.
  5. Operations Management: An operations manager handles the production of services and goods. Operations management takes care of retail management and manufacturing management.
  6. Supply Chain Management: A supply chain manager is responsible for giving a product from supplier to customer.
  7. Accounting & Financial Management: The role of a financial manager is to manage the finances and accounts of the company.
  8. Human Resource Management: The HR manager is responsible for hiring, training, rewarding, supervising, and compensating the performance of the employees.
  9. Project Management: A project manager plans, controls, and organizes the project of the company.
  10. Risk Management: A risk manager identifies the threats and risks related to the organization and suggests different ways to overcome them.
  11. Quality Management: A quality manager controls, plans, and assures the employees of a safe working environment.
  12. Design Management: A design manager is responsible for creating new designs for the products and brands launched by the company.

Types of Administration

1. Autocratic Administration: Autocratic administration is defined as the administration in which the administrator follows dictatorship. In this kind of administration, the administrator takes decisions and imposes them on the employees. The employees have to follow the orders of the administrators. Autocratic administration has the following characteristics:

  • Work under an autocratic administrator is completed on time.
  • Autocratic administration is result-oriented.
  • It affects the self-esteem of the employees.
  • It reduces the enthusiasm among employees.
  • It hinders the growth and innovation of the employees.

2. Democratic Administration: In democratic administration, the administrator follows the concept of democracy, i.e., he/ she believes in cooperation and sharing. The administrator is flexible and sympathetic towards the need of the employees. He/ she ensures that the employees have a safe working environment. The employees are respected and are given the authority to make decisions for themselves. Democratic administration has the following characteristics:

  • The employees enjoy freedom and liberty.
  • The employees make their own decisions.
  • The members of the organization work according to the decisions made by them.

3. Laissez-Faire Administration: In laissez-faire administration, there is no interference in the employee's matters. The employees do whatever they wish to do. There is complete freedom in the workplace. Decisions are solely taken by the employees. They work according to their will. Apart from the advantages, laissez-faire administration has certain disadvantages. They are:

  • The organizations can be in chaos and disorder.
  • The quality of work is reduced.
  • The employees do not practice professionalism.
  • The employees do not follow the rules and regulations provided by the organization.

So, these are the types of management and administration that are practiced in several organizations. Administration and management is an important part as it ensures smooth and efficient running of the organization. Thus, both management and administration play an essential part in business organizations.

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