Difference between Tundra and Desert
Desert and tundra are two types of biomes. Both the biomes experience less precipitation due to this they have a less diversity of flora and fauna as compared to other biomes like savanna, grasslands, chaparral etc. Let us see how they differ from each other!
Tundra is a biome with the snow-covered land. It is one the coldest and fiercest biome on Earth. Its average temperature is - 25 degrees centigrade. The summer is of very short duration in this biome with an average temperature of 10-degree centigrade.
It lies in the North of the Arctic Circle and in the Arctic peninsula in the southern hemisphere. The vegetation in tundra mainly comprises grasses and lichens with broad and shallow roots in order to support them during strong and icy winds. Harsh weather, the absence of soil and lack of nutrients make it a difficult place to survive. The animals that are commonly found in tundra include deer, caribou, mice, wolves, weasels etc.
Desert is the direst biome on the Earth. It receives very less rainfall which is usually less than 25 cm in a year. A desert biome can be of four types: hot and dry, semiarid, coastal and cold. The Sahara desert of Africa and sonorant desert of Arizona are hot deserts, whereas the Gobi desert in China and the Great Basin in the USA are cold deserts.
Deserts generally have less vegetation. The plants in deserts do not grow very tall and often adapted to store water in their stems, e.g. cactus. They also have reduced leaves to reduce the loss of water through transpiration. The animals in the desert usually live in burrows or under the rocks. They are more active during the night and remain underground during the day to stay cool.
Based on the above information, some of the key differences between tundra and desert are as follows: