Advantages of Python over Java
In the last few years, Python has made great progress. More than eight million developers use Java for developing applications. Both languages are capable of performing almost every task. Now, let's take a brief of both the languages and then understand the advantages of Python over Java.
Java is a concurrent, general-purpose programming language. It is a class-based and object-oriented programming language that follows the principle of WORA, i.e., "write once, run anywhere". Java is platform-independent and can run on each and every platform.
It represents real-world entities as an object-oriented programming language. It a dynamically typed language and carry out type checking at runtime. Unlike Java, Python is an interpreted language that executes the code line by line in the Python IDE(Integrated Development Environment).
1) Hello world Example
Let's take a simple example of the Hello world program to understand a basic difference between both of them.
From the above programs, it is clear that Python has less line of code as compared to Java.
As we already discussed above that Python is a dynamically typed language. It means that we don't need to define the type of the variable as it checks automatically by the interpreter at runtime. The Python code has become much more readable and simpler due to its design of "English-like".
Python doesn't use braces to make the code similar to that of pseudocode.
In Java, we have to declare the type of the variable explicitly because of the dynamic type nature it. In Java, the code will not compile even if a small irregularity present.
So, the syntax of Python is very simple and readable.
Let's understand some more differences based on the application, job opportunity, and salary.
3) Based on application
Let's understand the difference between Python and Java on the basis of Machine Learning, Data Science, and Web Development.
4) Based on Job Opportunity
Both the language has a different set of job opportunities. But it is worth noting that Python is making more progress than Java.
5) Based on Salary
From both of the language, Python is the highest-paid programming language. The average salary of Python developers can be higher, but it cannot explain all the factors of Python being preferred for engineers.