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Recursion in Java

Recursion in java is a process in which a method calls itself continuously. A method in java that calls itself is called recursive method.

It makes the code compact but complex to understand.

Syntax:

Java Recursion Example 1: Infinite times

Output:

hello
hello
...
java.lang.StackOverflowError

Java Recursion Example 2: Finite times

Output:

hello 1
hello 2
hello 3
hello 4
hello 5

Java Recursion Example 3: Factorial Number

Output:

Factorial of 5 is: 120

Working of above program:

factorial(5) 
   factorial(4) 
      factorial(3) 
         factorial(2) 
            factorial(1) 
               return 1 
            return 2*1 = 2 
         return 3*2 = 6 
      return 4*6 = 24 
   return 5*24 = 120

Java Recursion Example 4: Fibonacci Series

Output:

0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89 144 233 377




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