Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Compact Profiles Java 8

Java 8 was a ground breaking release for the Java platform, introducing a plethora of new features, with lambdas and the Stream API being the most prominent. However, one often overlooked feature is Compact Profiles, which provided a way to scale down the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to cater to different types of applications. In this section, we will delve into Compact Profiles in Java 8 and understand how they benefit developers.

Understanding Compact Profiles

Compact Profiles were introduced in Java 8 with the goal of making it easier to deploy Java applications on devices with limited resources. Before this feature, Java SE (Standard Edition) came in a single, large bundle. This was impractical for embedded systems, mobile devices, and other constrained environments.

Compact Profiles address this issue by providing a way to create customized JREs that include only the necessary modules for a particular type of application. These profiles are subsets of the full Java SE platform.

Types of Compact Profiles

In Java 8, three compact profiles were introduced:

Compact Profile 1 (for Embedded Systems):

  • This profile is designed for embedded systems with minimal resources.
  • It includes the core Java libraries and a small set of additional libraries.
  • It's suitable for applications running on devices with limited processing power and memory.

Compact Profile 2 (for Desktop):

  • Compact Profile 2 is a step up from Compact Profile 1.
  • It includes more libraries and is geared towards applications targeting desktop environments.
  • It provides a balance between resource consumption and functionality.

Compact Profile 3 (for Server):

  • This is the most comprehensive of the three compact profiles.
  • It includes a larger set of libraries, making it suitable for server-side applications.
  • It provides a richer set of APIs compared to the other profiles.

Creating and Using Compact Profiles

To create a custom JRE using a compact profile, you can use the jlink tool that comes with Java 8. This tool allows you to create a minimal JRE that contains only the modules required by your application.

Here's a basic example of how to create a custom JRE using Compact Profile 1:

In this example, we're including the java.base, java.logging, and java.xml modules. You can customize this list based on your application's requirements.

Benefits of Compact Profiles

  • Reduced Footprint:

By using compact profiles, you can significantly reduce the size of the JRE. This is crucial for applications deployed on resource-constrained devices or environments.

  • Improved Startup Time:

With fewer modules to load, applications using compact profiles tend to start faster compared to those using the full Java SE platform.

  • Better Resource Utilization:

The reduced footprint leads to more efficient use of system resources, which is crucial for devices with limited memory and processing power.

  • Simplified Deployment:

Compact profiles simplify the deployment process by allowing you to create custom JREs tailored to your application's specific needs.

Utilizing Compact Profiles in Development

1. Module System Benefits

Java 8 introduced the module system, which is a fundamental part of Compact Profiles. Modules enable developers to encapsulate code, define clear dependencies, and promote better maintainability. With Compact Profiles, you can leverage the module system to create a highly specialized JRE, ensuring that only the necessary modules are included.

For instance, in an embedded system, you might only require a handful of modules for basic functionality. By utilizing Compact Profile 1, you can construct a JRE that exclusively includes these essential modules, resulting in a significantly reduced footprint.

2. Customizing Profiles for Efficiency

One of the significant advantages of Compact Profiles is the ability to fine-tune your JRE for specific use cases. Consider an IoT device that needs to perform specific tasks efficiently. By crafting a custom Compact Profile tailored to the device's requirements, you can optimize both memory and processing resources. This precision engineering can result in improved performance and longevity of the device.

3. Managing Dependencies

Compact Profiles also aid in managing dependencies more effectively. In a modularized application, it's crucial to only include the modules that are directly needed, reducing the potential for conflicts or unnecessary resource consumption. Compact Profiles simplify this process by allowing you to explicitly define and include only the required modules, enhancing the modularity and maintainability of your application.

Compact Profiles in Java 8 offer a powerful tool for developers to create customized JREs that are tailored to the specific requirements of their applications. Whether you're developing for embedded systems, desktop environments, or servers, compact profiles provide a way to optimize resource usage and streamline deployment.

By leveraging compact profiles, developers can ensure that Java applications run efficiently on devices and environments with varying levels of resources, ultimately enhancing the overall user experience.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA