Java Program to Solve Quadratic Equation
In algebra, a quadratic equation is an equation that can be reordered in standard form. The standard form of a quadratic equation is ax2+bx+c=0. It is also known as the second-degree equation. In this section, first will discuss the quadratic equation after that we will create Java programs to solve the quadratic equation by using different approaches.
In the equation ax2+bx+c=0, a, b, and c are unknown values and a cannot be 0. x is an unknown variable. The formula to find the roots of the quadratic equation is known as the quadratic formula.
A quadratic equation has two roots and the roots depend on the discriminant. In the above formula, (√b2-4ac) is called discriminant (d). The value of d may be positive, negative, or zero.
If d is positive (d>0), the root will be:
If the value of d is positive, both roots are real and different. It means there are two real solutions.
If d is zero (d=0), the root will be:
If the value of d is zero, both roots are real and the same. It means we get one real solution.
If d is negative (d<0), the root will be:
If the value of d is negative, both roots are distinct and imaginary or complex. It means that there are two complex solutions.
Algorithm to Find the Roots of the Quadratic Equation
Step 1: Start
Step 2: Read a, b, c
Step 3: initialize d<-(b*b)-(4*a*c)
Step 4: initialize r<- b/2*a
Step 5: if d>0 go to Step 6, else go to Step 8
Step 6: r1=r+(sqrt(d)/2*a) and r2=r-(sqrt(d)/2*a)
Step 7: prints roots are real and distinct, first root r1 second root r2
Step 8: if d=0 go to Step 9, else go to Step 10
Step 9: print roots are real and equal, -r
Step 10: d=-d
Step 11: im=sqrt(d)/2*a
Step 12: print roots are imaginary, first root is r+i im, and the second root is r-i im
Step 13: Stop
Let's create a Java program and implement the above steps.