Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Difference Between OOP and POP in Java

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and Procedural-Oriented Programming (POP) are two fundamental programming paradigms that shape the way developers approach problem-solving and code organization. In Java, a versatile and widely-used programming language, both paradigms find their applications. In this section, we will discuss the key distinctions between OOP and POP in the context of Java.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP):

Object-Oriented Programming is a programming paradigm that revolves around the concept of "objects", which are instances of classes. It emphasizes the organization of code into objects that represent real-world entities, allowing for modular, reusable, and maintainable code. In Java, OOP is a central paradigm, and the language is designed from the ground up to support it.

In OOP, classes act as blueprints for creating objects. These classes define the attributes (fields) and behaviors (methods) of objects. Encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism are three key principles of OOP:

  • Encapsulation: Encapsulation involves bundling the data (attributes) and methods (functions) that operate on the data within a single unit, i.e., a class. This protects the data from unauthorized access and modification.
  • Inheritance: Inheritance allows one class to inherit the attributes and behaviors of another class. This promotes code reuse and the creation of hierarchical relationships among classes.
  • Polymorphism: Polymorphism enables objects to take on multiple forms, allowing methods to behave differently depending on the type of object they are called on. This enhances flexibility and code extensibility.

Procedural-Oriented Programming (POP)

Procedural-Oriented Programming, on the other hand, focuses on functions or procedures that operate on data. It involves breaking down a problem into a series of sequential steps and creating functions to perform each step. In this paradigm, data is typically global and accessible to all functions.

While Java is primarily an object-oriented language, it does support procedural programming as well. In fact, many early Java programs followed a procedural style before developers fully embraced the object-oriented nature of the language.

Aspect OOP POP
Core Concept Focus on objects and classes. Focus on functions and procedures.
Code Organization Organized around classes and objects. Organized around functions and procedures.
Data Accessibility Emphasizes encapsulation, data is accessed through methods. Data may be global and accessible to all functions.
Code Reusability Promotes code reusability through inheritance and polymorphism. Functions can be reused, but code is less modular.
Inheritance Supports inheritance for code sharing and extending functionality. Does not have inherent support for inheritance.
Polymorphism Allows polymorphic behavior, where methods can behave differently based on the object's type. Not a primary feature, as it's not cantered around objects.
Modularity Encourages modularity through classes and objects, promoting easy maintenance and updates. Modularity can be achieved through functions, but not as naturally as in OOP.
Real-World Modelling Well-suited for modelling real-world entities and relationships. Less intuitive for modelling real-world objects and their interactions.


The choice between Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and Procedural-Oriented Programming (POP) in Java depends on the nature of the project and the problem being solved. OOP excels in scenarios where modelling real-world entities and their interactions is crucial, while POP can be more suitable for straightforward, procedural tasks.

Ultimately, a proficient Java developer will leverage the strengths of both paradigms to create efficient, maintainable, and scalable solutions. Understanding the nuances of each paradigm equips developers with the versatility to approach programming challenges from different perspectives.

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA