Java Security Framework
While building an application, its security must be considered first. Every application is released over a network that is followed with a threat of security, privacy, and integrity risks.
As per the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP), the most important security risks are:
There are various frameworks available for making the application software's more safe, fast, easy, and successful. Some of the Java security frameworks are as follows:
1. JAAS (Java Authentication and Authorization Services)
JAAS is used as an API for securing the Java application. It includes a number of Java packages that are designed for authentication and authorization. JAAS was an optional package in Java SE 1.3 and afterward, it became a part of the JDK since version 1.4.
The authentication in JAAS is carried out in a pluggable manner. It allows the application to be free from basic authentication technologies.
2. Spring Security
Spring security is a framework that can be modified according to the requirements of the enterprise-based application. It overcomes the authentication and access control difficulties.
Authentication is the procedure of setting up that a predominant is who they declare to be (maybe a user, device, or a few different machines that can carry out an action for your application). Authorization is a system of determining whether or not a major can carry out an action inside your application.
3. Apache Shiro
Apache Shiro is taken into consideration as an exceedingly effective security framework for Java that plays cryptography, authorization, and session management on all styles of Java applications, irrespective of their size.
Shiro has been designed to be an intuitive and easy-to-use framework at the same time as nonetheless offering strong safety features. It is framework impartial and for this reason, can seamlessly work with any Java-supported framework.
HDIV is a Java Web Application Security Framework. It extends web application Security functionalities and keep the API and the framework specification.
It is widely used for programs constructed on Struts, Spring MVC, Grails, JSTL, etc. because it gives programmers much-wished transparency without including any complexities in the process of development of programs.
OACC is an application safety framework for Java designed for fine-grained (object level) access control. It specializes in presenting a completely featured API to each put in force and control a utility's authentication and authorization needs - it's far a complete implementation of an effective and flexible safety model.
OACC makes use of the abstraction of aid for the utility items being secured. This key abstraction allows OACC to offer a wealthy API that consists of the grant, revoke, and query capabilities for storing and coping with the application's security relationships.
All those frameworks defend the applications by providing the desired protection in phrases of authentication, authorization, information validation, consultation management, encryption, etc. Choose any of those frameworks relying on the privacy, protection, and integrity required on your application.