Java vs Kotlin
In 2017, Google announced Kotlin as its second official language of Android app development. Since then, Kotlin has seen a boom in its demand both in developer and enterprise community. Let?s see features of both java and kotlin and a comparison between the two.
What is Kotlin?
Kotlin was first introduced by Google at Google IO in 2016. Kotlin was developed by JetBrains and many other open-source contributors. The key features of this language is null safety and concise code. It can be used in front-end and back-end development.
Features of Kotlin
What is Java?
Java is an object-oriented general purpose programming language (though it is not entirely object-oriented as it contains primitive types). Java codes are platform independent meaning java codes can run on any platform which are supporting Java. There is no need of re-compilation of code. Java has become one of the most used languages for client-server applications. Java code are converted to bytecode which run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) irrespective of the computer architecture.
Java was initially developed by James Gosling. He developed it at Sun Microsystems which got later acquired by Oracle. Java was first released in 1995. The latest versions in use are java 11 and java 12.
Features of Java
The main reason why java came into existence was that the previously used C++ was a bit cumbersome and not very feasible for client-server applications. The following are the features which make java viable-
Java vs Kotlin
Kotlin is new in the market but still is giving a neck to neck competition to a veteran 'Java'. So, we will discuss what java has that kotlin does not and what Kotlin has which Java does not have.
What Java has that Kotlin does not
What Kotlin has that Java does not
Difference between Java and Kotlin
There is no doubt that Java is a very old and vastly used programming language and has variety of tools and libraries to facilitate it but it does not mean that it does not have flaws. Talking of this, Kotlin is new in market but Google is heavily investing on its development and has officially declared it as the programming language for Android application development. Developers and enterprises both are gradually shifting towards Kotlin.