Difference Between Set and Map in Java
In Java, Set and Map are two important interfaces available in the collection framework. Both Set and Map interfaces are used to store a collection of objects as a single unit. The main difference between Set and Map is that Set is unordered and contains different elements, whereas Map contains the data in the key-value pair.
In this section, we will discuss the Set and Map interface in detail also see the differences between them.
The Java.util package provides the Set interface. Set is implemented by extending the collection interface. It doesn't allow us to add the same element to it. It doesn't maintain the insertion order because it contains elements in a sorted way. For designing the mathematical Set, we use the Set interface in Java.
Let's implement the Set interface in a Java program.
Map is another important interface available in the Collection interface. So, in order to use the Map interface, we have to extend the Collection interface. Just like Set, Map is also used for storing collection of objects as a single unit. Each object is store in a key-value pair. We can easily access the value using just the key because each value is associated with a unique value.
If we need to traverse a Map, we have to convert it into Set because Map cannot be traversed. After converting it into Set, we can traverse it using the Set methods like keySet() and entrySet().
Let's understand how we can create a Map in Java by taking an example.
Difference Between Set and Map Interfaces
Both interfaces are used to store the collection of objects as a single unit. The main difference between Set and Map is that Set contains only data elements, and the Map contains the data in the key-value pair, so Map contains key and its value.
Now, let's understand some major differences between both of them.