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Which is Better Java or Python

The two most widely used programming languages are Python and Java. These are popular, high-level, general-purpose programming languages. Developers use Java to create desktop and online apps, while Python is used in the development of data science and machine learning applications. Choosing between the two is tough. This section will contrast Python with Java to see which is a superior programming language.

Which is Better Java or Python


Like C++, Java is an object-oriented language. However, its sophisticated and streamlined features set it apart from C++. You may access it for free. It is an independent, concurrent, class-based language. The following application kinds are best developed with Java as the programming language of choice:

  • Enterprise Solutions
  • Desktop Application
  • Embedded Systems
  • Middleware Applications
  • Scientific and Research Applications
  • Educational Software
  • Financial and Trading Applications
  • Healthcare Applications


Python is a high-level, object-oriented programming language. It reduces the line of code that also minimizes the cost of product maintenance. We use the Python programming language to develop the following types of applications:

  • Machine Learning Application
  • Operating System
  • Language Development
  • Games
  • Prototyping
  • Image Processing

Java Vs. Python

Python is a dynamically typed, interpreted programming language, which implies that variables don't need to be declared. However, because Java is a statically typed and compiled language, variables must be declared explicitly.

Python's beautiful syntaxes increase productivity and speed up the development of applications. Java has intricated, long, and difficult-to-remember syntax. Python is more productive than Java in part because it is somewhat shorter.

In Java, the implementation of code must be inside the class. While in Python, we simply start writing code.

Dimensions Java Python
Performance Faster Slower
Learning curve Difficult to learn Easy to learn
Typing Statically-typed Dynamically-typed
Verbosity Verbose Concise
Compiled/ Interpreted Compiled Interpreted
Object-oriented/ Scripting Language Object-oriented Language Scripting Language
Cross-Platform Yes Yes
Syntax Difficult to read and remember Easy to read and remember
Best for Enterprise, Embedded and Cross-platform application Artificial Intelligence, Data Science and Machine Learning
Line of Code More line of code Less line of code
Program Example
public class Simple
public static void main(String args[])
System.out.println("Hello Java");
print("Hello Java")
Exception Handling Managed using try-catch blocks Managed using try-except blocks
Example try {
// Code that may raise an exception
} catch (Exception e) {
// Handle the exception
} finally {
// Optional block executed regardless of whether an exception occurred or not
# Code that may raise an exception
except Exception as e:
# Handle the exception
Concurrency Supported through the use of threads and the java. util.concurrent package Supported through threads, processes, and asynchronous programming
Syntax Requires semicolons at the end of statements and curly braces for blocks Does not require semicolons, uses indentation for blocks
Memory Management Automatic allocation and garbage collection managed by JVM A Python interpreter manages automatic allocation, reference counting, and garbage collection
Integration robustly integrates with current libraries and systems via the Java Native Interface (JNI) provides a smooth interaction with C/C++ via libraries and extensions like ctypes
Popularity extensively utilized in legacy systems and business contexts Growing popularity in web development, data analysis, and scientific computing

Comparison Parameters

Java and Python languages have some similarities and differences that puzzle us to select one out of the two. Let's compare both programming languages on the basis of the following factors and see which one is better.


Unlike Python, Java is a statically typed programming language that facilitates easier compilation. Through JIT, the JVM accelerates code execution. One benefit of JIT is its faster conversion time from byte code to native machine code.

On the other hand, Python programmers used many programming language implementations to speed up code execution. Developers employ Jython, which translates Python code into Java bytecode, and Cython, which translates Python code into C and C++, as tools to speed up execution. It's also employed to maximize Python programs' speed of execution.

Code Readability

To make the code easily understood by another programmer, it must be in a legible format. Therefore, code readability is specifically emphasized in both Python and Java. Many developers use Python because it allows for succinct code and eliminates superfluous code that facilitates application maintenance.

With Java, developers may create apps with more time and effort; every new version of Java includes more tools that simplify development by organizing software programs using modules. An additional design for the modules is a group of codes. As a result, the engineers have more time to comprehend these novel features-a laborious task fully.

Standard Library

Python comes with a huge, feature-rich standard library. The library saves both time and programming effort. The developer can select from more than 130000 (approximately) libraries for various uses. Text processing, picture processing, web and testing frameworks, and other features are included in the Python package.

Java offers libraries as well, but they are based on the particular requirements of the developer. There are much more libraries in Python than in Java.

Learning Curve

Python's straightforward, expressive syntax makes it simpler for newcomers to begin writing code. It does not need a variable declaration prior to use; it recognises its kind on its own. As a result, Python has a simple learning curve.

However, Java requires us to create more code to convey ideas and complete common activities. In Java, a variable cannot be used unless its type is declared. Many novices choose to create web and mobile applications using Java.


According to a Stackoveer report from 2018, Python is the programming language with the quickest growth rate after C++. Following the release of JavaScript, there was a popularity war between the two languages. Java, on the other hand, was a popular option among programmers.


The syntax in Python is simple and easy to learn. While in Java syntaxes are complex, large, and hard to remember.


We have contrasted Python with Java based on a number of factors. It is tough to decide which is superior, though. A programmer's choice of language is determined by the kind of application they wish to develop. Examine your program and its needs, decide on a language, then use it. Python might be a suitable option if you lack experience with programming. However, it will help if you have some familiarity with object-oriented programming in C++ if you also want to study Java.

The Python language has a very promising future. Therefore, we advise you to begin using Python. This programming language is simple and engaging.

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