The Node.js Zlib module is used to provide compression and decompression (zip and unzip) functionalities. It is implemented using Gzip and deflate/inflate.
The zlib module can be accessed using:
Compressing and decompressing a file can be done by piping the source stream data into a destination stream through zlib stream.
Node.js ZLIB Example: Compress File
Let's see a simple example of Node.js ZLIB module to compress a file "input.txt" into "input.txt.gz".
We have a text file named "input.txt" on the desktop.
Open Node.js command prompt and run the following code:
You can see that it will produce a compressed file named "input.txt.gz" on the desktop.
Node.js ZLIB Example: Decompress File
Let's see a simple example of Node.js ZLIB module to decompress a file "input.txt.gz" into "input2.txt".
Now you will see that same code of "input.txt" is available into "input2.txt" file.
To understand this example well, create "input.txt" file having a large amount of data. Let's assume it has 40 kb data. After compressing this file you will get the size of compressed file "input.txt.gz" to 1 kb only. After decompressing the "input.txt.gz" file, you will get 40 kb of same data into "input2.txt" file.