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Statement and Assumption 1

In this type of logical reasoning questions, a statement is followed by two assumptions. The candidate is required to read and understand the statement and assumptions and decide which of the assumption is implicit in the statement.


1) Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a software engineer with a probation period of six months and your skills and performance will be reviewed at the end of the probation period for confirmation." - A line written in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:

I. The performance of the candidate is not known at the time of appointment.
II. An individual is likely to prove his worth during the probation period.

  1. Only I is implicit
  2. Only II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Neither I nor II is implicit
  5. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: E

Explanation:

The performance of a new employee is generally tested over a span of time. So, I is implicit. The statement also says that the individual's worth shall be reviewed during the probation period before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.


2) Statement: It is suggested to put the child in school at the age of 4 or so.

Assumptions:

I) At this age, the child is ready to learn new things.
II) The schools do not admit children after the age of 4.

  1. Only I is implicit
  2. Only II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Neither I nor II is implicit
  5. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: A

Explanation:

According to the statement, a child is mentally and physically prepared to go to school. So, I is implicit. The statement does not talk about admission after the age of 4, so II is not implicit.


3) Statement: "If you trouble me, I will hit you." - A girl warns a boy.

Assumptions:

I. With the warning, the boy may stop troubling her.
II. All boys are generally naughty.

  1. Only I is implicit
  2. Only II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Neither I nor II is implicit
  5. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: A

Explanation:

The girl warns the boy with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So, I is implicit. All boys may not be naughty. So, II is not implicit.


4) Statement: The central government has planned to appoint two thousand teachers in the next financial year.

Assumptions:

I. There are enough vacant posts of teachers in the state to accommodate four thousand additional teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government?s plans generally fail.

  1. Only I is implicit
  2. Only II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Neither I nor II is implicit
  5. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: A

Explanation:

Such plans are made only after considering the existing vacancies. So, I is implicit. The eligible candidates will apply, so II is not implicit.


5) Statement: If it is easy to become a doctor, I don't want to be a doctor.

Assumptions:

I. A candidate wants to be professional.
II. One wants to achieve a thing which is hard earned.

  1. Only I is implicit
  2. Only II is implicit
  3. Either I or II is implicit
  4. Neither I nor II is implicit
  5. Both I and II are implicit

Answer: B

Explanation:

The professional nature of the job is not mentioned. So, I is not implicit. The statement shows that one wants to set a goal which is easy to achieve. So, II is implicit.


Statement and Assumption 2
Statement and Assumption 3
Statement and Assumption 4





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