What is the full form of ARDS
ARDS: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ARDS stands for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. It is a severe lung condition in which lungs become severely inflamed and fluid fills up in the tiny, elastic air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. It may occur due to severe pulmonary injury or infection. In the beginning, it manifests as dyspnea, tachypnea or hypoxemia then over the time evolves in respiratory failure.
As fluid accumulates in the lungs, less space is left for the air so less oxygen is passed to bloodstream. It leads to low oxygen levels in the blood. The organs don't get sufficient oxygen to perform their functions properly.
The symptoms of ARDS usually appear within few hours or few days after the injury or infection. Some of the common symptoms are:
The ARDS may occur due to a number of reasons, some of the most common causes are: