What is the full form of FIR
FIR: First Information Report
FIR stands for First Information Report. It is a written document prepared by Police when they receive information about a cognizable offense.
In a cognizable offense, a Police officer has the authority to make an arrest without a warrant.
It is a complaint generally filed by the victim or someone else on his/her behalf. When the FIR is registered by the Police, a signed copy is also given to the victim or the same person who filed the FIR. Police cannot refuse to register an FIR as it is against the law.
An FIR is a very important document because it helps in the process of criminal justice. Only after the FIR is registered the Police can start the investigation. Once an FIR is registered, the content of the FIR can't be changed except by a ruling from the High Court or the Supreme Court of India.
The information in the FIR register is maintained at every police station. An FIR page contains the following information.
Rules to file an FIR
Legal Consequences of an FIR
The criminal justice system is affected in a significant way by the filing of an FIR. The Police are required to look into the incident and take appropriate action after an FIR has been filed. According to Indian law, it is illegal to fail to register an FIR for a crime that is punishable by a fine.
The FIR is a significant record that may be used in court as proof. It can be used to support the complainant's and other witnesses' testimony and is admissible in court as proof of the Police's first tip. The material in the FIR can also be utilized to determine the specifics of the offense, its scope, the accused person's name, and other pertinent information.
The accused may be taken into custody and charged with the crime if the inquiry turns up proof of illegal behavior. The charges are based on the FIR, which also acts as the foundation for the prosecution's case. By ensuring that individuals who perpetrate crimes are held responsible, the FIR serves a critical function in the criminal justice system.
It is crucial to remember that filing an FIR does not ensure a conviction. The accused is still entitled to a fair trial and the assumption of innocence until proven guilty, and the prosecution must still establish the accused's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
Furthermore, making a fraudulent or malicious FIR might result in severe legal repercussions. Under Indian law, which has penalties for making false claims or fabricating evidence, anybody who files a fraudulent or malicious FIR may be punished. This is done to make sure that only legitimate complaints are lodged and to stop the FIR system from being abused.
The Restrictions of an FIR
There are restrictions on the scope and efficacy of an FIR, despite the fact that it is a crucial document in the criminal justice system. A few of an FIR's restrictions include: