What is the full form of NASA
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is a USA government agency that works for the civilian space program as well as for aeronautics, scientific discovery, Earth and aerospace research. It was established by the National Aeronautics and Space Act on 1 October 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower. It deals with the development of peaceful applications (rather than military) in space science and is the in-charge of the U.S. science and technology that deals with space exploration and airplanes.
NASA is led by an Administrator. As of July 2019, Jim Bridenstine is the 13th administrator of NASAA and James W. Morhard is the 14th Deputy Administrator of NASA.
NASA Vision: To discover and expand knowledge for the benefit of humanity.
The headquarters of NASA is in Washington, and it has 10 NASA centers across the United States. It also has 7 NASA workplaces for testing and studying Earth and space. NASA's work can be divided into four different types:
Space Flight Programs:
NASA has conducted both manned and unmanned space flight programs. Some of its famous space flight programs are as follows:
1) Manned Space Programs: Some of NASA's major manned space program are as follows:
2) Unmanned Space Programs:
There are over 1000 unmanned missions of NASA to explore the Earth and other planets in the solar system. Furthermore, NASA also launches communication satellites for the welfare of human society.
Some of the important unmanned space programs are listed below:
NASA Grant Program Highlights:
i) Space Grant: NASA introduced the National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program, which is also known as a Space Grant, in 1989. It is a network of colleges and universities which work to create and expand opportunities for Americans to understand and participate in space and aeronautics projects of NASA by supporting and improving science and engineering education, research, and public outreach efforts.
ii) NASA Research Opportunities: NASA's overall mission is to support research in the field of science and technology. It solicits the research by releasing research announcements in various science and technology disciplines. Through a peer-review process, it evaluates and selects research proposals received in response to these research announcements.
iii) Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs: These are NASA?s programs to fund the research, development, and demonstration of innovative technologies that fulfill the needs of NASA and have huge potential for successful commercialization.
iv) International Space Station Funding Opportunities: NASA funding is available through NASA Research Announcements (NRAs). There are various typing funding available to scientists to be used for International Space Station (ISS) research and development, payload development and processing, on-orbit operation, and more. National Laboratory funding for space station use is obtained through research opportunities with other government agencies as well as with entities in the private and non-profit sectors.