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What is the full form of ASHA

ASHA: Accredited Social Health Activist.

ASHA Stands for Accredited Social Health Activists. ASHAs are women who have received training to serve as health educators and promoters in their neighborhoods. They are referred to as health activists by the Indian MoHFW, who raise awareness of health and its social determinants and encourage local health planning, increased usage, and accountability of the available health services. Connecting underprivileged populations to the healthcare system is the goal of the Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) program. In India, the goal was to establish an "ASHA in every village." Anbumani Ramadoss, India's health minister at the time, launched the initiative in 2005, and complete implementation was planned for 2012.

Roles And Responsibilities

  1. Encouraging women to give birth in medical facilities,
  2. Taking kids to vaccination clinics.
  3. Promotion of family planning (e.g., surgical sterilization).
  4. Using first aid to treat simple illnesses and injuries.
  5. Keeping statistics on the population and enhancing village sanitation.
  6. The healthcare system and rural populations can communicate effectively thanks to ASHAs.
  7. An ASHA serves as a depot holding for supplies that are made readily available to all habitations, such as oral rehydration salts (ORS) therapy, iron folic acid (IFA) tablets, chloroquine, disposable delivery kits (DDK), oral pills, and condoms.
  8. Promotion of breastfeeding, skilled birth attendance, illness prevention, etc.
  9. Health, nutrition, and other relevant government initiatives are included in the community's sensitization efforts.
  10. Providing medications for conditions like malaria, tuberculosis, diarrhea, ante- and postnatal care, institutional delivery, immunization, diabetes testing, family planning, etc.
  11. Malaria diagnosis, a pregnancy survey, and an examination of health-related issues.
  12. Involvement in community health and related activities as well as planning for the health of the community.

Selection Criteria

  1. Women who live in the village where they have been chosen to work as ASHAs and who are expected to stay there for the foreseeable future must make up the majority of their workforce.
  2. Women who have already been married, widowed, or divorced are preferred over those who haven't since Indian cultural standards state that after getting married, a lady must go to her husband's village or house instead of staying on her own.
  3. ASHAs are required to have completed up to the tenth grade, though this condition may be eased if no competent literate candidate is available.
  4. The ideal range for their age is between 25 and 45.
  5. The gram panchayat chooses them and holds them responsible (local government).
  6. She must be literate and have completed at least the tenth grade in formal education. In order to advance their careers, women in Class XII should be given preference if they are motivated and willing. This is because they may later be admitted to ANM/GNM schools.
  7. It is important to maintain a balance between education and underrepresented group representation.
  8. To be able to find the time to complete her tasks, she should have social and familial support.
  9. To better serve underserved populations, it is important to guarantee enough representation from those groups.
  10. ASHA should be able to connect with the community and have strong leadership abilities. She should also be fluent in the language of the region and population she is expected to serve.

Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) Benefit Package

  1. Under the Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, ASHAs and ASHA Facilitators would be covered (Life Insurance). The age range for eligibility is 18 to 70. Benefits include the following: Rs. 2 Lakh in event of death due to an accident, coverage is for a year from June 1 to May 31.
  2. 2 lakh in the event of the entire and permanent loss of both eyes, the loss of both hands or feet, or the loss of sight in one eye along with the loss of use of either one hand or one foot.
  3. One lakh rupees in the event of complete and irreversible blindness in one eye, or loss of use of one hand or one foot.
  4. Instead of the existing Rs 1000 per month in rewards for routine chores, ASHAs would now receive a minimum of Rs 2000 per month. This will take effect in October 2018. Additionally, various task-based rewards have been approved at the central/state level.

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