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What is the full form of BDS

BDS: Bachelor of Dental Surgery

BDS stands for Bachelor of Dental Surgery. It is a medical field of surgery related to the mouth and handling the injuries related to teeth, jaw, and gums. It is a five-year undergraduate degree program in dentistry to prepare students for a successful career as dental surgeons. The five years of dental course is divided into two parts:

  • Four-year training
  • One-year compulsory internship

The BDS course is not only restricted to treating tooth decay. It also emphasizes dentures, surgery and multiple dental problems.

BDS full form

The degree is regulated by the Dental Council of India (DCI).

Why pursue BDS?

The students choose this course to advance their professions for a variety of reasons. Here are a few benefits of the course that have been listed:

The nation's dental patient population has grown as a result of more oral hygiene awareness. One needs a BDS degree in order to treat these patients because in India, earning a BDS degree is a requirement for practising dentistry.

In the near future, more work prospects are expected for students. The government wants to give dentists greater career prospects through improving employment options, which is why there has been a rapid increase in the number of dental patients and doctors.

The students' expected earnings during a paid internship range from approximately INR 15,000 to 40,000 and rise with their level of knowledge and experience.

In order to earn more money than they would outside in India, students can even practise their abilities in nations like the US and Canada. They must, however, pass tests like the NBDE or NDEB in order to do this.


The students who have passed the 10+2 examination in the science stream with physics, chemistry and biology or an equivalent degree with at least 50% from a recognized institute are eligible for this course. These students have to appear and clear the BDS entrance test which can be at the state level or national level. These entrance tests are conducted by various colleges and universities that offer BDS courses.

In India, there is often just one admission exam held for this. Once a year, a nationwide level entrance exam with the name National Eligibility Cum Entrance Exam (NEET) is held.

According to the most recent statistics, there are currently more than 300 dental colleges in India, totaling 26,000 seats among both public and private institutions. The typical course fee in India is between INR 1 and 8 lacs.

BDS Subjects

  • Orthodontics
  • Human Physiology
  • Materials used in Dentistry
  • Human Oral Anatomy, Histology and Tooth Morphology
  • Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

BDS Syllabus

1st Year

  • Biochemistry
  • Dental Histology
  • Dental Materials
  • Law for Dental Profession
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Preclinical Prosthodontics

2nd Year

  • Preclinical Prosthodontics
  • Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
  • Pharmacology
  • Dental Materials
  • Pharmacology
  • Oral Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Pathology

3rd Year

  • Gen Surgery
  • Gen Medicine
  • Pedodontics
  • Oral Pathology
  • Oral Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Public Health
  • Orthodontics
  • Conservative Dentistry
  • Prosthodontics
  • Patient Safety Curriculum
  • Community Orientation Program Group Project/Research

4th year

  • Pedodontics
  • Public Health
  • Dentistry
  • Orthodontics
  • Oral Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Prosthodontics
  • Periodontics
  • Practice Observership
  • Conservative Dentistry

5th Year

Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry Period ontology Oral Medicine, Diagnosis and Radiology Public Health Dentistry Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Oral Pathology and Microbiology and Accident and Emergency Medicine Comprehensive Oral Health Care

Future after BDS

It is an ideal career-orientated course. After the successful completion of the BDS degree, a student can gain practical experience through an internship at any private or government dental clinic. He can run a dental clinic after gaining practical experience.

A qualified surgeon can also get a job as a dentist in the state or central government hospitals. There are also various career options for a BDS in the pharmaceutical companies and medical equipment manufacturing companies. The Indian army also recruits dentists in army hospitals. Depending on their interest and ability, BDS degree holders can apply for pursuing a Master's degree. Other job profiles are- Researcher, lecturer, Dentist in Indian Railways, Territorial Army Officer

Those who don't want to work can improve their academic credentials by choosing MDS (Masters of Dental Surgery). They will have improved career opportunities as a result of this.

Students who are willing to opt for higher studies can go for the following:

  • Master of Dental Surgery ( MDS)
  • Master of Public Health (MPH)
  • Master in Health Administration
  • MBA in Healthcare Management
  • MBA in Hospitality Management

Popular BDS Colleges in India

  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Aurangabad
  • SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad
  • DR. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata
  • SRM Dental College, Chennai
  • Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur
  • Saraswati Dental College and Hospital, Lucknow
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal
  • AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore
  • Faculty of Dental Sciences, IMS BHU

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