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What is the full form of CPI


CPI: Consumer Price Index

CPI Stands for Consumer Price Index. The consumer price index is a broad index used to estimate changes in prices for a basket of products and services that represents consumer spending in an economy. The CPI is estimated by a rather rigorous mathematical process. Consumption goods have been divided into a number of categories and subcategories based on consumer types like urban or rural consumers. National statistics organizations typically generate the final overall price index based on the collected indices and sub-indices. It is one of the most crucial economic indicators and is often based on the weighted average of commodity prices. It provides a general notion of the cost of living. The CPI is used to calculate inflation. The level of inflation, or the growth in the prices of a typical basket of consumed products, is determined by the percentage change in this index over a given period of time. A monthly basket of goods and services is represented by the CPI across the nation. Food and drink, housing, clothing, transportation, medical care, leisure time activities, education, communication, and other goods and services are among the goods and services that are taken into account.

Maintenance Of Consumer Price Index (CPI)

There are four consumer price index figures generated in India, and these are as follows:

  1. CPI for Industrial Workers (IW)
  2. CPI for Agricultural Labourers (AL)
  3. CPI for Rural Labourers (RL) and
  4. CPI for Urban Non-Manual Employees (UNME).

The CPI (UNME) data is gathered and compiled by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, while the Ministry of Labour's Labor Bureau gathers the data for the other three variables.

Calculation Of Consumer Price Index (CPI)

With respect to a base year that serves as a standard, the CPI is determined. It is relevant to that year that the price changed. Just keep in mind that the price of the market basket from the base year must be divided by the price of the basket from the year in which the CPI is being calculated. Then, it gets 100 times multiplied.

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Formula

Consumer Price Index = (Cost of basket divided by the Cost of basket in the base year) multiplied by 100

Key Facts Of Consumer Price Index (CPI)

A representative basket of products and services is used to calculate the Consumer Price Index, which tracks the overall change in consumer prices over time.

  1. The CPI is the most commonly cited indicator of inflation, utilized by policymakers, the financial sector, companies, and consumers.
  2. The widely used CPI is based on an index that accounts for 93% of the U.S. population, while cost-of-living adjustments to government benefits are made using a comparable index that accounts for wage earners and clerical workers.
  3. The CPI is based on over 94,000 price quotes that are gathered each month from about 23,000 retail and service businesses as well as 43,000 rental housing units.
  4. To calculate the change in shelter expenses, including those for owner-occupied housing, which makes up about a third of the housing rentals, CPI is used.

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Methodology

Because the CPI Index is so important for determining economic policy and making decisions, there have long been questions about its methodology, with assertions that it either overstates or understates inflation. Congress communalized a group of economists to analyse the matter in 1995, and they came to the conclusion that the CPI exaggerated inflation. This was followed by adjustments to the calculation to better account for substitution effects.

Importance Of Consumer Price Index (CPI)

  1. A common tool for assessing inflation in an economy is the CPI. A nation and its citizens experience a decline in the standard of living as a result of rising inflation. The expense of living will eventually rise as a result of it.
  2. Since there will be less manufacturing as a result of a high inflation rate, there will be job losses as a result of an increase in the price of goods. The CPI can be used to alter the elements of national income and serves as a gauge of inflation in an economy.
  3. Limitations Of Consumer Price Index (CPI)
  4. The variations in two separate areas cannot be calculated by CPI.
  5. It is a technique that only considers some factors that have an impact on living standards when determining the conditional cost of living.

This brings to an end the discussion of the Consumer Price Index, which is one measure of a country's economic health.


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