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What is the full form of ST

ST: Schedule Tribes

ST stands for Schedule Tribes. The Indian Constitution where the phrase "those tribes or tribal communities, or portions or groupings within such tribes or tribal communities," as used in Article 366, "are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for this constitution." Article 342, which is reprinted below, lays out the process to be followed when specifying scheduled tribes.

ST Full Form

Article 342

Following consultation with the Governor of that state or Union territory, the President may designate the tribes or tribal communities, or regions within them, that shall, for this constitution, be regarded as scheduled tribes about that state or Union Territory, as the case may be.

Any tribe, tribal community, or component of a tribe, may be added to or removed from the list of Scheduled tribes as indicated in a notification made under the clause. However, a subsequent notification may not modify a notification issued under the article above, as provided above. As a result, following consultation with the relevant State governments, the President's notification order establishes the first list of Scheduled Tribes in reference to a given State or Union Territory. A Parliamentary Act can only afterward change these orders.

Some Others Full Forms of ST

1. Save Tree

ST stands for Save Tree. The sustainability of a significant component of the environment depends on trees more than any other factor on this planet. Trees, which take up large land areas in forests, natural preserves, and wildlife sanctuaries, purify the atmosphere with oxygen. Trees' resources are essential to all kinds of life for their direct and indirect demands. The wood, paper, fibers, and lumber that come from trees are used as raw materials by large businesses and organizations.

While creating these minerals is of the highest importance, maintaining the balance of nature is also crucial. The continuation of life on Earth may be threatened by extensive deforestation or by cutting down trees for various purposes. Pollution levels are rising as the number of trees declines daily. With this, the risks associated with soil erosion and global warming have also peaked.

2. Sales Tax

ST stands for Sales Tax. When certain products and services are sold, the government is charged a fee known as a sales tax. Normally, laws allow the seller to add the tax to the customer's bill at the purchase. Taxes on goods and services that customers pay directly to a governing body are sometimes called use taxes. The sale and use tax is routinely waived for various products and services, such as food, education, and healthcare. The value-added tax assessed on goods and services is related to a sales tax. The comparison with sales tax reveals important differences.


Inscriptions on the walls of Egyptian tombs from as far back as 2000 BC show a tax imposed on the selling of items. These paintings portray the taxation of particular goods, such as cooking oil. A document created for the auction of 16 enslaved people in Piraeus, Greece, in 415 BC had a distinct column for sales tax amounts, which were calculated in drachmas at a rate of one percent. In 399 BC, nearby Athens documented collecting tariffs on importing and exporting goods at a rate of 2%. At that time, Athens did not rely on governmental organizations to collect its taxes; rather, tax farming was the practice of awarding the job to the highest bidder.

Centesimal Rerum valium, a one percent general sales tax, was instituted by Roman emperor Augustus in AD 6 to finance his military aerarium. Later, Tiberius lowered the Roman sales tax to 0.5 percent, and Caligula altogether eliminated it.

3. Science and Technology

ST stands for Science and Technology. Science and technology have long played a significant role in Indian culture. The Indian Renaissance, which took place at the start of the 1900s and corresponded with our fight for freedom, saw great scientific achievements made by Indians. In those ancient days, natural philosophy-as it was known-was extensively explored in academic institutions. After the nation gained independence in 1947, an institutional system and strong state backing supported this intrinsic aptitude to perform creatively in science. Since then, the Indian government has made every effort to develop a cutting-edge S&T infrastructure across the nation. The Department of Science and Technology greatly aids the nation's efforts to advance science and technology.

This section provides comprehensive details about scientific education, research, and advancement. For scientists, researchers, scholars, students, etc., specifics of policies, plans, papers, and programs are also available.

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