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Kotlin HashSet class

Kotlin HashSet is class of collection which extends AbstractMutableSet class and implements Set interface. The HashSet class store elements using hashing mechanism. It support both read and write functionality. It does not support duplicate value and does not make guarantees about the order sequence of element.

HashSet class declaration

Constructor of Kotlin HashSet class

Constructor Description
HashSet() It constructs an empty HashSet instance
HashSet(initialCapacity: Int, loadFactor: Float = 0f) It is used to constructs a HashSet of specified capacity.
HashSet(elements: Collection<E>) It constructs a HashSet instance using elements of specified collection.

Functions of Kotlin HashSet class

Functions Description
open fun add(element: E): Boolean It adds the given element to the collection.
open operator fun contains(element: E): Boolean It checks the specified element is present in current collection.
open fun isEmpty(): Boolean It checks the current collection is empty (not contain any element). If found collection is empty returns true otherwise false.
open fun iterator(): MutableIterator<E> It returns an iterator over the elements of current object.
open fun remove(element: E): Boolean It removes the mention element if present in current collection. It returns true if it removes otherwise false.
open fun clear() It deletes all the elements from this collection.

Property of Kotlin HashSet class

Property Description
open val size: Int This property is used to return the size of HashSet collection.

Kotlin HashSet Example 1- capacity

Let's create an example of HashSet defining it capacity. Capacity defines the total number of element to be added in the HashSet. It can be increase of decrease later according to need.

Output:

......traversing hashSet......
8
2
13
5
6

Kotlin HashSet Example 2 - generic

For more specific we can provide the generic types of HashSet class using its method hashSetOf<T>().

Output:

......traversing hashSetOf1......
8
2
13
5
6
......traversing hashSetOf2......
Ashu
Roshan
Vijay

Kotlin HashSet Example 3 - add() and addAll()

The add() function is used to add the element in the HashSet instance whereas addAll() function add all the elements of specified collection to HashSet.

Output:

......traversing hashSet......
8
2
13
5
6
......traversing hashSet after hashSet.addAll(intSet)......
2
4
5
6
8
13
29

Kotlin HashSet Example 4 - size, contains() and containsAll()

The size property returns a total elements present in HashMap. The contains() function returns true if the mention element in it is contained in collection whereas containsAll() function checks all the elements of specified collection is contained in this collection.

Output:

......traversing hashSetOf1......
2
4
13
29
6
15
.....hashSetOf1.size.....
6
.....hashSetOf1.contains(13).....
true
....hashSetOf1.containsAll(mySet)...
true

Kotlin HashSet Example 5 - remove() and removeAll()

The remove() function removes the specified element from the collection if it is present whereas removeAll() function removes all the specified elements from current collection if they are present.

Output:

......traversing hashSetOf1......
2
4
13
29
6
15
.....hashSetOf1.remove(6)......
true
......traversing hashSetOf1 after remove(6)......
2
4
13
29
15
......hashSetOf1.removeAll(mySet)......
true
......traversing hashSetOf1 after removeAll(mySet)......
2
13
15

Kotlin HashSet Example 6 - isEmpty() and isNotEmpty()

The isEmpty() function checks the current collection is empty whereas isNotEmpty() function checks the current collection is not empty.

Output:

......traversing hashSetOf1......
2
4
13
29
6
15
.....hashSetOf1.isEmpty()....
hash set is not empty
.....hashSetOf1.isNotEmpty()....
hash set is not empty

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