# Canonical Collection of LR(0) items

An LR (0) item is a production G with dot at some position on the right side of the production.

LR(0) items is useful to indicate that how much of the input has been scanned up to a given point in the process of parsing.

In the LR (0), we place the reduce node in the entire row.

### Example

Given grammar:

Add Augment Production and insert '•' symbol at the first position for every production in G

### I0 State:

Add Augment production to the I0 State and Compute the Closure

### I0 = Closure (S` → •S)

Add all productions starting with S in to I0 State because "•" is followed by the non-terminal. So, the I0 State becomes

I0 = S` → •S
S → •AA

Add all productions starting with "A" in modified I0 State because "•" is followed by the non-terminal. So, the I0 State becomes.

I0= S` → •S
S → •AA
A → •aA
A → •b

I1= Go to (I0, S) = closure (S` → S•) = S` → S•

Here, the Production is reduced so close the State.

I1= S` → S•

I2= Go to (I0, A) = closure (S → A•A)

Add all productions starting with A in to I2 State because "•" is followed by the non-terminal. So, the I2 State becomes

I2 =S→A•A
A → •aA
A → •b

Go to (I2,a) = Closure (A → a•A) = (same as I3)

Go to (I2, b) = Closure (A → b•) = (same as I4)

I3= Go to (I0,a) = Closure (A → a•A)

Add productions starting with A in I3.

A → a•A
A → •aA
A → •b

Go to (I3, a) = Closure (A → a•A) = (same as I3)
Go to (I3, b) = Closure (A → b•) = (same as I4)

I4= Go to (I0, b) = closure (A → b•) = A → b•
I5= Go to (I2, A) = Closure (S → AA•) = SA → A•
I6= Go to (I3, A) = Closure (A → aA•) = A → aA•

### Drawing DFA:

The DFA contains the 7 states I0 to I6. ## LR(0) Table

• If a state is going to some other state on a terminal then it correspond to a shift move.
• If a state is going to some other state on a variable then it correspond to go to move.
• If a state contain the final item in the particular row then write the reduce node completely. Explanation:

• I0 on S is going to I1 so write it as 1.
• I0 on A is going to I2 so write it as 2.
• I2 on A is going to I5 so write it as 5.
• I3 on A is going to I6 so write it as 6.
• I0, I2and I3on a are going to I3 so write it as S3 which means that shift 3.
• I0, I2 and I3 on b are going to I4 so write it as S4 which means that shift 4.
• I4, I5 and I6 all states contains the final item because they contain • in the right most end. So rate the production as production number.

### Productions are numbered as follows:

• I1 contains the final item which drives(S` → S•), so action {I1, \$} = Accept.
• I4 contains the final item which drives A → b• and that production corresponds to the production number 3 so write it as r3 in the entire row.
• I5 contains the final item which drives S → AA• and that production corresponds to the production number 1 so write it as r1 in the entire row.
• I6 contains the final item which drives A → aA• and that production corresponds to the production number 2 so write it as r2 in the entire row.

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