What are Roots of Cloud Computing?
We trace the roots of cloud computing by focusing at the advancement of technologies in hardware (multi-core chips, virtualization), Internet technologies (Web 2.0, web services, service-oriented architecture), distributed computing (grids or clusters) and system management (data center automation, autonomous computing).
Some of the technologies are marked in the early stages of their development; A specification process was followed, leading to maturity and universal adoption as a result.
The emergence of cloud computing is linked to these technologies. We take a closer look at the technologies which is the basis of cloud computing that give a canvas of the cloud ecosystem.
Cloud computing Internet technologies have so many roots. They help the computers to increase their capability and make them more powerful.
In cloud computing, there are three main types of services which are IaaS - Infrastructure as a Service, PaaS - Platforms as a service and SaaS - Software as a Service.
There are four types of cloud depending on the platform which are free, public, hybrid, and platform.
Cloud computing technology is an advanced and contributes to the next level in business.
What is Cloud Computing?
"Cloud computing contains many servers that host the web services and data storage. The technology allows the companies to eliminate the requirement for costly and powerful systems."
Company data will be stored on low-cost servers, and employees can easily access the data by a normal network.
In the traditional data system, the company maintains the physical hardware, which costs a lot, while cloud computing supply a virtual platform.
In a virtual platform, every server hosts the applications, and the data is handled by a distinct provider. Therefore, we should to pay them.
The development of cloud computing is tremendous with the advancement of Internet technologies. And it is a new concept for low capitalization firms.
Most of the companies are switching to cloud computing to provide the flexibility, accuracy, speed, and low cost to their customer.
Cloud computing has much of applications, Like as infrastructure management, application execution, and also data access management tool.
There are four roots of cloud computing which are given below:
We will look at every root in detail below.
Root 1: Internet Technologies
The first one is Internet Technologies that includes service-oriented architecture, and Web 2.0, and also the web services.
Internet technologies are commonly accessible by the public. People access content and run applications that depend on network connections.
Cloud computing relies on centralized storage, networks and bandwidth. However, the Internet is not a network - it is highly multiplexed and centralized management.
Therefore, anyone can host the number of websites anywhere in worldwide. Because of network servers, a lot of websites can be created.
Service-Oriented Architecture is a self-contained module designed for business functions.
It is provided for authentication services business management and event logging, also saves us a lot of paperwork and time.
Web services such as XML and HTTP provide web delivery services by common mechanisms. It is an universal concept of web service globally.
Web 2.0 services are more convenient for the users, and they do not need to know much about programming and coding concepts to work.
Information technology companies provide services in which people can access the services on a platform.
Predefined templates and blocks make it easy to work with, and they can work together via a centralized cloud computing system.
Examples of Web 2.0 services are hosted services such as Google Maps, micro blogging sites such as Twitter, and social sites such as Facebook.
Root 2: Distributed Computing
The second root of cloud computing is distributed computing, that includes the grid, utility computing, and cluster.
To understand it more easily, here's an example, computer is a storage area, and save documents in the form of files or pictures.
Each document stored in a computer has some specific location, on a hard disk or stored on the Internet.
When someone visits the website on the Internet, that person browses by downloading the files.
Users can access files at a location after processing; it can send the file back to the server.
So, it is known as the distributed computing of the cloud. People can access it from anywhere in overseas.
All resources in memory space, processor speed and hard disk space are used with the help of the route.
The company using the technology never faces any problem and will always be in competition with other companies too.
Root 3: Hardware
The third one is the hardware by the roots of cloud computing, that includes multi-core chips and virtualization.
When we talk about the hardware, it is virtual cloud computing and people do not need it more.
Computers require hardware like Random access memory, CPU, , Read Only Memory and motherboard to store, process, analyze and manage the data and information.
There are no hardware devices because in cloud computing all the apps are managed by the internet.
If you are using huge amount of data, it becomes so difficult for your computer to manage the continuous increase in data.
The cloud stores the data on its own computer slightly than the computer that holds the data.
Virtualization allows the people to access the resources from virtual machines in cloud computing. It makes it cheaper for customers to use the cloud services.
Furthermore, in the Service Level Agreement based cloud computing model, each customer gets their virtual machine called a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC).
The single cloud computing platform which distribute the hardware, software and operating systems.
Root 4: System Management
The fourth root of cloud computing contains autonomous cloud and data center automation here.
System management handles operations to improve productivity and efficiency of the root system.
To achieve it, the system management ensures that all the employees have an easy access to the necessary data and information.
Employees can change the configuration, receive/retransmit information and perform other related tasks from any location.
It makes for the system administrator to respond to any user demand. In addition, the administrator can restrict or deny access for different users.
In the autonomous system, the administrator task becomes easier as the system is autonomous or self-managing. Additionally, data analysis is controlled by sensors.
System responses perform many functions such as optimization, configuration, and protection based on the data.
Therefore, human involvement is low here, but here the computing system handles most of the work.
Difference between roots of cloud computing
The most fundamental differences between utilities and clouds are in storage, bandwidth, and power availability. In a utility system, all these utilities are provided through the company, whereas in a cloud environment, it is provided through the provider you work with.
You might be using a file-sharing service to upload the pictures, documents, and files to the server which work remotely.
You need many physical storage devices to hold the data with access to electricity and the Internet.
In addition, the physical components required the file sharing service and access to the Internet by providing thwe third-party service provider's data center.
Many different Internet technologies can make up the infrastructure of a cloud.
For example, if any internet service provider has lower speed of internet, then they can transfer their data without getting the better infrastructure of hardware.
The cloud is a collection of the four roots running on the remote server.
Many organizations are moving towards the technology as they manage huge amount of memory, hardware and other resources.
The potential of the technology is enormous as it is increasing the overall efficiency, security, reliability, and flexibility of businesses.