## Aptitude Decimal Fraction Concepts and Formulas## Points to Remember:1.
If we convert the number into a vulgar fraction, the number's denominator will contain 10 or multiple of 10. 2. 3. - Adding zeros to the extreme right of a decimal fraction does not change its value.
**For example**, 0.4 = 0.40=0.400=0.4000000 - If numerator and denominator have the same number of decimal place, we can remove the decimal sign.
**For example**, 0.72/0.18 is equal to 72/18. - If numerator and denominator have the different number of decimal place, we have to equate both numbers of figures in decimal part by putting zeros, and then remove the decimals.
**For example**, 10/ 2.5 = 100/25 = 4
4. **For example:**13.725 + 6.275 = 20.000 = 20**Subtraction:**13.72 - 3.225 is equals to 13.720 - 3.225 = 10.495
5. **To multiply by 10, 100, 1000, etc.,**Move the decimal points by as many places to right as many are the zeros in the multiplier.**For example**, 12.5*10 =125**To multiply by a whole number:**Multiply the number as in case of integers and place the decimal point in the product as many decimal places as in the multiplicand, prefixing zeros, if necessary.**For example**, 12.5*7 Multiplicand = 12.5 Multiplier = 7**Now step 1: multiply by taking both of them as the integer value** 125*7 = 875**Step 2: place the decimal in the product as many decimal places as in the multiplicand.** ATQ, the multiplicand has 1 decimal place. So, the product will be 87.5 (decimal point after 1 decimal place).**To multiply a decimal by a decimal:**multiply as in integer, and place the decimal in product value as many decimal places as there are in the case of the multiplier and the multiplicand together, prefixing zeros, if necessary.**For example**, 12.5*7.325 Multiplicand = 12.5 Multiplier = 7.325**Now step 1: multiply by taking both of them as the integer value** 125*7325 = 915625**Step 2: place the decimal point in the product as many decimal places as there are in the case of the multiplier and the multiplicand together.** ATQ, multiplicand has 1 decimal place, and multiplier has three decimal places. That means the Product will contain the decimal point after 1+3 = 4 decimal places. So, the product of 12.5 * 7.325 = 91.5625
6. **When the divisor is 10, 100, 1000, etc.,**To divide a decimal by 10, 100, 1000, etc., move the decimal point 1, 2, 3, etc., places**to the left**respectively.**For example**, 12.23/10 = 1.223 and 153.56/1000 = 0.15356**When the divisor is a decimal fraction:**Move the decimal point as many places to the right in the divisor to make the divisor as a whole number, annexing zeros to the dividend as many places as you moved the point**to the right**in the divisor.**For example**, 125/5.5 Annexing zeros in the dividend to make the divisor as a whole number. 1250/55 = 22.7272......
7. **Pure recurring decimal:**A decimal number, in which all the digits after the decimal points are repeated, is called a pure recurring decimal.**For example**, 2.3̅2̅1 is a pure recurring decimal because all the numbers after the decimal point are repeated.**Mixed recurring decimal:**A decimal number in which some digits do not recur after the decimal point, is called a mixed recurring decimal.**For example**, 0.5429 is a mixed recurring decimal because out of 542̅9 only 2 and 9 are recurring.
8. **Pure recurring decimal to vulgar fraction:**A pure recurring decimal can be written as the vulgar fraction by putting as many nines as there are recurring digits after the decimal point, in the denominator of the vulgar fraction.**For example**, 0.3̅2̅1= 321/999 and 3.2̅5 = 3+**Mixed recurring decimal to vulgar fraction:**A mixed recurring decimal can be written as a vulgar fraction in which the numerator will contain the difference between the number formed by all the digits (after decimal point) and the numbers that do not recur; and the denominator will contain as many nines as there recurring digits, following by as many zeros as there are non-recurring digits.**For example**, the number 0.32145 can be expressed as [32145- 321]/ 99000
9. **Pure recurring decimal:**First we have to convert the recurring decimal into an integer and then perform the addition or subtraction.**For example**, the number 13.2̅4+ 15.2̅7 will add in two parts.- Add the integer value that is on the left-hand side of the decimal point
Or, 13+15 = 28 - Now add the recurring value that is on the right-hand side of the decimal point
Or, 24+27 = 51 Hence, the addition of 13.2̅4+ 15.2̅7 = 28.5̅1
- Add the integer value that is on the left-hand side of the decimal point
10. **Separate the expansion of recurring decimals into three parts. In the left-side part,**there is an integer value with non-recurring decimal digits. In case of only one number contains the non-recurring value then the other one who has only recurring value will place his recurring value to make the same decimal place in both numbers.**In the middle part**, we have to count that how many recurring values are in the first number and the second number, and then take the LCM of both. Repeat the recurring number LCM's number of times in the middle part. I**n the last part**, it doesn't matter that how many recurring digits are there in the numbers, we have to put two recurring digits always in the third-part.**For example**, Let there are two numbers a = 3.7̅6, b = 1.45̅7̅6 We have to find a+b and a-b. Here, the number "a" has 2 recurring numbers, and the number "b" contains 3 recurring numbers and 1 non-recurring number. LCM of recurring digits (2, 3) = 6, that means middle part will contain repetition of recurring digits 6 times.
11. - While multiplying a recurring decimal by a multiple of 10, the set of repeating digits is not altered.
**For example**, let the multiplicand = 3.5̅7, and multiplier = 10 Now, 3.5̅7 can be written as 3.575757.... * 10 = 35.7575757..... We know that the repeating value will not be altering so the recurring number will be the same. i.e., 35.75̅7̅5̅7̅5̅7 - While multiplying a recurring decimal by a number which is not a multiple of 10, first all of the recurring decimal is changed into a vulgar fraction, and then the calculation is done.
**For example**, let the multiplicand = 7.6̅3̅, and multiplier = 11 Now, 7.6̅3 can be written as 7+ * 11 Or, (7 + )*11 = 11*7 +7 = 84 So, the result will be 84
12.
13. - First, you have two make the number of digit (value after decimal) equal in the decimal numbers by adding zeros in the suffix if necessary.
- Now assume that both the numbers are an integer and then get the HCF and LCM of that number. Place the decimal point in the result as many decimal places as in the in the initial number.
Now, express each of the numbers without the decimals as the product of primes and we get:
Now, H.C.F. of 36 and 108 = 22 × 32 = 36 L.C.M. of 36 and 108 = 22 × 33 = 108 14.
Now compare each and arrange in ascending or descending order.
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