Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

MySQL ALTER Table

MySQL ALTER statement is used when you want to change the name of your table or any table field. It is also used to add or delete an existing column in a table.

The ALTER statement is always used with "ADD", "DROP" and "MODIFY" commands according to the situation.

1) ADD a column in the table

Syntax:

Parameters

table_name: It specifies the name of the table that you want to modify.

new_column_name: It specifies the name of the new column that you want to add to the table.

column_definition: It specifies the data type and definition of the column (NULL or NOT NULL, etc).

FIRST | AFTER column_name: It is optional. It tells MySQL where in the table to create the column. If this parameter is not specified, the new column will be added to the end of the table.

Example:

In this example, we add a new column "cus_age" in the existing table "cus_tbl".

Use the following query to do this:

Output:

mysql alter table 1

See the recently added column:

Output:

mysql alter table 2

2) Add multiple columns in the table

Syntax:

Example:

In this example, we add two new columns "cus_address", and cus_salary in the existing table "cus_tbl". cus_address is added after cus_surname column and cus_salary is added after cus_age column.

Use the following query to do this:

mysql alter table 3

See the recently added columns:

mysql alter table 4

3) MODIFY column in the table

The MODIFY command is used to change the column definition of the table.

Syntax:

Example:

In this example, we modify the column cus_surname to be a data type of varchar(50) and force the column to allow NULL values.

Use the following query to do this:

mysql alter table 5

See the table structure:

mysql alter table 6

4) DROP column in table

Syntax:

Let's take an example to drop the column name "cus_address" from the table "cus_tbl".

Use the following query to do this:

Output:

mysql alter table 7

See the table structure:

mysql alter table 8

5) RENAME column in table

Syntax:

Example:

In this example, we will change the column name "cus_surname" to "cus_title".

Use the following query to do this:

Output:

mysql alter table 9

6) RENAME table

Syntax:

Example:

In this example, the table name cus_tbl is renamed as cus_table.

Output:

mysql alter table 11

See the renamed table:

mysql alter table 12



Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter google plus pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Preparation


Trending Technologies


B.Tech / MCA