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MySQL UPDATE Query

MySQL UPDATE query is a DML statement used to modify the data of the MySQL table within the database. In a real-life scenario, records are changed over a period of time. So, we need to make changes in the values of the tables also. To do so, it is required to use the UPDATE query.

The UPDATE statement is used with the SET and WHERE clauses. The SET clause is used to change the values of the specified column. We can update single or multiple columns at a time.

Syntax

Following is a generic syntax of UPDATE command to modify data into the MySQL table:

Parameter Explanation

The description of parameters used in the syntax of the UPDATE statement is given below:

Parameter Descriptions
table_name It is the name of a table in which we want to perform updation.
column_name It is the name of a column in which we want to perform updation with the new value using the SET clause. If there is a need to update multiple columns, separate the columns with a comma operator by specifying the value in each column.
WHERE Clause It is optional. It is used to specify the row name in which we are going to perform updation. If we omit this clause, MySQL updates all rows.

Note:

  • This statement can update values in a single table at a time.
  • We can update single or multiple columns altogether with this statement.
  • Any condition can be specified by using the WHERE clause.
  • WHERE clause is very important because sometimes we want to update only a single row, and if we omit this clause, it accidentally updates all rows of the table.

The UPDATE command supports these modifiers in MySQL:

LOW_PRIORITY: This modifier instructs the statement to delay the UPDATE command's execution until no other clients reading from the table. It takes effects only for the storage engines that use only table-level locking.

IGNORE: This modifier allows the statement to do not abort the execution even if errors occurred. If it finds duplicate-key conflicts, the rows are not updated.

Therefore, the full syntax of UPDATE statement is given below:

Example:

Let us understand the UPDATE statement with the help of various examples. Suppose we have a table "trainer" within the "testdb" database. We are going to update the data within the "trainer" table.

MySQL UPDATE Query

Update Single Column

This query will update the email id of Java course with the new id as follows:

After successful execution, we will verify the table using the below statement:

In the output, we can see that our table is updated as per our conditions.

MySQL UPDATE Query

Update Multiple Columns

The UPDATE statement can also be used to update multiple columns by specifying a comma-separated list of columns. Suppose we have a table as below:

MySQL UPDATE Query

This statement explains will update the name and occupation whose id = 105 in the People table as follows:

We can verify the output below:

MySQL UPDATE Query

UPDATE Statement to Replace String

We can also use the UPDATE statement in MySQL to change the string name in the particular column. The following example updates the domain parts of emails of Android course:

It will give the following output:

MySQL UPDATE Query
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