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CBSE - Central Board Of Secondary Education

CBSE - Central Board Of Secondary Education

There are numerous educational boards available in India that provide secondary-level education. That's why choosing the best among them is the major concern for the parents. A new education policy has recently been made in India, and keeping this point in mind, the great majority of today's parents are baffled by the many educational boards. However, boards are continuously making changes to stand with the present demands of the environment. In this article, we will discuss one of the most popular boards named CBSE in detail.

About CBSE

CBSE is the short form of the Central Board of Secondary Education. It is a well-known national board that was reconstituted on July 1, 1962. Its headquarters are located in New Delhi. It is a self-governing organization running under the complete supervision of the Indian government. CBSE has maintained a high level of education in India for many years. As a result of which it is the preference among children and their parents.

CBSE - Central Board Of Secondary Education

Concept Of Decentralization

The board's administration is decentralized which helps in facilitating the effective execution of its responsibilities and maintaining education standards throughout the country. The regional offices of the board are established in various regions of the country to be more accessible for the schools which are linked with the board. However, the operations of these Regional Offices are regularly monitored and controlled by the headquarters in Delhi.


Understanding the importance will surely lead to a better decision. So here, we will discuss some of the major pros of the CBSE board that separate it from many other national and state education boards.

  1. A degree-related certificate from the CBSE Board is accepted in all colleges and academic institutions across the country and gains priority.
  2. CBSE ensures consistency among its students across India, and special thanks to a centralized education system adopted by the CBSE board, administered by a single governing authority.
  3. The CBSE syllabus is more concise than those of other boards.
  4. The CBSE board is well known internationally which makes it is simpler for the students to move abroad and continue their education from foreign colleges.
  5. CBSE students of class 12th have an advantage over other boards students. This is because most of the higher-level examinations are conducted based on the CBSE board's syllabus.

Note: All KVs (Kendriya Vidyalayas), Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, private schools, and most institutions accredited by the Indian government are affiliated with the CBSE board.

CBSE Vs Other State Boards

The CBSE board favors practice-based learning and emphasizes the importance of revising its curriculum to keep updated with the changing situations. Also, the CBSE evaluation format allows students to take on more difficult examinations. While on the other hand, every state in the country has its board, and at the most basic level, these state boards manage a huge network of schools that provide the students with various abilities. These state boards use a rotation-based curriculum, which includes regional language in most cases.

Let's compare the CBSE with other boards based on various parameters:

  1. Syllabus: The CBSE board offers an easy syllabus. On the other hand, the state board curriculum has a lot of content since it provides a lot of information and details that are complicated to understand. The CBSE curriculum is more concise, long-term, practical, and beneficial for further studies.
  2. Learning: The CBSE emphasizes conceptual comprehension, whereas the state board, which has a lot of material, focuses on memorizing topics. If a student does not understand the concept, he will not be able to answer the questions in the CBSE. At the same time, the state board places importance on memorizing and delivering the topic to achieve a high score.
  3. Marking System: The CBSE board exams are also thoroughly reviewed and conducted in a controlled environment. At the same time, in the state board examinations, the authorized person from the respective board takes control and allows students to improve their results.

Special Education: A provision Of CBSE

"Special Education" is an essential provision under the CBSE board. Educators are suggested to be a counsellor to the students who face learning issues in class. After seeing, the counsellor may refer the particular student to a Special Education Teacher. The special education specialist may offer corrective lessons to those students individually. Papers for such students are prepared with the adjustments and changes to be friendly and easygoing. Some students may know the content but have trouble reading. So, in such a case, the question sheets would be read out by a special teacher so that students can respond to them.

Book That CBSE Follows

CBSE board follows the standard book, i.e. NCERT, and most competitive exams also follow the same syllabus contained in this book. A big advantage of the NCERT books is that they can be brought at a lower price and is almost useful in all national and state-level entrance examinations.

CBSE 10th Syllabus In Brief

Various subjects are included in class 10th like science (physics, chemistry, biology), social studies (History, Geography, Political Science and Economics), Mathematics, English, and an additional language as a compulsory subject. The syllabus of the 10th class has been reduced for the 2021-2022 batches and is available on the official website of the CBSE. For more information, one can go through the website. CBSE also included a very interesting concept last year for those who fear mathematics as a subject. Let's have a look at that.

  • The Concept Of Basic And Standard Mathematics for class 10th
    The CBSE board included basic and standard mathematics for the first time. From these, the students of class 10th have to choose one. The standard math is for all those students who wish to study mathematics as a subject in their classes 11th and 12th, whereas basic math is for those who do not want to take the subject further. And the inclusion of this concept will clear the thought of students from the beginning only. Students who pass basic mathematics are offered the standard math examination during divisional exams to continue with the subject.

Streams Available After 10th

After class 10th, like other boards, the students of the CBSE board can choose any one from three primary streams for further study, i.e. science, arts, and commerce. The structure refers to the fundamental subjects given in each stream, which are also intimately connected to the future sectors to which they will drive you. Let's understand these streams in brief:

1. Science Stream

The Science Stream is typically chosen by those who choose to continue their studies after +2 in a professional field. Chemistry, physics, mathematics, and biology are the four main subjects covered under this stream. Students can choose between Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, i.e. (PCM) and Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, i.e. (PCB). At the same time, English will be the compulsory subject, and one more subject is to opt for. This fifth subject can be a language or any other subject which is offered by the board as an optional subject.

2. Arts Stream

Students in the arts and humanities stream have one of the widest ranges of options. The primary subjects in this curriculum are geography, history, and political science, with English and other linguistic subjects as compulsory subjects. This stream has a wide range of career options, including becoming an IAS officer or entering civil service, etc.

3. Commerce Stream

If you like math and statistics, commerce might be the best fit for you. If you choose to commerce with Mathematics then the other subjects will be Accountancy, Business Studies, and Economics. On the other hand, if you opt for commerce without Mathematics then the other subjects will include Information Practices, Computer Science, Entrepreneurship, Fine Arts, and Physical Education. These are the two different varieties available in the commerce stream.

Exams Conducted By CBSE

Apart from conducting the class 10th and 12th examination, the CBSE board also conducted the major national level entrance exams like JEE, NEET-UG, and a few more for a long time. From the 2019 onwards batch, the right of conducting these examinations goes to the NTA. CBSE is conducting the board exams (class 10th and 12th) every year and also the CTET examination from recent years.


In this article, we covered the various aspects that make the CBSE board different from many other boards. We also went through its importance, the book it follows, and the various streams it provides after class 10th to pursue the 12th board. Hopefully, this information about CBSE will help while opting for the right board before moving ahead in academics.

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