NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It is a civil space program agency under the US government, which is responsible for America's space exploration programs. These include science and technological developments, research, and missions related to aeronautics and space.
Establishment of NASA
The space race started with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik 1 in 1957. NASA started as a business in 1958. NASA's goal since has been to dive into space exploration, aeronautics research, and scientific discovery. NASA is all about sustainable science and feeding forward the advance of the human spirit.
What does NASA Do?
The headquarters of NASA is located in Washington DC. NASA is a place where all space enthusiasts work with a common goal of sustainability to achieve unattained heights in space technology. Almost 18000 work for NASA others works in different professions such as government contractors, etc.
History of NASA
Gemini aimed for deep space exploration to make Moon landing possible. With ProjectGemini, United States began its Moon mission.
Human Space flight and the Moon landing
NASA began with a human spaceflight program. Project Mercury was NASA's first sophisticated program. It was the first step towards an effort to learn that humans could survive in space. This project was followed by the project Gemini. Project Gemini built upon the knowledge learned from the previous project culminating in the Apollo program,bringing the United States closer to its national objective of sending humans to the Moon.
NASA improvised and took inspiration from the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs about human flight. This inspiration resulted in the first human landing on the surface of the Moon in July 1969 with the Apollo 11 mission. During this landing on the Moon, the first man walked on the Moon. As we all know today, he was Neil Armstrong. Astronauts walked on the surface of the Moon in seven Moon landings. Every mission focused on the time it stayed and improvised it by taking inspiration from the previous. Moreover, in every successive mission,a crew of astronauts covered a greater distance than their predecessors.
The Hubble Space Telescope and its flexibility in operation have help NASA in various projects. It helps scientists understand the Universe around us. NASA's Curiosity rover is about 5 meters and is designed to expand knowledge about the Gale crater on Mars. It has aided NASA in its Mars missions. From the Hubble space telescope to the incredible curiosity rover NASA has taken humanity far beyond one could have thought a few decades ago. NASA has continued to push past the boundaries of the unknown and add to our Knowledge base.
Latest missions of NASA
NASA has planned multiple spaceflights to the Moon in 2021. By 2025, NASA has planned to land astronauts on the Lunar South Pole.
NASA has also selected two missions to study 'Lost habitability' which is a mission to Venus.
Inventions of NASA
These are only a few of many inventions by which NASA has touched our lives.
How to get a job at NASA
To get a job at NASA, an aspirant must research the opportunities at NASA. The person should also look for the eligibility criteria and prepare for the selection process.
How to Become an Astronaut at NASA
Along with the technical skills, NASA also demands physical fitness for the NASA astronaut.
Basic Requirements of the Job
For a candidate to be eligible for the space program jobs in NASA, it is essential to hold a bachelor's degree in engineering, computer science, physical science, or mathematics. Additionally, the candidate must have prior professional experience of three years of a pilot in command in jet aircraft. It is also mandatory for the candidate to pass the astronaut's physical examination conducted by NASA. Apart from the compulsory requirements, some skills can aid in the selection process. These include leadership experience, scuba diving, and other languages, especially Russian.
The Astronauts' Class
In 1959, seven astronauts were chosen for the Mercury program. Around 22 classes are selected for them, which have changed over time according to the programs. Initially, military and test pilots were selected largely, but as the challenges faced in the flight changed, it also affected the skill requirement. The classes are defined according to the skill requirement.
Vehicles Used by the Astronauts
There is a variety of spacecraft an astronaut uses for various missions. The spacecraft first reaches the international space station, where it is tested for long-duration flights. Today, the Russian Soyuz is used for reaching the international space station. According to the new exploration plans, the new batch of NASA astronauts might use Orion spaceflight for deep space explorations.
How to become an Engineer at NASA
Responsibilities of the NASA engineer
The engineers at NASA design and develop technology in avionics, rocketry, electronics, and software.
Eligibility to Become a NASA Engineer
A candidate must have a bachelor's degree from a recognized institution. The majors preferred include engineering, physical science, and mathematics. The students aspiring to become an engineer at NASA must choose the supplementary courses carefully. These are registered on the NASA site under the 'Appropriate Field of Study' tab in AST specialty.
For aerospace technology positions, a student can submit the undergraduate program in the pre-defined field. These fields must provide the knowledge necessary for the position.
Around 30 hours of mathematics, computer science, and statistics is essential for a strong foundation. The candidate must have the appropriate knowledge of the subjects and must be able to apply it practically. Hence the candidate must know theory andhave practical knowledge of mathematics, computer science, and statistics. The integral and differential calculus part must be included along with other stated subjects.
Intern Employment Program (IEP) of NASA
Through the Intern employment program, college students can apply to work for NASA and get paid. The program will help students build the necessary skills to help them transform to career opportunities at NASA.
The opportunities of NASA are different for recent college graduates and already working professionals.
Becoming a NASA engineer is not an easy task. It would require determination and proper planning. Students must begin their preparation as early as possible and believe that it is achievable.
Impact of NASA on our lives
Major contributions of NASA are satellite telecommunication, space access, remote sensing, and GPS. Several technologies to survive harsh weather and a poor environment for space and other planets have been adopted by NASA. It makes sure that the spin-offs are available for the public and other industries to grow. These spin-offssignificantly positively impact health and medicine, air purification, transportation, public safety, agricultural resources, computer technology, industrial activity, and the environment. Additionally, NASA has invented many everyday utilities like trade mills, water purification systems, LEDs are some examples of what NASA has offered us. Through these inventions, it has made our lives better and comfortable.
Whenever we think of space exploration, we always imagine astronauts. However, many other people are contributing to this organization. These generally include scientists and engineers but teachers, secretaries, writers, and lawyers are also some of the jobs held by people. NASAis also providing employment and contributing to the economy. Additionally, it is also opening new doors to humanity and inventions.
Some people may think NASA eats a lot of money, but the truth is that it does all this while being allotted only 1% of the national budget. We must help to get them more funding so that they can achieve more milestones. Projects and missions carried out by NASA set a benchmark for revolutionizing the technology and promoting innovation. NASA inspires young students about the solar system, space, and its numerous possibilities. These programs encourage more people to come forward and explore different dimensions of space technology. Through its student-centric projects, NASA inspires students to pursue space technology as their career and help in its advancements. Moreover, its missions and programs are serving humanity and making our lives better. Hence, we must know the worth of NASA and appreciate them because they are changing the world.