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HRD - Human Resource Development

HRD - Human Resource Development

Human Resource Development (HRD), a branch of Human Resource Management, focuses on employee training and development. Human Resource Development focuses on developing a great workforce so that the company and its employees may meet their job objectives while serving customers. HRD stands for Human Resources Development. Human Resource Development (HRD), which is part of human resource management, is in charge of employee training and development. HRD is a framework for assisting people in improving their skills, knowledge, and abilities to increase the performance of a business.

The Concept of Human Resource Development

Human resource development, in the context of an organization, is a systematic and structured process that helps individuals to:

  • Acquire or improve the skills needed to execute different duties related to their current or anticipated future responsibilities.
  • Improve their overall talents and find and use their inner potentials for personal and organizational growth.
  • Foster a work environment that values excellent supervisor-subordinate relationships, sub-unit collaboration, and teamwork, all of which contribute to employees' professional well-being, motivation, and pride.

This HRD definition is restricted to the setting of an organization. It would be different in the setting of a state or nation. HRD is a method, not just a collection of processes and procedures. Performance evaluation, counseling, training, and organizational development interventions are utilized to begin, assist, and encourage this process continuously. Because the process has no end, the mechanisms may need to be checked regularly to see if they aid or hinder it. Organizations may help this development process by preparing for it, providing organizational resources, and demonstrating an HRD attitude that loves people and encourages their growth.

Aims of Human Resource Development

The major aims of HRD may be stated as:

  1. Individuals' current job performance should be improved.
  2. Individuals' ability to do future occupations will improve.
  3. Enhance the efficacy and vitality of your organization.
  4. Improve a person's attitude
  5. Individual and organizational goals should be integrated.
  6. Make the most of an organization's human resources.
  7. Boost your imagination.
  8. Individuals should be given the opportunity and facilities to exhibit their talent and potential fully.
  9. Workplace culture and interpersonal relationships should be improved.
  10. Ensure industrial peace
  11. Boost your productivity.

Objectives of Human Resource Development

The objectives of HRD are:

  1. To prepare the individual to fulfill current and changing employment needs in the future.
  2. To keep employees from becoming obsolete.
  3. To develop and expand one's creative abilities and capabilities.
  4. Employees are being prepared for higher-level positions.
  5. To provide new hires with fundamental HRD knowledge and skills.
  6. People's potential for higher-level jobs should be developed.
  7. Individual and group morale, a sense of responsibility, cooperative attitudes, and excellent connections should all be promoted.
  8. To expand the ideas of top executives by allowing them to exchange experiences both inside and outside the company.
  9. To guarantee that the organization runs smoothly and efficiently.
  10. To develop a comprehensive HRD framework.
  11. To enhance the organization's capabilities.

Nature of Human Resource Development

Some natures of HRD are as below:

  1. Learning: Learning is at the heart of HRD. HRD's main goal is to help employees gain knowledge, learn new concepts, and improve existing abilities. HRD's main goal is to improve the quality of the workforce by establishing an atmosphere that encourages continuous learning.
  2. Specific Duration: Any HRD program would have a set time limit. It may be for a short, medium, or extended period.
  3. Career Development: HRD assists individuals in their professional development by aligning employee traits to work needs. Individual employee growth and development are key to the organization's success.
  4. Organizational Development: HRD is concerned with the company's advancement, not only the development of human resources. Positive improvements are made to the workplace culture, practices, and organizational structure.
  5. Improves Performance: As a result of HRD, employee performance improves. The training programs enhance employees' competencies and productivity.
  6. Employee Welfare: To facilitate HRD, the organization tries to give all necessary amenities for the workers' physical and mental well-being. Employee benefits include, among other things, canteens, a crèche, and medical insurance.
  7. Long-Term Benefits: HRD is a notion that looks to the future. HRD's effects are only noticeable after some time has passed since it was implemented. However, it will help both the person and the company in the long run.
  8. Continuous Process: HRD is a never-ending process. Various HRD programs will be established in the firm in response to changes in the workplace. To adapt to changes in the environment, human behavior must be watched constantly.
  9. Development of Team Spirit: HRD promotes a healthy work environment that encourages collaboration and teamwork across various groups and departments. Employees must have a feeling of commitment and belonging. Therefore, team spirit is essential.

Need of Human Resource Development

In an organization, human resource development is required for the following reasons:

1. To Maintain a Level of Growth:

An organization's growth may reach a saturation point after a certain time. Employee capabilities must be refined or enhanced to sustain such a high level of development since firms operate in ever-changing contexts that require people to acquire new skills.

2. Improve Effectiveness:

Any organization that wishes to enhance its services and effectiveness in cost reduction, delay reduction, higher customer satisfaction, better quality and promptness of services, and market image must develop its workers' skills to accomplish the duties necessary to achieve these goals.

3. To Achieve Goals:

To complete tasks, people require competence. To do actions to a higher degree and quality, a higher level of competence is necessary. People's competencies must be continually developed by a company to fulfill its objectives. Competent and motivated employees are critical to an organization's survival, development, and greatness.

Scope of Human Resource Development

Human resources management is concerned with the acquisition, development, compensation, maintenance, and use of human resources. HRD deals with developing human resources for optimum utilization of these resources to meet the individual, group, and organizational goals. As a result, HRM has a broader reach, and HRD is an integral aspect of HRM. HRD, on the other hand, aids in the efficient management of human resources. The scope of HRD invades into all the functions of HRM.

The scope of HRD includes:

  1. Recruiting people within the parameters and potential for human resource development.
  2. Identifying personnel with development potential to satisfy current and future organizational demands.
  3. Through performance consultations, performance counseling, and performance interviews, assist employees in learning from their superiors.
  4. Employees' management and behavioral skills and knowledge should be developed.
  5. All personnel should be trained to acquire new technological skills and information.
  6. Employee career planning and development programs are introduced.
  7. Through organizational development, employees' behavior may be changed.
  8. Employee development and succession planning.
  9. Employee learning occurs due to group dynamics, intra-team interaction, and inter-team contact.
  10. Learning via quality circles and worker engagement in management plans.
  11. Social and religious interactions and programs provide learning opportunities.
  12. Job rotation, enrichment, and empowerment are all ways to learn.

Features of Human Resource Development

  1. HRD is a systematic and planned approach to individual development to meet organizational, group, and individual objectives.
  2. HRD improves people's abilities and knowledge on individual and dyadic, group, and organizational levels.
  3. HRD is the process of continuously improving technical, management, behavioral, and conceptual skills and knowledge.
  4. Human resource development is a broad term that covers a wide range of topics. Engineering, technology, psychology, anthropology, management, business, economics, medicine, and other fields make up this body of knowledge.
  5. Techniques and methods are used to implement HRD. Performance evaluation, training, management development, career planning and development, organizational development, counseling, social and religious programs, employee involvement/ workers' participation, quality circles, and other HRD approaches are all examples of HRD procedures.
  6. Human resource development is critical in the industrial and service industries and the information technology business.

Components of Human Resource Development

HRD encompasses staff development on both an individual and corporate level. It also includes the advancement of one's career. Human resource development is founded on the concept that organizational advancement can only be achieved through the personal and collective growth of individual employees.

The main components of HRD are:

1. Individual Development:

It refers to acquiring new skills, information, and better behavior to help him become more productive. His job performance increases as a result of this instruction. Individual development is mostly accomplished through informal activities such as coaching or mentorship by a top executive. Some businesses, on the other hand, may offer official training programs.

2. Organizational Development:

The term "organizational development" refers to an effort made by the entire company to improve its efficiency. To enhance the organizational structure, culture, and processes, it conducts activities such as performance review, change management, succession planning, process analysis, and team building, among others.

The first stage in organizational growth is identifying and addressing the organization's internal challenges and deficiencies. By building intimate relationships among its many components, the organization should strive to become a more functioning entity.

3. Career Development:

Career development on an individual level entails career planning and awareness. It's a strategy for aligning employee objectives with organizational needs. Individuals' interests, values, talents, and competencies are recognized to determine how their skills might be enhanced for future professions. The actions taken by the organization for career development include mentoring, career counseling, career development seminars, and human resource planning.

Functions of Human Resource Development

The following are some of the most important functions of human resource development (HRD):

1. Performance Appraisal:

The HRD's performance evaluation or merit-rating of employees is a crucial duty. The HRD requires this to measure the relative efficiency of various workers as evidenced by their job performance. Performance appraisal, also known as merit-rating, is concerned with the rating of workers on their tasks, whereas job assessment is concerned with the rating of the job to be done. HRD must perform this duty to analyze and classify discrepancies amongst workers in terms of job standards.

2. Employee Training:

The HRD's next task is to give appropriate training to its employees or workers. Training is regarded as the cornerstone of good human management. Training improves an employee's knowledge and abilities to do a certain job. If personnel accomplish their duties successfully and efficiently, they should be trained methodically and scientifically.

3. Executive Development:

Another significant role of HRD is to facilitate executive growth inside the company. Executive development is a program that assists executives in achieving their objectives. The program must be linked to the growth of different interrelated concerns, variables, and needs.

Individual talents of current and potential managers at various levels of management are referred to as executive capabilities. The intended objectives include the company's goals, the executives' goals, and the people who will be supervised.

4. Career Planning and Development:

Career planning and development entails the creation of an organizational framework for employees to improve and expand their careers from the moment they start working for the company until they retire.

5. Successful Planning and Development:

The HRD must also be capable of successfully planning and developing the organization's business. To reach this purpose, it must plan and improve every aspect of its organization.

6. Organizational Change and Development:

Organizational transformation and growth is another important role of HRD. This method includes organizational diagnosis, team building, task force formation, and other structural and process interventions including role development, job enrichment, and work redesign.

7. Social and Religious Values:

Employees should be able to learn from one another, and the HRD manager should schedule social and religious events. Employees may communicate intimately with one another, open their minds; discuss their abilities, and thanks to such programs.

8. Involvement in Quality Circles:

A Quality Circle is a self-governing group of employees, with or without managers, who gather regularly to discover, analyze, and solve problems in their field of work. Workers may gain decision-making and problem-solving abilities from one another through this voluntary process of problem-solving.

9. Promote Workers' Participation in Management:

Employees' engagement in management allows representatives from management and workers to discuss and exchange ideas and viewpoints during the organization's joint decision-making process. Making decisions together provides a platform for mutual learning and development. As a result, HRD managers should encourage employees to engage in the organization's management.

Benefits of Human Resource Development

HRD improves not only an individual's competency but also his latent potential for the organization's overall performance.

As a result, there are several benefits of HRD, including the following:

  1. HRD aids the employee in identifying their strengths and limitations.
  2. It assists individuals in developing themselves in a specific organizational atmosphere to increase their performance and the companies'.
  3. It encourages employees to be more creative.
  4. It fosters employee trust and transparency, enhancing interpersonal interactions.
  5. It fosters a conducive climate for honest feedback and direction from superiors.
  6. It offers both long-term and short-term growth potential.
  7. It aids businesses in utilizing present human resources for difficult future obligations once they have been developed.
  8. It facilitates the advancement of one's career.
  9. It allows for the complete development of individuals' and organizations' personalities.

Outcomes of Human Resource Development

The following are some of the various outcomes that arise as a result of HRD approaches improving human processes:

  1. People in the organization grow more competent when they become more conscious of the abilities necessary for job performance on the one hand, and norms and standards become clearer on the other.
  2. People grow more devoted to their occupations when the administration of incentives becomes more objective. They come up with more innovative and unique concepts.
  3. People have a better understanding of their duties due to improved communication, as they become more aware of the expectations that others in their role have of them.
  4. People gain a higher sense of trust and regard for one another. They become more honest and transparent in their actions. As a result, new values are created.
  5. There is more collaboration and teamwork, resulting in a synergistic impact.

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