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CID - Crime Investigation Department

CID - Crime Investigation Department

CID is known as the Crime Investigation Department. In India, the Crime Investigation Department (CID) is a subdivision of the State Police Services that have the responsibility for the investigation of crimes, modelled on the Criminal Investigation Departments of the British police.

There are a number of very important units within the police force. The most crucial is the Crime Branch and Crime Investigation Department (CB-CID).

When it comes to issues of criminal acts, investigations, prosecutions, and crime intelligence collection in the Crime Branch, the State Special Branch is in charge of gathering, collating, and disseminating information on several acts like political, communal, and terrorist as well as labour and law enforcement matters.

Formulation and Organisation of Crime Investigation Department

According to the suggestions of the Police Commission, the British government formed its first CID in 1902.Rai Bahadur Pandit Shambhu Nath, King's Police Medalist (KPM) and Member of the British Empire (MBE), is depicted as the "Father of Indian CID" at the doorway of the CID office on Gokhale Marg, Lucknow.

This division took place in 1929 when Special Branch was separated from CID and Crime Branch (CB-CID).

Crime Branch- CID

In the Criminal Investigation Division (CID), the Special Branch (CB-CID) is lead by the Additional Director of Police (ADGP) and aided by the Inspector General of Police or the IGP.

Among the serious offenses investigated by this department are murder, riots, forgery, and counterfeiting, as well as cases referred by the state government or the honourable High Court.

CID - Crime Investigation Department

CID or Crime Investigation Officer

In the horizon of criminal justice, CID officers are a prevalent career path. As a crime-detection organisation, CID is an essential component of the Indian government.

According to government directives, CID officers conduct investigations into specific cases.

Someone interested in working in the Criminal Investigation Division (CID) must be a critical thinker, problem solver with great and effective interpersonal abilities, as well as possess excellent reasoning and critical-thinking abilities for solving crime-related issues and gathering criminal intelligence.

Investigation of crucial, massive, and complex crimes, such as rape, murder, serious assault, and fraud, are among the duties of CID officials.

When it comes to criminal instances and fraud investigations, they accumulate facts and evidence, maintain meticulous records, and take part in the autopsies. They also exchange information and collaborate for various activities with other organisations in order to make sure that the investigatory procedure is completed in a rigorous manner, having left no room for doubt.

CID - Crime Investigation Department

Eligibility, Qualifications and other details to become a CID officer

Several positions are offered in the CID.

In order to be a CID official, one must have at least two years of uniformed police experience.

Once you've completed your training, you can request for a transition to the CID office.

The following are the basic requirements for an applicant to enter the crime investigation department:

  1. The candidate must have successfully completed grade 12 from a recognised board.
  2. Also the applicant should be a graduate of a recognised university. Applicants who complete graduation most often join as sub-inspector.
  3. Applicants can even go for a degree in criminology, criminal justice at the graduation level, which is said to be highly beneficial for applicants interested in joining CID as an officer at a later stage.
  4. Moreover apart from the educational qualifications, the applicant should be an Indian Citizen, can be either male or female, and should have a minimum age of 20 years; whereas the upper age limit is 27 years of age. However, there are relaxations for SC, ST, and OBC category candidates.
  5. There are certain height requirements as well to be a CID officer, these include;
  6. A male should be ideally of 165 cm whereas a female officer has to have a minimum height of 150 cm; however, there is relaxation for the tribal and hillmen.
  7. The requirement for the chest with expansion should be a minimum of 76cm; Also, vision should be 6/6 in and 6/9 in the distant vision category; whereas the near vision should be 0.6 in one eye and 0.8 in the other.
  8. The number of attempts for the general category includes 4 whereas for OBC 7 attempts and SC/ST have no limits to appear for the examination.
  9. The examination to be a CID officer includes three phases comprising of Written Test; Physical Fitness Test and Interview.

Job Roles, Responsibilities of Crime Investigation Officer

Students or applicants have their own interest of agency that they desire to be part of as a Crime Investigation Officer. It is possible to find a federal law enforcement agency that matches your specific interests. According to one's interest; liking and the areas, CID officers can choose from a wide range of job profiles.

A few of the possible job profiles have been mentioned below for a better understanding;

Fraud Investigator

He/she conducts fraud investigations by acquiring factual statements, depositions, or revelations from complainants, business owners, and witness statements. A fraud investigator also conducts record research, obtains, analyses, and evaluates evidence, and supervises the creation and management of preventing fraud, identification, and resolution solution and strategy.

Police Officers

Police Officers reply to the event, occurrence, complaint, document interaction, and collection of pieces of evidence. Police officers are the first responders. They have the responsibility of arresting the offenders, rule breakers, and criminal suspects. Moreover, as part of their dusty and responsibility, the evidence is collected; witnesses are called; criminal activity is discouraged, and threats to public safety are monitored.

Investigation Officers

Investigation Officers have the responsibility to find out who committed serious crimes and collect evidence for prosecution and conviction. Also, investigators are responsible for conducting investigations. On the basis of their research results, they generate papers and frequently attend court to clarify their study results.


They have the responsibility and duty of conducting researches, developing the theories, investigating the crime areas, and formulation and composition of the reports. They utilise their ability to analyse the background and help law enforcement in the identification and understanding of criminal behavior.


Paralegals scrutinise the facts and laws of case scenarios in order to identify causes of action and to make preparation for the respective cases. Paralegals usually work for law firms, corporations' legal teams, or courts. They also aid lawyers with filing documents such as motions, memos, and petitions.

Narcotics Officer

Officers who specialise in the prevention of illicit drug usage and distribution are known as narcotics officers. Narcotics officers may also be required to write reports and analyse evidence in order to solve a particular case. It is their responsibility to distribute information about drug preventive measures within society.

Employment Opportunities for Crime Investigation Department Officer

At crime scenes, CID agents define, classify, obtain, and analyse physical evidence. Their primary employers are government departments, but they can also work for law enforcement.

Many other agencies, such as the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) or the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives(ATF), offer job opportunities.

Most Essential and Top Recruiters of CID or Crime Investigation Officer

The profession of a CID officer in the Indian government is to evaluate, scrutinise and perform investigations of difficult and complicated cases.

CID officers are hired by the Indian government, but they can also operate for the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) or the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF/BATFE) (ATF).

Additionally, CID has a number of divisions, including the Fingerprint Bureau, a counterterrorism wing of the Criminal Bureau of Investigation (CBI), an anti-narcotics cell, and an anti-human trafficking and missing person cell.

Salary, Perks, and Benefits of CID or Crime Investigation Department Officer

CID officers obtain more responsibility and accountability as they gain more experience, and the compensation plan varies based on the position. On this page, we've enumerated some of the comparative salary figures for various jobs profiles of CID officers:

As a fraud investigator, the minimum starting salary is 2.60 Lakh per annum to almost 12 lakh per annum at the senior level.

Whereas in case of a Police Offer it ranges between 2 Lakh per annum to 8 Lakhs per annum.

Also in the case of Paralegal, it varies between 2.50 Lakh per annum to 7.50 Lakh per annum.

It is important to note these are tentative and approximate salaries, there can be variations with changes in pay scale.

CID - Crime Investigation Department

Essentials Traits and Skills of Crime Investigation Officer

You can become a CID officer based on your qualifications and by taking entrance examinations such as UPSC civil services.

A profession in CID cannot be prepared by reading a specific book or studying specific material.

To get a piece of real knowledge and profound understanding you should be aware of what's going on in the world today.

Candidates for the CID must also possess specific basic skills, such as effective communication and critical-thinking skills before they can be considered.

Benefits of becoming a Crime Investigation Officer

Crime Investigation Department (CID) Officers have many advantages.

  • The advantages of working for the CID are plentiful, as are the opportunities for advancement.
  • A career in CID is just as gratifying on a top standard as any other criminal justice career.
  • To ensure public safety from criminals, everyone has to do their part.
  • It is possible to become an efficient and superior officer by taking on the role of a CID officer.

Disadvantages of becoming a Crime Investigation Officer

Apart from the advantages, the Crime Investigation Department (CID) Officers have many disadvantages as well;

  • As a police officer, you'll have to deal with stress and the risk of harm on a daily basis.
  • On-the-job injuries and illnesses are extremely common.
  • Every person should always be ready for life-threatening circumstances.
  • Criminals who may be physically and verbally abusive must be dealt with by CID officers.
  • They also have the responsibility to work extra hours, which can be exhausting.

Hence it is a matter of pride to be a CID officer. They serve the country in their blood and sweat and make an exemplary contribution to society. Moreover, based in Mumbai's crime branch a famous and popular television series on CID has been ongoing for more than 20 years. This series is loved and liked by all.

Conclusively, being a CID officer is more challenging and arduous, than a normal officer in the government.

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