## Logic Gates- The logic gates are the main structural part of a digital system.
- Logic Gates are a block of hardware that produces signals of binary 1 or 0 when input logic requirements are satisfied.
- Each gate has a distinct graphic symbol, and its operation can be described by means of algebraic expressions.
- The seven basic logic gates includes: AND, OR, XOR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and XNOR.
- The relationship between the input-output binary variables for each gate can be represented in tabular form by a truth table.
- Each gate has one or two binary input variables designated by A and B and one binary output variable designated by x.
## AND GATE:The AND gate is an electronic circuit which gives a high output only if all its inputs are high. The AND operation is represented by a dot (.) sign. ## OR GATE:The OR gate is an electronic circuit which gives a high output if one or more of its inputs are high. The operation performed by an OR gate is represented by a plus (+) sign. ## NOT GATE:The NOT gate is an electronic circuit which produces an inverted version of the input at its output. It is also known as an ## NAND GATE:The NOT-AND (NAND) gate which is equal to an AND gate followed by a NOT gate. The NAND gate gives a high output if any of the inputs are low. The NAND gate is represented by a AND gate with a small circle on the output. The small circle represents inversion. ## NOR GATE:The NOT-OR (NOR) gate which is equal to an OR gate followed by a NOT gate. The NOR gate gives a low output if any of the inputs are high. The NOR gate is represented by an OR gate with a small circle on the output. The small circle represents inversion. ## Exclusive-OR/ XOR GATE:The 'Exclusive-OR' gate is a circuit which will give a high output if one of its inputs is high but not both of them. The XOR operation is represented by an encircled plus sign. ## EXCLUSIVE-NOR/Equivalence GATE:The 'Exclusive-NOR' gate is a circuit that does the inverse operation to the XOR gate. It will give a low output if one of its inputs is high but not both of them. The small circle represents inversion. Next TopicBoolean Algebra |