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PHP String wordwrap() Function

The wordwrap() string function is an in-built function of PHP. It is used to wrap a string to the given number of characters using a string break character. PHP 4.0.2 and above versions support this function. In simple words, it wraps a string into new lines when it reaches to its given length.

Note: This function may leave whitespaces at the beginning of the line.

Syntax

The syntax of the wordwrap() function is given below, that accepts four arguments.

Parameter

The wordwrap() function accepts four arguments, in which only $string parameter is mandatory to pass, and the other three arguments are optional. These arguments are discussed below in detail:

$string (required): It is a mandatory parameter of this function. It specifies the input string that needs to break up into lines.

$width (optional): It is an optional parameter of this function. It specifies the maximum line width. By default, it takes 75.

$break (optional): It is an optional parameter of this function. It provides a character to use as a break. By default is "\n".

$cut (optional): It is also an optional parameter of this function, which contains the Boolean value. By default, the wordwrap() takes the Boolean value as "FALSE" for this parameter:

  • If the value to this parameter is set "TRUE", then the string will always be wrapped at or before the specified width. So, if the word width is larger than the given $width, then it is broken apart (see the example 3).
  • If the value is "FALSE", then the function does not split the word even if the word width is larger than the $width.

Return values

The wordwrap() function returns the string wrapped by the specified length, i.e., the string is broken into lines on success, and return FALSE on failure.

Changelog

The $cut parameter was added in PHP 4.0.3.

Examples

There are some examples, by which we can learn the working of wordwrap() function. Let's see the given examples below:

Example 1

Output:

In the above example, a string is broken after every ten characters by the newline character. Here, we did not pass the $cut parameter.

An example
of the
wordwrap()
function
to break
the string

Note: This function does not break a word from between when the fourth parameter is not passed as TRUE, even if the given width is less than the word width.

Example 2

Output:

In this example, we did not break "Congratulations" word from the given width, i.e., 8, because this function does not break character in between.

Congratulations!
to all

Example 3: When $cut is passed as "TRUE"

Output:

In this example, we break "Congratulations" word from the given width, i.e., 8, and passed $cut parameter whose value is TRUE. So this function breaks the string after every eight characters.

Congratu
lations!
to all

Example 4: When $cut is passed as "FALSE"

Output:

Be a
part of
javatpoint





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