PHP vs Node.js
What is PHP?
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, which is an open source scripting language. It is a server-side scripting language and a powerful tool for creating a dynamic and interactive website.
PHP is an interpreted language, so it doesn't need compilation. It is specially designed for server-side scripting, which executes on the server. PHP can be easily embedded with HTML files.
Note: PHP is mainly used to develop server-side applications.
It has several advantages that are given below:
- We can execute PHP code on different platform such as Windows, Linux, UNIX, Solaris, etc.
- It is easy to use and learn.
- PHP provides a built-in module which helps it to connect with the database easily.
- PHP is an open source language that means it is available for free of cost.
In general, PHP is cheap, cross-platform, fast, and reliable to develop web applications.
What is Node.js?
Node.js is an open-source language which executes in different environments such as Windows, Linux, UNIX, and Mac OS, etc.
Node.js has many advantages which are listed below.
- Node.js is fast and lightweight.
- It is more secure than PHP.
- Node.js offers scalability, i.e., it easy to scale the application vertically as well as horizontally.
Difference between PHP and Node.js
PHP and Node.js both are server-side scripting languages; thus, they have become the competitor for each other. They are bound to have some similarities and also some differences. Following are some differences based on their functionality and features.
||PHP is straightforward to install and use at server-side.
||PHP is powered by Zend engine.
||PHP is synchronous except some APIs.
||It is totally asynchronous.
||PHP has many frameworks for easy backend development, such as Laravel, CakePHP, etc.
||Node.js also has popular frameworks like Express, Meteor, and DerbyJS, etc.
||PHP execution speed is slower than Node.js.
||Node.js is faster than PHP and lightweight too.
||PHP needs Apache web server to execute the code.
||Node.js doesn't need any web server to execute. It runs in its own environment.
|Compatibility with other languages
||Facebook, Wikipedia, Yahoo, Flickr, and Wordpress, etc., are using PHP.
||IBM, GoDaddy, NetFlix, LinkedIn, Paypal, and Walmart are the adopters of Ndoe.js.
||PHP is simpler to use than Node.js.
||Node.js is not too complex, but need more lines of code and callback functions.
||echo 'Hello PHP';
||A developer needs to download and install PHP manually. It doesn't come in bundled with module.
||It comes prepackaged with the NPM package management system and its registry.
||PHP is fast, but slower than Node.js due to the database, third-party request, and file system.
||Node.js is faster due to its non-blocking mechanism.