Advantages & Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence
Nowadays, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the rapidly growing and developing technology of the computer world. This technology helps a machine to think like a human. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a simulation of human intelligence into a computer machine to think and act like a human. The term Artificial Intelligence (AI) was first invented in the early 1950, and the idea of artificial intelligence was initially begun by the great computer scientist John McCarthy from 1943 to 1956.
In a general way, we can say "anything can be termed as Artificial Intelligence if it involves programming or coding to do and think similar to humans." Artificial Intelligence consists of a large number of advantages as well disadvantages like reduction in human error, 24/7 chatbot assistant, medical application, accuracy and right decision making, high cost, etc.
In this tutorial of ''Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence'', we will briefly discuss the advantages and disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence. So, let's start with the advantages of Artificial intelligence first.
Advantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
There is an enormous number of advantages of Artificial intelligence as follows:
Reduction in Human Error
One of the biggest achievements of Artificial Intelligence is that it can reduce human error. Unlike humans, a computer machine can't make mistakes if programmed correctly, while humans make mistakes from time to time. Therefore, Artificial Intelligence uses some set of algorithms by gathering previously stored data, reducing the chances of error and increasing the accuracy and precision of any task. Hence, Artificial Intelligence helps to solve complex problems that require difficult calculations and can be done without any error.
Reduce the Risk (Zero Risk)
It is also one of the biggest advantages of Artificial Intelligence. The technology of developing AI Robots can overcome many risky limitations of humans and do risky things for us such as defusing a bomb, oil and coal mining and exploring the deepest part of the ocean, etc. So, it helps in any worst situation, either human or natural disasters too. AI Robots can be used in such situations where intervention can be hazardous.
Unlike humans, a computer does not require breaks and refreshers. A normal human can continue work till 8-9 hours, including breaks and refreshers, while a computer machine can work 24x7 without any breaks and don't even get bored, unlike humans. Chatbots and helpline centres can be seen as the best example of 24/7 support of various websites continuously engaged in receiving customers queries and automatically resolved by Artificial Intelligence.
Perform Repetitive Jobs
We perform so many repetitive works in our day-to-day life, such as automatic replies to emails, sending birthday and anniversary quotes and verifying documents, etc. Therefore, Artificial Intelligence (AI) helps to automate the business by performing these repetitive jobs.
Unlike humans, a machine helps to take decisions faster than a human and carry out actions quicker. While taking a decision, humans analyze many factors while the machine works on what it is programmed and delivers the results faster. The best example of the faster decision can be seen in an online chess game in the third level. It is impossible to beat a computer machine because it takes the best possible step in a very short time, according to the algorithms used behind it.
For new inventions, AI is helping humans almost in each sector, it can be healthcare, medical, educational, sports, technology, entertainment or research industry etc. Using advanced AI-based technologies, doctors can predict various dangerous diseases like cancer at a very early stage.
Now, we are all completely dependent on mobile and the internet for our daily routine. We use several applications like Google map, Alexa, Apple's Siri, Window's Cortana, OK Google, taking a selfie, making a phone call, replying to a mail, etc. Further, we can also predict the weather for today and upcoming days with the help of various AI-based methods.
Digital Assistance is one of the most powerful methods that help various highly advanced organizations to interact with users without engaged human resources. Digital Assistance helps users by gathering previous users queries and providing solutions that users want. The best example of digital Assistance can be seen on various websites in the form of chatbot support. A user asks something, and the computer machine provides relevant information like banking, education, travel, and ticket booking sites. Some chatbots are designed so that it's become hard to determine whether we're chatting with a chatbot or a human being.
AI in risky situations
Human safety is always the primary thing that is also taken care by machines. Whenever we need to explore the deepest part of the ocean or study space, scientists use AI-enabled machines in risky situations where human survival becomes difficult. AI can reach at every place where humans can't reach.
If something has a bright side, then parallelly, it also has some dark side. Similarly, Artificial intelligence also has a few drawbacks that are as follows:
Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Although artificial intelligence is one of the most trending and demanding technology around the globe, it still has some disadvantages. Some of the common disadvantages of AI are as follows:
High production cost
We are living in a technological world where we have to manipulate ourselves according to society. Similarly, a computer machine also requires time to time software and hardware updates to meet the latest requirements. Hence, AI also need repairing and maintenance, which need plenty of costs.
Risk of Unemployment
A robot is one of the implementations of Artificial intelligence, and it is replacing jobs and leading to serve unemployment (In some cases). Hence, according to some people, there is always a risk of unemployment because of robots and chatbots instead of humans. For example, in some more technology-oriented countries such as Japan, robots are widely used in manufacturing industries to replace human resources. However, this is not always the truth because as it replaces humans to enhance efficiency, it is also making more jobs opportunities for humans.
Increasing human's laziness
The new inventions of Artificial Intelligence are making humans lazier towards their work, resulting in humans being completely dependent on machines and robots. If this continues for more upcoming years, then our next generations will become entirely dependent on a machine, resulting in further unemployment and health issues.
We have always learned since childhood that computers or machines don't have emotions. Humans work like a team, and team management is a key factor for completing a target. However, there is no doubt that machines are much better when working efficiently, but it is also true that they never replace the human's connection that makes the team.
Lack of creativity
The biggest disadvantage of Artificial Intelligence is its lack of creativity. Artificial Intelligence is a technology that is completely based on pre-loaded data. However, Artificial Intelligence can learn over time with this pre-fed data and past experiences, but it cannot be creative like humans.
Ethics and morality are the two most important features of humans, but it isn't easy to incorporate both of these into Artificial Intelligence. AI is rapidly increasing uncontrollably in each sector, so if this continues for the upcoming decades, it may eventually wipe out humanity.
Artificial Intelligence is a technology completely based on pre-loaded data and experience, so it cannot be improved as human. It can perform the same task repeatedly, but if you want some improvement and changes, you have to change the command for the same. However, it can store unlimited data that humans cannot, but also it cannot be accessed and used like human intelligence.