Javatpoint Logo
Javatpoint Logo

Row Number SQL

SQL is an abbreviation for a structured query language that enables the user to store, manipulate and retrieve data from a relational database. SQL can be implemented in database management systems to perform creation, deletion, and retrieval operations of the rows from the database. It provides several other SQL functions.

In this tutorial, we will learn about the row number feature provided by SQL and how it can be implemented in SQL.

Arguments in SQL

SQL statement comprises arguments. These are the parts of code that the user can implement to perform specific operations on the data in DBMS. Some of the arguments implemented in SQL statements include SELECT, which is used to return data from a database, INSERT, which is used to add new data to the table; UPDATE enables the user to modify the data from the existing data. Other arguments implemented with other functions are WHERE and ORDER BY, which are used to refine the data returned by other functions. Using the right combinations of arguments enables the user to create complex queries and return refined data allowing the user to make informed decisions.

SQL Row Number Function

ROW_ NUMBER is a SQL function used to assign a ranking to the data records in the table. It assigns a sequential rank number to each record in a partition. When Row Number is implemented in the SQL Server, when it encounters two same values in the table, it assigns a different rank to both values.

The rank number is decided by the table's sequence in which the rows are present.

Syntax of Row Number in SQL

The syntax to implement the row_number function in SQL is as follows:

Now let us discuss different clauses implemented with the Row Number function mentioned in the above syntax.


This clause mentions the window or set of rows on which the Row Number function is implemented. The PARTITION BY and ORDER BY are two possible clauses of the OVER clause.


It is an optional clause that can be implemented in the Row number function. A clause is implemented to divide the result set returned by the partitions or groups of records for which the function is implemented. The function is implemented to each partition, assigning a rank to each partition. Suppose the user does not specify a partition clause for the Row number function. In that case, the function will consider the complete result as a particular partition, and the rank number is assigned from beginning to end.


Every partition created in the order by clause enables the user to arrange the rows in the result set. Implementing the ORDER BY clause when implementing the ROW NUMBER () function is necessary, as the function is order dependent.

Implementing ROW_NUMBER() Function In SQL Query

We have covered the syntax to implement SQL's Row_Number() function. Now to better understand the concept, let's implement the Row_Number function using an example to see how it works in an SQL table. We have covered the basic syntax for writing the ROW_NUMBER function in SQL.

In the following example, we will implement the function on the Student table as given below:

S_ID S_Name S_Dept S_Country S_Age
100 Aman Science India 19
105 Harsh Maths England 20
110 Harshit Science India 17
200 Kavya Social Studies Canada 18
120 Abhay Maths India 21
102 Ravi English India 22

Implement the SQL query to define and insert the data in above table:

Below is the query to assign Row_Number to the above table when ordered by S_ID.


Row Number SQL

The above statement implements the Row_Number() function in SQL to assign a sequential numerical order to each student in the Student table.

What are Return Types in SQL?

The return types are essential components in SQL to modify the databases. It is determined by the structure which return type is returned after implementing the SQL statement. There are several return types in SQL. The SQL statement can return a single value, multiple values, an array of objects, or a table. Each return type affects how the data is stored or accessed in the database.

Each return type will affect how the data is stored and accessed. Different operations can have different return types. The functions, stored procedures, and triggers can return all values in SQL. The data types of these values may differ per the users' needs. These data types include integers, strings, data, or even a record or set of records. The user can also use SQL statements to return an entire table. Functions and Stored Procedures implement the return statements to return either a scalar data type or a complete table, whereas the triggers can only return a scalar value.

Using SQL Row_Number() Function to Implement Pagination

The ROW_NUMBER() function can be used in SQL to limit the number of rows returned for pagination by the SQL statements. It has several advantages, especially when implemented with large datasets. It ensures that the data retrieved by the user is only as per their requirement.

The SQL ROW_NUMBER() function can limit the number of returned rows for pagination purposes. It can benefit applications with large datasets, ensuring that users only receive the data they need. For instance, if the user searches for a particular type of information in the application, the application may limit the number of returns to 10 at an instance instead of returning every single record. It is an essential tool when performing pagination datasets. It increases the efficiency of the applications as it enables the apps to deliver search results faster. The ROW_NUMBER function assigns a unique sequential number to each row within the result set returned on implementing a SQL query. This sequential number can be used to find and retrieve the data within a specified limit of pages. Moreover, the function can be implemented with the ORDER BY clause that ensures that the order is preserved when the data is paginated to be displayed to the user.

Using SQL ROW_NUMBER() for Finding the nth Highest Value Per Group

The ROW_NUMBER() functions can also be used the return the nth highest value in each group. It can be performed by implementing the function while using the PARTITION BY clause in SQL. The clause allows the user to divide the data into several groups. Once the data is divided into different groups, the data in each group is ordered based on the value of interest.

The user can implement the function to find the row that stores the nth highest value in each group created by the user. This powerful feature can be used to identify and study the group stored in the group efficiently. The above operation can be performed by using the row_number function to assign a value to each row of data and then implementing the partition clause to group the data by a specific value. The user needs to implement the ORDER BY clause to sort the data into ascending or descending order and determine the Nth row. It is a powerful technique used by database administrators to manage the data sets irrespective of the size and enables the application to access and return the requisite data quickly.


Row Number SQL

Youtube For Videos Join Our Youtube Channel: Join Now


Help Others, Please Share

facebook twitter pinterest

Learn Latest Tutorials


Trending Technologies

B.Tech / MCA