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Verilog Inter and Intra Delay

Verilog delay statements can have delays specified either on the left-hand side of the assignment operator's right-hand side.

Inter Assignment Delays

An inter-assignment delay statement has delay value on the left-hand side of the assignment operator.

Inter assignment are those delay statements where the execution of the entire statement or assignment got delayed.

In Verilog, Inter assignment delays often correspond to the inertial delay or the VHDL's regular delay statements.

It indicates that the statement itself is executed after the delay expires, and is the most commonly used form of delay control.

Example

Here, q becomes 1 at time 10 units because the statement gets evaluated at 10 time units and RHS which is a combination of a, b and c evaluates to 1. After completion the execution, it gives the following output.

xcelium> run
[0] a=0 b=0 c=0 q=0
[5] a=1 b=0 c=1 q=0
[10] a=1 b=0 c=1 q=1
xmsim: *W,RNQUIE: Simulation is complete.

Intra Assignment Delays

Intra assignment delay indicates that the statement itself is executed after the delay expires, and it is the most commonly used form of delay control.

They can be used with blocking and non-blocking assignments. If a statement with intra-assignment timing controls is encountered during simulation, then the expression will be evaluated, and its value will be stored.

Then, the statement's execution will be suspended until the time specified by the delay control expires. Changes in the expression value up to the time of the event will be ignored.

An intra-assignment delay is declared to the right-hand side of the assignment operator. This indicates that the statement is evaluated, and the values of all signals on RHS are captured first.

Example

The above code gives the below output:

xcelium> run
[0] a=0 b=0 c=0 q=0
[5] a=1 b=0 c=1 q=0
xmsim: *W,RNQUIE: Simulation is complete.

At 5 time units, a and c are assigned using non-blocking statements. And the behavior of non-blocking statements is evaluated but gets assigned to the variable only at the end of the time step.

So the value of a and c is evaluated to 1 but not assigned when the next non-blocking statement q is executed. So when RHS of q is evaluated, a and c still has an old value of 0, and hence $monitor does not detect a change to display the statement.

To observe the change, let us change assignment statements to a and c from non-blocking to blocking.

And the output looks like as:

xcelium> run
[0] a=0 b=0 c=0 q=0
[5] a=1 b=0 c=1 q=0
[10] a=1 b=0 c=1 q=1
xmsim: *W,RNQUIE: Simulation is complete.

Next TopicVerilog Gate Delay




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