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NCERT Solutions Class 6 Social Science Geography

Chapter 8- India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

Answer the following questions briefly.

a. Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?

Answer: The south-west monsoon winds blowing from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal towards the land brings rainfall in India. These winds carry moisture with them. When such winds strikes the mountains barriers, the rainfall occurs. It is important because rainfall provides adequate water and a beautiful crop.

b. Name the different seasons in India.

Answer: There are four different seasons in India, which are as follows:

i. Cold Weather Season (Winter)

Months: December to February

ii. Hot Weather Season (Summer)

Months: March to May

iii. Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy)

Months: June to September

iv. Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn)

Months: October and November

c. What is natural vegetation?

Answer: The grasses, shrubs, and trees which grow on their own without any interference or help from the human beings is called natural vegetation.

2. Tick the correct answers.

a. The world's highest rainfall occurs in

  1. Mumbai
  2. Asansol
  3. Mawsynram

Answer: iii. Mawsynram

Explanation: Mawsynram lies in Meghalaya. It receives the highest ranfall.

b. Wild goats and snow leopards are found in

  1. Himalayan region
  2. Peninsular region
  3. Gir forests

Answer: i. Himalayan region

Explanation: The Himalayan region is generally cold and covered with snow. Hence, such animals like wild goats and snow leopards are found in thisregion.

c. During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from

  1. land to sea
  2. sea to land
  3. plateau to plains

Answer: ii. sea to land

Explanation: The winds during the south west monsoon period flows from sea to land. When such winds strikes the mountains barriers, the rainfall occurs.

3. Fill in the blanks.

  1. Hot and dry winds known as loo blow during the day in summers.
  2. The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoon or autumn.
  3. Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.

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