What is math?
The word math stands for mathematics. It is a field of study. The word mathematics originates from the Greek word máthema. The meaning of máthema word is science, knowledge or learning. Both math and maths are short forms of mathematics. So, the word mathematics is the same as math. These short words often used by students and their schools for arithmetic, geometry, and algebra.
Definitions of Math
Commonly, there is no accepted definition of math. Aristotle defined mathematics as, the science of quantity. The definition given by Aristotle prevailed until the 18th century.
The study of numbers, shapes, and patterns is called math. In other words, we can define the term math as, the field of study that uses numbers and symbols for measurement, properties, relationships of quantities, and sets.
According to the German philosophers Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematics is the Queen of the Sciences.
Modern philosophers do not consider mathematics as a science because science is based on empirical observations and seek to understand some aspect of phenomena. While math defines the relationship between quantities and objects and seeks to use logic to understand. The mathematics do not relate to any phenomena.
The study of math includes the following:
Why math is important?
Math is very important in our daily lives. In reality, it is implemented everywhere. It is useful for solving problems that occur in the real world. This is the reason that so many people besides mathematicians study and use mathematics. There are too many fields such as natural science, engineering, medicine, finance, etc. that uses mathematics.
There are the following reasons that makes the mathematics as a powerful tool.
Fields of Mathematics
In mathematics there are two main branches:
In pure mathematics, we study the mathematical concept independently of any application outside mathematics. It includes proof theory and mathematical logic or symbolic logic which is further divided into several distinct subfields such as arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, topology, analysis, etc.
The combination of mathematics and specialized knowledge is known as applied mathematics. It is used in different fields such as science, engineering, computer science, and business. It includes probability, statistics, computational sciences, and physical sciences.