Area of a CylinderIn this section, we will learn cylinder definition, formula derivation, and area of cylinder formula along with examples in detail. CylinderA cylinder is a threedimensional solid shape. It has two parallel faces that have congruent circles. It has a curved surface. The perpendicular distance between the two bases is the height of the cylinder. Area of Cylinder formula
Area of cylinder (A) = 2πr^{2} + 2πrh
OR
Area of cylinder (A) = 2πr (r + h)
Where: π is a constant whose value is 3.14. r is the radius. h is the height of the cylinder Types of CylinderThere are two types of cylinder:
DerivationA cylinder is made up of two circles and a rectangle. If you want to derive the formula of area of the cylinder, follow the steps given below:
Calculate the area of each circle separately. We know that the area of the circle is πr^{2}. Adding the area of both circles we get (πr^{2 }+ πr^{2} = 2πr^{2}). Calculate the area of the rectangle that is width times height. Where h is height, and the length of the cylinder is the distance around the circle. It means it is the circumference of the circle that is 2πr. Hence the area of the rectangle will be 2πr*h. Now add the area of the circle that is 2πr^{2} and the area of a rectangle that is 2πrh. Area of cylinder (A) = 2πr^{2} + 2πrh OR Area of cylinder (A) = 2πr (r + h) Where: π is a constant r is the radius h is the height of the cylinder ExamplesExample 1: If the diameter of a cylinder is 15 cm and the height is 7 cm. Find the surface area of the cylinder. Solution: We have given, diameter (d) = 15 cm height (h) =7 cm we know that, radius is half of the diameter. r = d/2 r = 15 / 2 = 7.5 cm We know that, Area of cylinder (A) = 2πr (r + h) A = 2 * 3.14 * 7.5 (7.5 + 7) A = 682.95 cm^{2} The area of the cylinder is 682.95 cm^{2}. Surface area of the hollow cylinder Example 2: The following figure shows a pipe. The internal and external radius of the pipe is 4 cm and 4.4 cm, respectively. The pipe is 9 cm is long. Find the total surface area of the pipe. Solution: In this question, we have given two radiuses, internal and external. The r represents the internal radius, and R represents the external radius. We have given, r = 4 cm, R = 4.4 cm and h = 9 cm Total surface area of the pipe (A) = area of internal circle + area of external circle + area of two circles A=2πrh+ 2πRh+2(πR^{2} πr^{2}) A = 2π.4.9 + 2π.(4.4).9 + (2. (π.(4.4^{2})π.4^{2})) A = 72π + 79.2π +(2. (19.36π  16π)) A = 72π + 79.2π +(2. (3.36π)) A = 72π + 79.2π + 6.72π A = 157.92π A = 157.92 * 3.14 A = 495.86 cm^{2} The area of cylinder is 495.86 cm^{2}.
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