Octal to Hexadecimal in C
What is an octal number system?
An octal number system is a number system which is having base-8 where base-8 represents the eight digits from 0 to 7.
What is a Hexadecimal number system?
A hexadecimal number system is a number system which is having base-16 where base-16 represents the sixteen digits, i.e.,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9, A, B, C, D, E, F.
How to convert an octal number into a hexadecimal number
We cannot directly convert an octal number system into a hexadecimal number system. First, we need to convert the octal number into a binary number system, and then this binary number system will be converted into a hexadecimal number system.
Let's look at the approach.
- Input the octal number.
- An octal number system is converted into a binary number system.
- Extract the 4 bits in a group from the right-side.
- Provide the hexadecimal number to the extracted 4 bits.
For example, the octal number is 123.
Let's create a simple program which converts the octal into a hexadecimal number.
Analysis of the above program
- First, we take the user input, which would be an octal number, and it gets stored in an 'octal' variable.
- After entering the user input, we convert the octal number into binary number. We iterate through the while(octal!=0) loop, which executes till the value of octal is not equal to zero. The final value of a binary number will be stored in a 'binary' variable.
- After calculating the binary number, we will calculate the hexadecimal number. We will iterate through the elements of a binary number by using a while(binary>0) On each iteration, four digits from the right-side of a binary number are extracted and replaced with their corresponding hexadecimal number.
- The hexadecimal variable contains the reverse value of the actual hexadecimal number. In order to get the actual hexadecimal number of an octal number, we define a new variable, i.e., hex. We will iterate the elements of a hexadecimal variable from the last, and stores each element in hex.